What of people with dynamic, rich social-cultural textures.

What are the
western vital interest in the Middle East?

Ø  Affordable and secured energy resources must keep
flowing to withstand the global economy.

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Ø  Key waterways such as Suez and the Persian Gulf
should not be exposed to instability and uncertainty.

Ø  Al-Qaeda and its links should not be given the
opportunity to exploit chaos and vacuums of authority to re-establish footholds
in the region.

Ø  Holding terrorism in check.

Ø  A safe security surroundings for Israel and the
Palestinians to pursue peace should be protected and enhanced, not eroded.

Ø  Access to oil.

Ø  Anarchy and chaos should be avoided at all costs,
because of the negative attendant consequences of failed states as fertile
grounds for terrorism, access to weapons for militias and the like.

Ø  Economic stabilization should be followed to
prevent the immediate threat of famine and long-term humanitarian disasters
that could destabilise the whole region.

Ø  Forestalling the emergence of a hostile regional
hegemon.

Ø  Avoiding the spread of weapons of mass
destruction.

Ø  Promoting political and economic reform and through
it internal stability.

The attainment of democracy in the region depends also on defending
these interests. Sadly, none of the above is a top priority for Western leaders
who are either grandstanding for principle’s sake, or doing nothing for fear of
taking between bad and worse.

I explain that
the Middle East was de-democratised because the West rarely saw it as a
collection of people with dynamic, rich social-cultural textures. The
Western power elites viewed the Middle East as no more than a region of
multiple resources and strategic interests; hence their goal was to keep it
“stable” and “manageable”.  Ernest Bevin, foreign secretary
(1945-51) of imperial Britain, without “its oil and other potential
resources” there was “no hope of our being able to achieve the standard
of life at which we are aiming in Great Britain”.

They described
countries as “oil-rich” like Kuwait whereas some other
countries as “oil-less” like Yemen. It is evident how the Middle
East made any sense to the West only in relation to whether it was
“oil-rich” or “oil-less”. If we see the Middle East contains more than 50 percent of
the world’s proven reserves but accounts for only about 30 percent of
global oil production (though this figure is still higher than in any
other region).

Current Status:

The U.S. has strong
military, security, intelligence, and diplomatic ties with several Middle
Eastern nations, including Israel, Egypt, Jordan, and the members of the Gulf
Cooperation Council (GCC). Since the historical and political
circumstances that led to the creation of NATO have
largely been absent in the Middle East, the region lacks a similarly strong
collective security organization. Middle Eastern countries traditionally have
preferred to maintain bilateral relationships with the U.S. and generally have
shunned multilateral arrangements because of the lack of trust between Arab
states.

Often, bilateral
relationships between Arab Middle Eastern countries and Western countries,
including the U.S., are mysterious. The opaqueness of these relationships
sometimes generates problems for the U.S. when trying to coordinate defence and
security cooperation with European allies active in the region (mainly the U.K.
and France).

Military training is
an important part of these relationships. The key motivation behind these
exercises is to ensure close and effective coordination with key partners in
the area, demonstrate an enduring U.S. security commitment to regional allies,
and train Arab armed forces so that they can assume a larger share of
responsibility for regional security. In April 2016, the U.S. Naval Forces
Central Command launched the world’s largest maritime exercise across the
Middle East to demonstrate global resolve in maintaining freedom of navigation
and the free flow of maritime commerce.

In addition to
military training, U.S. defence relations are underpinned by vast defence
equipment deals. U.S. military hardware and, to a lesser extent, British and
French hardware is preferred across the region because of its effectiveness and
symbolic value as a sign of a close security relationship, and much of it has
been combat tested. For example, Kuwait, the UAE,
Jordan, and Saudi Arabia have over 400 F-15, F-16, and F/A-18 jet fighter
aircraft combined. Following the Iran nuclear deal, threatened Arab states
undertook military build-ups and a flood of arms purchases. The U.S. approved
$33 billion worth of weapons sales to its Gulf Cooperation Council allies
between May 2015 and March 2016. The six GCC countries received weapons that
included ballistic missile defence systems, attack helicopters, advanced
frigates, and anti-armour missiles. The use of U.S.-made hardware helps
with interoperability and lays the foundation for longer-term engagement and
cooperation in the region.

Eleven months into the
Trump presidency, our Middle East policy expanses to a series of stunts  an isolated retaliatory attack on Syria for
use of chemical weapons, “decertifying” the Iran deal (to the consternation of
those egging on the administration, hoping that the European Union and Congress
would act, exactly nothing has happened since President Trump’s announcement of
presidency and now an announcement that the United States recognizes Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel (but won’t be moving the embassy for years, says the
secretary of state). The result is drift, instability and the emergence of the
Russia-Iran alliance, not the U.S.-Israel alliance, as the most dominant in the
region.

Recently released
previously confidential emails to then US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton
suggest concerns about energy resources were behind the 2011 NATO intervention
in Libya. The US-based online newspaper Al Monitor reported that the emails
show French spies secretly organised and funded the Libyan rebels who overthrew
Gaddafi. According to one of the
memos from March 2011 the French intelligence service “indicated that they
expected the new government of Libya to favour French firms and national
interests, particularly regarding the oil industry in Libya. If we see, now the
interest of western countries lie on the oil prices, and also many companies
sell their weapons in western countries which is a great benefit for the west.

Findings:

ü  Most of the
countries that border the Persian Gulf have vast reserves of crude oil, with monarchs of the Arabian Peninsula in particular benefiting economically
from petroleum exports.

ü  The term
“Western world” is sometimes interchangeably used with the term First World or developed countries, stressing the difference
between First World and the Third World or developing countries.

ü  It may be
tempting to oversimplify the conflict as a battle of the West against Islam,
just as it is tempting to overstate its origins in the history of Western
intervention and foreign policy.

ü  The West
has supported or installed corrupt rulers in several Arab states.  They
give us control of the oil and in return we keep them in power with arms and
money.

ü  The first time a
Western power got interested in the politics of oil in the Middle East was
toward the end of 1914, when British soldiers landed at Basra, in southern
Iraq, to protect oil supplies from neighbouring Persia.

ü 
Red Line Agreement and the involvement of America
in the Middle East.

ü 
Categorizing countries as rich oil or les oil,
this is what they value. It is not about human rights or stabilizing the
region.

ü 
They sell their products specially weapons to eastern
countries, they also supply lots of heavy weapons to Israel as well in order to
keep it safe from neighbouring countries.

ü 
They fight to have access to oil resources in the
middle which is the greatest source of oil in the world.

ü 
They do whatever they can to preserve their
interest, take the example sanctions in Iran which is a threat for US.

ü 
De-democratization as a strategy to keep the
region stable and manageable, de-democratization of Iran which was made by Dr.
Musaddiq.

ü 
Keep the ruler in their side and have access to
the oil.

ü  Al-Qaeda and its affiliates should not be given
the opportunity to exploit chaos and vacuums of authority to re-establish
footholds in the region.

 

Recommendations:

The various peoples and nations of the Middle
East have all experienced different
decolonization and independence processes. While Islam is a common factor that
binds together these peoples and nations, there are many regional cultural
differences as well. Each of these nations follows different paths toward
development, modernization, social change, and economic growth. The issue of
Occupied Palestine remains a contentious and unresolved matter that has made
lasting peace in the region impossible. Arab nations are bound together by the
politics of Arab identity, but this can be a nebulous connection at times. For
their part, Iran and Turkey have national identities that are remarkably
different from those of Arab nations. As far as relations between the Middle
East and the rest of the world are concerned, the countries and peoples of the
region see themselves as part of a larger whole, yet wish to remain independent
and to develop at their own pace and in their own way. Considering the above
following recommendation can be made:


Western world whether it is US , UK, France or
any other one should take into account the benefits of eastern world, don’t
destroy lives of people in this region by the name of human rights, regional
stability which has been a abusive weapon for decades and ruined millions in
the region like Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, etc.


Arabic rulers should stop keeping people blind
and focus on education. It is shame for them as their rulers.


Countries in the east should not part from each
other and don’t be deceived by lies of west, for that they should work on
similarities of Islam rather than of being as Shia or Sunni which has been a
good hand for use of western powers. For example, Iran should work with Saudi
or Iraq with Iran, together stronger.


Oil control should be taken into account as it is
a non-renewable energy, in the long run it can damage the region.


They should come together and address their
problem such as Holly land conflict between Palestine and Israel, why Trump?


The only way to ease tension is by Westerners who
should tolerate diversity, renounce superiority, reconsider their double
standards, and recognize Arabs and Muslims as central parts of the social
fabric.

 

Conclusion

It is claimed that the relationship between the Middle East and the West
(the USA included) has been marked by intervention, stereotyping, and
misunderstanding, and that it has been, unfortunately, changing for the worse
because of the double standards employed by the West and the unconditional
support for Israel. Despite this situation, a better relationship can exist if
Westerners go beyond stereotypes, adopt a balanced policy in the Middle East,
and treat Arabs and Muslims as peers. The discussion demonstrates that the
West-Middle East relationship has been lacking balance, and, thus, it has been
bringing about tension and violence, impeding understanding, furthering
separation, fuelling mistrust, and thwarting any attempt at achieving rapport.
It also shows that the way to ease tension is by Westerners’ tolerating
diversity, renouncing superiority, reconsidering their double standards, and
recognizing Arabs and Muslims as central parts of the social fabric. It has
been shown that the Western policy in the Middle East has been biased, and that
Westerners’ recognizing Middle Easterners as they are, adopting a balanced
policy, and tolerating diversity constitute a recipe for a better future
relationship.

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