The leader offers rewards or punishment for the performance of desired behaviour and the completion of task.
This type of leadership may result among the followers the act of admitting, but unlikely the commitment to the task. Transformational leadership..
This type of leadership based on inspiration, trustworthy, loyalty and admiration of followers towards the leader, rather then ruling them.Transformational leadership focus on intangible qualities such as visions, shared values and ideas in order to build relation ship, giving larger meaning to separate activities and provide common ground in order to engage the followers in the change process. The single biggest way to impact on an organisation’s performance is to focus on leadership development.
Whether a firm is lead in an autocratic, democratic, is reliant upon the culture, structure and task of the specific organisation.A transformational approach to leadership is a process of increasing motivation and commitment, generating a vision for an organisation. This is the authoritarian style of leadership. This approach is best for a type of organisation, which is capable of fast, radical change. Transformational leaders motivate followers to do more than is originally expected.
This style of leadership is often desired. A transformational leader motivates followers to do more than originally expected and the extent of transformation measures in terms of the leader’s effects on followers.On the other hand Transactional leadership is based on legitimate authority within the bossy structure of the organisation. The emphasis is on the clarification of goals and objectives, work task and outcomes, and organisational rewards and punishments.
In contrast to transformational leadership, transactional leadership appeals to the self-interest of followers. It is based on relationship of mutual dependence and an exchange process of “Do as I say and you will get a raise. ” (Reward) or “Meet this quota or you will get fired.
” (Punishment).These is extrinsic motivators which bring only minimal compliance from followers. Some followers will supply their own internal (intrinsic) motivation such as pride in their work, but this is a matter of chance. but unlike some contingency theories, cannot be used in all circumstances, and is can only be compatible with a firm striving on fast development, whilst creating a feeling of loyalty and trust. It is possible that different types of leadership will be most desire at different Stages of a business. Also the situational approach of a contingency style of leadership canbe seen as a preferable, human relations based method of leadership, as this type of leadership is most likely to increase job satisfaction, in turn improving work performance.
Being one of the most predominant styles of leadership, democratic style of leadership is more likely to produce effective group performance. However, there is no one best style of leadership. Different types of leadership may also be needed at different stages of business. Effective leaders use a collection of distinct styles, in the right measure, at the right time, such as…We understand that motivation is part of human resource management, and Human resource management is one of the most important sections for organization and management. Therefore, the motivation is one of the most important reasons for employees and employers to improve their work in the company According to the diagram above, to be a effective leader you must have these five qualities in you and most important among them is team motivation.
To achieve the organisation goals and targets as a leader you cannot do it on your own and you need your teams’ full support.