One of these comedies is the Story of Mullah Ebrahim Khalil, The Alchemist. Qrachedaghi references in the debut of ‘The Alchemist ‘ drama how it can be utile for all, particularly for kids. The drama placed two characters in opposite places. Mullah Ebrahim Khalil is a prankster who cheats people to do gold by his alchemist cognition. Pitted against him is a poet who decries the alchemist and attempts to do the people aware that the existent gold is wisdom and art. There is non much information available about Qrachedaghi. The approximative twelvemonth of birth is considered 1871. The small information we have today gives the undermentioned background: He was Secretary of Jalalodin Mirza who was one of the Qajar princes. After Prince Jalaloddin ‘s decease, Qrachedaghi shifted into the ‘Edareh Entebaat ‘ ( Ministry of printing ) as a Turkish transcriber. ‘Edareh Entebaat ‘ was a centre established for publications and the first authorities newspaper was printed in 1898 on the order of Naser Al-din Shah. Later, in 1908 censoring became one of the of import functions of ‘EdarehEntebaat ‘ . Qrachedaghi was a reformist and had a strong relationship with other Persian reformists of that clip.
Qrachedaghi collected all the six dramas of Akhundzadeh and placed them in one large book called ‘Tamsilat ‘ ( Allegories ) . Akhundzadeh wrote a grateful missive to him after the interlingual rendition of his comedies. The last book Qrachedaghi translated was ‘George Dandin ou le Mari Confondu ‘ a comedy by Molier. The drama originally in French was translated to Turkish and so translated from Turkish to Persian in 1929.[ 1 ]
Get downing of Children ‘s Theatre in Iran
Behrooz Gharibpoor who is a modern-day manager of Children ‘s Theatre, references in the book ‘International Guide to Children ‘s Theatre and Educational Theatre ‘ edited by Lowell Swortzell that ‘Although Story ( The Alchemist by Akhondzadeh ) is non a kids ‘s drama, as such it is by and large considered the beginning of kids ‘s theater in Iran ‘ .[ 2 ]Gharibpoor considers kids ‘s theater in Iran started from 1829, concluding when Akhondzadeh wrote the ‘Alchemist drama ‘ . Hence, it could be considered as the beginning of kids ‘s theater.
Gharibpoor born in 1950 in Sanandaj ( It is a metropolis in northwesterly Iran, the capital of the Kordestan state ) . He graduated from the Department of Fine Arts at the ‘University of Tehran ‘ . He is a author, transcriber and manager of kids ‘s theater. At present, he works as director of Puppet Theatre Center at the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.
The 2nd writer discussed by Behrooz Gharibpoor was Abdolrahim Najarzadeh or ‘Talbov ‘ . He is considered a innovator Persian kids ‘s dramatist, and although he did non ab initio intend to compose dramas, his success with the genre is recognized as a important measure frontward for kids ‘s play and theater in Iran ‘ .[ 3 ]
Najarzadeh is the writer of the drama ‘Ahmad ‘s Book ‘ ( Ketab e Ahmad ) . He wrote all of his plants after the age of 55. He had by so attained a grade of fiscal security that enabled him to give the following 21 old ages of his life to composing and interpreting from Russian into Iranian. He was born in the Sorkhab territory of Tabriz in Iran in 1834. He immigrated to Tiflis where he attended school and studied modern scientific disciplines and Russian literature. He was an Persian rational and societal reformist.
With the exclusion of his last two books, all of his plants were published by the writer on his ain disbursal. During his life-time, two of Najarzadeh plants, viz. ‘Ketab vitamin E Ahmad ‘ or ‘Safineh Ye Talebi ‘ ( Ahmad ‘s Book or the Talibian Vessel ) and ‘Masalek al Mohsenin ‘ ( The Ways of the Charitable ) , achieved great distinction.
‘Masalek Al Mohsenin ‘ is a narrative of the head, its travels far and broad dauntlessly, unhampered. It tells about the imaginativeness of the head faraway and to the deferrals of the head. The book describes the geographic expedition and waking up of a group of immature work forces on their manner to the ‘Damavand Mountain ‘ for scientific intents. The writer cleverly discusses the ethical motives, beliefs, thoughts, society, humanity through these immature work forces and their journey. Therefore, the subject of the narrative is similar to ‘Ketab e Ahmad ‘ .[ 4 ]
‘Ketab vitamin E Ahmad ‘ , which consists of two volumes, was inspired by Jean Jacques Rousseau ‘s piece of land on instruction ( Rousseau was a major Genevan philosopher, author, and composer of eighteenth century Romanticism ) . The book is based on conversations between the writer and his fictional seven-year-old boy, Ahmad, whose searching and speculative head compels his male parent to spread out on a broad scope of scientific, historical, political and spiritual subjects. The book is in the signifier of a drama as it is a duologue between the characters of male parent and boy. The significance of the book lies in the writer ‘s effort to present modern scientific thoughts in simplified Irani that was supposed to be comprehendible to the bulk of those Persians who could talk and read the linguistic communication. Furthermore, by showing Western scientific thought as the most valid and legitimate signifier of cognition with significant practical benefits.
Najarzadeh besides called into inquiry the cogency of spiritual cognition and with it the traditional function of the ‘Shia clergy ‘ as the exclusive owners of rational authorization. It is non surprising, hence, that outstanding members of the Mullah denounced the book as anti-Islam and its writer as a heretic. Gharibpoor says this book could be utile for teaching kids and immature people. The book is in the signifier of a drama as it is a duologue between the characters of male parent and boy.[ 5 ]
The formative period ( 1920-46 ) , initial efforts to better reading stuffs for kids were closely connected with educational reform. In the 1920-30 a figure of bookmans and instructors were officially assigned to fix text editions for simple and secondary schools, covering a scope of capable affair from graded direction in the Iranian linguistic communication to history, geographics, literature, behavior, and the natural scientific disciplines. They often consulted course of study used in European states ; for illustration, in the pick of poesy to be included, the most of import standards were relevancy of subject and lucidity of linguistic communication. Many of these reformists prepared illustrated narratives, games, poesy, and dramas, guided by what was so known about kid psychological science. Mirza Jabbar Asgarzadeh, who established the first kindergarten in Tabriz, was the first to compose books for immature people on the footing of his experience with kids.