Title this text is going to use “death

Title

People are executed by the state every day. The kind of crimes
punishable by death differs from country to country. Some crimes punishable by
death are: adultery, apostasy, treason, espionage and murder. By the end of
2016, 104 countries had completely abolished the death penalty and 141
countries have abolished it by law or in practice. Countries who have abolished
the death sentence by practice have not executed anyone in the last 10 years,
but they have not removed the law. However, the death penalty is still an
active means of punishment in a lot of countries. In which way can the UN and
other international organizations influence actions like this? The first part
of the text is going to discuss (SKRIV
NOKKE OM STRUKTUREN TIL TEKSTEN??)

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(general info??/facts??/history??)

The Cambridge Dictionary defines the death penalty as “the legal
punishment of death for a crime”.  One
can also use “capital punishment”, however, this text is going to use “death
penalty” instead. There are many methods of executions. Methods like lethal
injection, hanging, beheading, electrocution and death by a firing squad are
the most used. Hanging are the most common authorized method of execution,
death by firing squad comes in second and, surprisingly, stoning in third
place. Even though stoning is legal by law, does not mean that it is the most
common method in those countries. The majority elucidates that they only use
stoning for particular crimes, such as adultery, rape, incest and homosexual
relations/sodomy.

 

One would like to think that Norway was fast and early in the game of
abolishing the death penalty. However, this is not the reality. Although it is
true that there are a lot of countries who abolished the penalty after Norway,
who abolished it in 1979, there are those who abolished it before. Norway was
the 15th country in Europe to eradicate the death penalty and the
last of the Nordic countries. Venezuela is considered the first country, who
still exists, to completely put an end to the death penalty. They abolished it
as early as in 1863, and were closely followed by San Marino, 1865, and Costa
Rica, 1877. The latest countries to abolish the death penalty are Nauru and
Benin, who abolished it in 2016, and Mongolia, abolished it in 2017.

 

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Today, 55 countries, have still not abolished the death penalty. 2015
had shockingly high numbers of executions compared to 2014, at least 1634
people were executed, and three countries, Iran, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia,
were responsible for 89% of them. These figures however, cannot include China,
as the number of executions there remains a state secret. is estimated that
thousands are executed yearly there. IDK FØLE IKKJE FOR Å SKRIVE MEIR OM DITTA RN SKRIV MEIR SEINERE

 

The death penalty is something many people have strong opinions about.
Some argue that the death penalty serves as a deterrent to crime. However, statistics
from countries who have abolished the death penalty, show that crime have not
increased. Additionally, in some of the countries, the crime rate has actually
gone down. Another argument in favor of the death penalty, may be that it is
justice.