This is any act that causes injures or

This report talks about how intimate partner violence (IPV) must be
more heard of in communities so people could find ways to help the abused
people. There are different forms of IPV that could take place either one or
more than one at the same time. And since IPV carry many consequences, people
must raise awareness about such topic. With all the digital advances we have,
such thing is easy to get viral and make people know about it. Also,
governments must help the abused partner for defending themselves rather than
throwing them in jail. And by letting others know, the abused partner would be
encouraged to ask for help, the government would realize that it’s a serious
issue that must be controlled, non-profit organizations can help those who escape
such a relation and don’t have anyone to go to, and then the abuser would feel
weak because the government would actually punish them and the abused partner
will have more power to stand against the abuser.

 

 

      There are countless
issues and problems nowadays that people can’t avoid or handle anymore. But
there are always some steps and points that would minimize any problem.
However, some problems are harder to handle than others. Such as intimate
partner violence (IPV), which is a common issue all around the world. It is domestic
violence when a partner abuses the other, includes the forms of physical,
sexual, and emotional abuse. And it is more of a form of an attempt to gain
control, not losing control as most people might think.

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      In 48 population-based
surveys from around the world, 10-69% of women reported being physically and/or
sexually assaulted by an intimate male partner at some point in their lives.
Physical abuse is any act that causes injures or trauma by a way of bodily
contact. While sexual abuse is undesired sexual behavior by one person upon
another. In Lebanon, domestic violence is a subject that is still taboo in
Lebanese society. In 2009, however, a photographer and women’s rights activist,
Dalia Khamissy produced, with nine other women, an exhibition of photographs,
“Behind the Doors: Through the Eyes of Women Survivors of Violence,” which has
served to highlight the problem in the country. But this is just a way to shed
the light on the problem so that people would be more aware and try to minimize
it.

      There are some factors
that increase the likelihood of committing violence. First, there are the
individual factors. It includes heavy alcohol use. When a person drinks, he
would lose control of himself and won’t be able to think straight. So, if any
simple misunderstanding takes place, he would burst and would hit his partner
or use bad language with her. Also, the desire to be the dominant partner in a
relationship. Some men think that they must control the whole relationship and
women do not have the right to argue them or give their opinion on any decision
taken. And having a history of abusive family as a child would play a big role.
Some would suffer from a bad relation with their parents because they would
take out all the anger inside them on the child.

Or, the child would watch his father hitting the mother all the
time and talking to her in a bad way, so he would start to believe that it is a
normal thing and he want to become a strong man like his father. Second, there
are community and societal factors. That includes low social and economic
status of women. If the woman does not have many friends or social life,
doesn’t work, or might got married at a young age, her partner would take
advantage of such situations because it means she’s weak and has no one to go
to. It also includes broad social acceptance of violence as a way to resolve
conflicts which makes males feel more powerful and are capable of anything. In
some societies, almost all, gender inequality takes place and a lot believe
that men have the right to control which leads to lack of women rights.
Finally, there are relationship factors which includes conflict or
dissatisfaction in a relationship, economic stress, and sometimes women having
higher level of education than her partner. All these factors may increase the
risk of both victimization of women and perpetration by men.

      Violence carries with
it many consequences which are injury and physical health, mental health and
suicide, and sexual and reproductive health. Physical damages include bruises,
broken bones, sight and hearing damage and many others. From so much beating, a
woman can suffer not just from one of these injuries, but 2 or more. Whereas
for mental health, the abuser would want his partner to feel useless and
deprive her from self-confidence. That’s why a lot of women would suffer from
depression and anxiety, and would sometimes think about suicide. They would
feel so weak and not able to do anything about it so they start to think that
ending their life is better than staying in such a relationship.  And sexual and reproductive health including
unintended and unwanted pregnancy, abortion (sometimes unsafe abortion), and
sexually transmitted infections including HIV.

      There are some
situations that makes the abused partner think that they are not in danger or
they are not even being abused at all. For example, if the incidents of
physical abuse have only occurred once or twice in a relationship doesn’t mean
that they are not being abused. Because if the abuser could do it once, he
would keep repeating the same action over and over again. Also, some women
believe that if they just gave up their rights and listened to whatever the
abuser wants they would accept their lives and would feel the “victory”. But
the truth is that they don’t have to give up anything just for not being
abused. Others would even think that if there are no physical abuse then they
are not living in an abusive relationship. Where in fact, emotional and verbal abuse
might cause same harm, or more, as the physical abuse. That’s why people must
be more aware. Since the first step for preventing violence and getting help is
recognizing the signs of abuse.

      What we always think
about when someone mentions intimae partner violence is that “why don’t women
leave violent partners?”. “What takes them so long to realize they must
leave?”. Women who experience such thing are the only ones who could answer
such question. Because seeing things from far is so different than being in it
and experiencing it. However, most people believe that there are common reasons
that women do not leave. First, a lack of social support. The abuser may
isolate his partner from her support network including friends and family, so
she would be scared and hesitate to reach out for them or even feel that there
is no one she can trust anymore. Second, limited financial resources. Which
more than half of women who experience domestic violence fear of not being able
to finance themselves or sometimes partners would have a joint bank account so
it’s hard to break free. Third reason would be minimal work experience. Some
women decide to be a housewife instead of working or studying, or even not
allowed to have a steady job. And it is difficult to find a job that pays well
so she could escape,

especially if there’s children. Finally, the fear of being alone.
Some victims believe that no one will accept them anymore, especially because
of how society thinks, that if a woman got divorced she won’t get married again
and that idea would scare her. So, they feel that staying in an abusive
relation better than being left alone.

      Some victims will reach
a point where they start to think of killing their partner rather than
themselves. In many cases, when the victim finally stands up for herself, it
would be in a very aggressive way which may lead to the death of her abuser. In
many cases, the victim will be punished with prison. Because in many countries,
police, prosecutors, and judges didn’t take such an issue as a serious one, and
they thought that domestic violence is something personal and that should
remain a secret inside a house and not spoken in public. That’s why when a
victim might kill, they see it as murder and not self-defense.

      However, there are some
ways to prevent and respond to intimate partner violence. First of all, empower
women socially and economically. Combining microfinance with gender-equality is
an effective way to reduce intimate partner violence. In which women would be empowered
and treated equally as men so men won’t feel that they have more power than
women and that they can control them. Second, reform legal frameworks. That
includes strengthening women’s civil rights and making the police take the
necessary actions against such violence. Finally, use community mobilization
and behavior change communication. Nowadays, social media is basically our
entire life, so people would raise awareness through ads on television or pages
on different applications that posts enough information to encourage people to
help those who suffer from such issue and to highlight how intimate partner
violence could be minimized or prevented. Such actions are not always useful
because there will always be men who think they control everything and
everyone, or even women, which is rarely happens, to control men. And it’s not
easy to convince people,

and it takes a lot of time. But it’s better than doing nothing and
letting all these women and children get abused.

      People must at least try to understand
that it is so difficult for women to live such a life and that it’s unfair for
many. But those who raise awareness and believe that such violence is so
harmful and so not okay, must always encourage people to stand against it and
remind them about it from time to time so a change would really take place and
not get ignored like many other social issues

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