UNIVERSALITY · Step family · Grandparent family NUCLEAR


sociologists thinks that family is the basic foundation of society. It forms the most important unit of social organization and it
hard to even think of proper functioning of a society without the family. The
family is considered a much needy thing for individuals and society.
There are many types of the family in a society but nuclear family is considered
most common type. This consists of mother father with two dependent children.
George Murdock took a sample of many societies and results showed that in every
society there is some type of family. Therefore we can easily say that family
is universal as every society have family of different type.

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 Hence it is proved that the family works
together and uses its sources effectively in a society. The family provide the
individual with primary socialization or education, which makes the individual
acceptance in a society easy. Thus forming a more easily accepting and
socialized society because in family the individual learns how to communicate
and express their feelings in a way that is most acceptable in a society.
However, the family is not able to provide all the socialization the individual
needs for survival in a society. That is why we have the education system
including schools colleges’ universities and other religious centers which is
secondary socialization for the individual.

current era black family is another exception mostly in western countries like
America and the Caribbean. Where many families are led by others because the
fathers are absent in such families. This then causes the family to be a lone
single parent family. The reasons for such type are either that this family
type was common in Africa or that men were jobless so the women kept the family
by doing job and other work which mostly man do in other families.



There are following types of family in a society:

Nuclear family

Single or lone parent family

Extended family

Childless family

Step family

Grandparent family


The nuclear family is the traditional type of family
in a society. This family resolve around two parents, mother father and their
children. Its only contain two parents (mother and father) and children. It actually
revolve around a married couple. It can have any of number of Children.
Different sociologist have different opinions: some of them only counts those
children who are totally blood siblings while other also include adopted and
step children.In nuclear family, environment is more comfortable for
children as they can easily share their problems with their parents without any
restrictions. They are more close to their parents and a friendly relationship
is developed between them. Parents give priority of their time to children. According
to U.S. almost 70 % of children tends to live in a nuclear family unit.


The single parent family
is a type in which one parent raise one or more children on his own. Often, a
single parent family is a mother with her children. Single parent families are
mostly close and they work together to solve their problems, such as dividing
up household chores in between children. Keeping in view its many benefits
single parent family have some disadvantages like health care of children, as
there is only one parent who usually is working. But it
also have some negative points as it is difficult for a single parent to
fulfill the expenses so it will become necessary for a single parent to do some
sort of work. Because of it a single parent can’t give a proper time to
children automatically interaction will be less and communication gap will be
increased. Relationships will become more complicated. Children will become
frustrated and a sense of loneliness will be develop in them.



In which each member of the family live together.
These members includes Grandparents, uncles, aunties, and a lot of cousins. In
joint family system mostly houses have one kitchen so they cook together by
sharing each other’s recipes and burden. They eat together and in most of
families during dinner important issues and problems are discussed. Elders
discuss these problems keeping their experience in view to solve these issues
more easily by their experience and intelligence


Most of people thinks that families mainly consists of
children without children there is no concept of family but there are many
families who do not have children or they do not want children. Some benefits
of this family are: parents can spend more time with each another. They can
also complete their study easily without having child. Their expenses will be
low, they can spend more on themselves with less responsibilities. It has also
some negative points: when they face criticism from other people for not having
a child they will started frustrated and clashes are often found in them. Their
relationship weakens with time.



this new era most of the marriage results in divorce and they consider in
remarriage to move on to life resulting in emergence of step family. There
will be more understanding between such couple as they already faced so many
tragedies in their previous life that now they can make any time of effort to
save their relationship. Stepfamilies needs to learn methods of working
together in harmony and also working with their ex to ensure these family units
run perfectly.


this era due to many problems and issues many grandparents have to raise their
grandchildren in a society.  It is
estimated that out of fourteen one child is raised by his grandparents, because
the parents are not available for raising a child it may be due parents’ death,
some addiction, abandonment or being unfit parents. Many grandparents have to
face hardship in order to raise children perfectly and smoothly they may have
to work to ensure finance assistant.



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