US in world warThetwo major events that had an effect on the United States political, social andeconomic turning points are world war 2 and the cold war beside these, beingmajor there’s other aspects that made changes in the united states such as thewall street and industrialisation these includes new inventions and trade, butsince I will only be addressing only two major events. Me myself I feel that the main and major events wherethe world war 2 and the cold war and these events made big changes in thepolitical social and economic topicsTheentry of the United States into the World War made changes in most ofthe American lives .
Men and women entered military service. The labour of warindustries caused many Americans to moveto cities and coasts where most defence plants located.Whenthe War ended, the United States was inbetter economic condition than any other country in the world. Even the deathssuffered by Americans was worse in comparison to any other major countries Effectson politics started after World War Two when the Arms Race started . America was no longer alone , but a powerfulcountry .
During the war, the American camps increased for the Japanese astheir fear spread. The “Red Scare” began and so did the hunt forcommunists. As American has their own Wayof democracy the capitalist wayWorldWar Two had appeared to make an unprecedented threat to human living conditionsand this gave Wilson’s a vision of an international organization to keep thepeace. Organizing efforts were begun even while the war was on. theUnited Nations was officially established due to the vision of Wilson . Unlikethe League of Nations, the UN had the full support and leadership of the UnitedStates.
The Soviet Union and all the most significant nations of the world weremembers. Effectson social status changed a lot . Womenwent to work and became successful . Newinventions; minorities in sports, music and drama; fashion improvements. Theother effects where the civil rights for women and this became an issue.WorldWar Two made important changes in American lifestyle some good , others bad .
One striking change involved fashion. To conserve wool and cotton, dresses becameshorter and vests and cuffs disappeared, as did double-breasted suits, pleats,and ruffles.Evenmore significant was the increase in mobility. The war set families in motion,pulling them off of farms and out of small towns and packing them into largeurban areas. Urbanization had virtually stopped during the Depression, but thewar made the number of city dwellers increase in populationWar industriessparked the urban growth.The war had a dramatic impact on women.
The suddenappearance of large numbers of women in uniform was easily the most visiblechange. The military organized women into auxiliary units with spil uniforms.Women also substituted for men on the home front.
For the first time inhistory, married working women outnumbered single working women In1941, the overwhelming majority of the nation’s African American populationstill lived in the, primarily in rural areas. During the war, more than onemillion blacks migrated to the North twice the number during World War I andmore than two million found work in defence industries. Effects of economy forced women into theworkplace, this change ended the Great Depression and bankrupted Germany. After the war, money was in available andpeople spent more money than the past. The American Dollar was powerfulthroughout the world. American society became more affluent in the post-waryears than most Americans could have imagined in their wildest dreams before orduring the war.
Public policy, like the so-called GI Bill of Rights passed in 1944,provided money for veterans to attend college, to purchase homes, and to buyfarms. The overall impact of such policies was almost incalculable, but itcertainly aided returning veterans to better themselves and to begin formingfamilies and having children in unprecedented numbers.Notall Americans participated equally in these expanding life opportunities and inthe growing economic prosperity. The reality of overall economic prosperity andthe upward mobility it provided for many white Americans was not lost on thosewho had largely been excluded from the full meaning of the American Dream, bothbefore and after the war. As a consequence, such groups as African Americans,Hispano Americans, and American women became more aggressive in trying to win theirfull freedoms and civil rights as guaranteed by the Declaration of Independenceand US Constitution during the post-war era.Thepost-war world also presented Americans with a number of problems and issues.With their success against Germany and Japan in most Americans initially viewed their place in the post-war world withconfidence.
But within two years of the end of the war, new challenges andperceived threats had arised to confidence. By 1948, a new form ofinternational tension had emerged Cold War between the United States and itsallies and the Soviet Union and its allies. WorldWar Two drew America into bad activity and new ideas. Art, music andintellectual ideas changed. Society,politics, economy and even our culture changed and it was a permanentchange.Unfortunately, these changes were at the expense of many lives. Thecauses of the Cold War are clear.
Western democracies had always been hostileto the idea of a communist state. The United States had refused recognition tothe Russians for 16 years after the Bolshevik takeover. Finally, the SovietUnion believed in communism and America in capitalism and this separated thesecountries The rivalry was also a multifaceted affair,one of ideology and culture and political styles. The Russia’s confrontationwas, by the mid-sixties, a highly formalized conflict, attended by vastbureaucracies of arms-making and arms control, strategists for war-making andstrategists for coexistence, with universities and laboratories and institutesand manufacturers all in place to sustain it. That disruption was brandished inthe demand for an end to the nuclear madness that first expanded throughout Europe and then quickly in theUnited States. It found a soulmate of sorts in the new Soviet leader Throughouthistory the American governments made amendments to keep their country stablesuch as thein come tax amendment which was formed in 1909.
Constitution gaveCongress the right to collect income tax without basing it on population. ThisAmendment has been the target of a great deal of criticism over the last 100years, Soonafter other amendments followed. The Eighteenth Amendment effectivelyoutlawed the alcohol industry. Once theamendment was adopted, nobody could buy, sell, or manufacture alcoholic drinks;this amendment was called Prohibition.
TheTwelfth Amendment changed the way the President and the Vice President wereelected. Previously, according to Article I, Section 1, Clause 3 of theConstitution, the individual at the end of the election with the most electoralvotes became president, and the first runner up became Vice President. Well,this logic worked excellently until the election year of 1796 when Federalistcandidate John Adams was chosen as second President of the United States, andhis rival, Thomas Jefferson, became Vice President.
Due to this electionamendment good presidents and scenatorswhere elected but some made long termchanges to other nations. Inthis respect, Hiroshima and Nagasaki may have been the first shots of the ColdWar as well as the final shots of World War II. Regardless, the United Statesremains the only nation in the world to have used a nuclear weapon on anothernation. Truman stated that his decision to drop the bomb was purely military.This decision made long term out comes such as the radiation crisis the birthof disabled babies.Thecivil rights movement was a mass popular movement to secure for AfricanAmericans equal access to and opportunities for the basic privileges and rightsof U.S. citizenship.
Although the roots of the movement got back to the 19thcentury. African American men and women, along with whites, organized and ledthe movement at national and local levels. They pursued their goals throughlegal means, negotiations, petitions, and nonviolent protests . The civilrights movement was largest social movement of the 20th century in the UnitedStates. It influenced the modern women’s rights movement and the studentmovementsBythe mid-1960s, however, most eligible black voters in the South remaineddisfranchised. Following World War Two of African Americans initiated local efforts to exercise the right to votebut faced strong and sometimes violent resistance from local whites. Suchlegislation was enacted following events in Selma, Alabama.
King and the SCLCwent there in February 1965, hoping to boost a languishing voting-rights drivethat had been organized by the SNCC and local blacks. After two failedattempts, King led a march from Selma to Montgomery. Three activists lost theirlives during the Selma demonstrations, but in August 1965, President Johnsonsigned the Voting Rights Bythis time, the activists were turning their attention to race discrimination inthe urban North and West. Many younger activists, discontented with the slowprocess of change, were also becoming more militant. Most controversial werethe call for racial separatism and the principle of self-defense against whiteviolence 15 years after Brown, only 1 percent of the black students in the DeepSouth were attending public schools with whites. After a series of legal casesin the late 1960s, the federal courts finally dismantled segregated schools. Bythis time after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., in 1968; the riseof black militancy; and discernible gains in black employment opportunities thecivil rights movement had begun losing momentum.
Observers maintain that themovement has a mixed legacy. It produced major legislation that reformedAmerican society. It opened up new political, social, and economicopportunities to blacks.
TheGreat Depression challenged American families in major ways, placing greateconomic, social, and psychological difficulties and demands upon families.Millions of families lost their savings as numerous banks collapsed in theearly TheGreat Depression was the worst economic crisis in U.S. history. From 1931 to1940 unemployment was at its highest itwas always in double digits. In ten years after the crisis started , more thanone in five Americans still could not find work. On the surface World War twoseems to mark the end of the Great Depression.
TheDepression was actually ended, and prosperity restored, by the sharp reductionsin spending, taxes and regulation at the end of World War Two True,unemployment did decline at the start of World War Two. But that was astatistical residue of sending millions of young American men to fight and diein the war. Even though there were better ways to reduce unemployment.Statisticsshowed a rise in GDP during the war.
Butthat just reflects mis-defined statistical analysis. The military guns, tanks, ships, and planesproduced and counted as showing rising GDP did not reflect improved standardsof living for working people, or anyone else. Thesale prices of goods and services sold in voluntary market transactionsreflects the true value of the goods and services produced Thewining of the world war improved the standards and living conditions of Americathis changed their political,social and economic status. But America turned out to be a great supper powereven though they went through a lot of challenges they managed to overcome them