The uprising of violent battles in March 2011,

The
Syrian refugee crisis gained the title of the largest humanitarian crisis in
the world today not only because it negatively impacts the Syrians citizens
within the nation but also because of violation of human rights that persists
throughout the conflict.

March 2011, as a part of the Arab Spring, a group of Pro-democracy
protestors rose against the Syrian government in the southern city of Deraa. It
was reported that some teenagers painted revolutionary slogans on a school
walls, who were eventually caught and tortured. Security forces, after
encountering the protest, open fired on the protestors and killed multiple protestors;
this tragic event led more and more people to the streets to fight against
President Assad and his government. Hundreds of thousands of Syrian citizens started
to demand President Assad to resign, clashing with the security forces that
continuously used violence to resolve the issue. As the protest got more intense,
the protestors started to arm themselves and fight back.

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Since the
uprising of violent battles in March 2011, both forces started to clash continuously
over the control of cities, towns, and countryside. Continuous fighting not
only destroyed the civilian living quarters and medication centers but also
threatened the citizens to leave the city and find shelter in different
regions; some were internally displaced and some fled to neighboring countries
such as Turkey, Lebanon, Iraq, and Jordan. 190,000 men, women, and children
killed, triggering more and more people to evacuate Syria for peace and basic living
conditions. According to reports, an estimate of 11.6 million Syrian citizens had
to leave their homes, and the number is still escalating up till this day.

The humanitarian
situation in Syria has been deteriorating since the start of the civil war due
to high levels of violence, intensified battles, disregard of international
laws and obligation to protect Syrian citizens, and human rights violation
committed by all parties. Continuous efforts to negotiate a ceasefire have
failed to tackle the issue. With their education systems, healthcare centers,
and other infrastructures shattered to pieces, 13.5 million people in Syria are
desperately in need for humanitarian aid: 6.5 million are displaced, 4.6
million people in hard-to-reach areas, including over 480,000 besieged. Though
international organizations are finding measures to reach into Syria to provide
humanitarian aid, the ever-increasing number of active conflicts has often disrupted
supply roads and forced humanitarian organizations to stop their operations or deduct
the size. Especially in Yarmouk, a suburb of Damascus, the Syrian army has
blocked all entry of food and water, goods, and medical supplies that were
supposed to be provided to the 250,000 besieged civilians who are on the blink
of starvation.

Syrian children,
the future of Syria, have missed their opportunities to receive education, lost
their loved ones at an early age, suffered from injuries, diseases, and
malnutrition, and saw the brutality and violence of a civil war. Furthermore,
those children who lost their parents and bounded in Syria are being recruited
as child soldiers to serve as human shields and supports. Refugee children in
different nations aren’t under the best condition either; children are
especially exposed to sexual abuses, including molestation in unprotected and packed
living conditions.

It was reported
that 11.6 million Syrian civilians were forced to leave their homes due to the
presence of an armed conflict. Of the 11.6 million civilians who fled, about
7.6 million are sheltering within Syria while 4 million refugees are in other
countries. 95 % of the 4 million refugees sought shelter in Turkey, Lebanon,
Iraq, Jordan, and Egypt, all of which are neighboring countries of Syria.
Turkey currently has accepted the largest number of refugees, hosting about
2.75 million registered refugees within its borders. Though hosting these
desperate refugees is helpful, the negative consequences of hosting have long
been an issue for the hosting community.

As refugees arrive
in neighboring countries, especially Turkey, social effects such as “the
increase in polygamy, a higher divorce rates because of polygamy, women and
child abuse, social and sectarian polarization and urban sprawl” (Effects of
the Syrian Refugees on Turkey, 16) negatively impact both the refugees and the
locals. For example, the inflows of a large population of refugees in certain
cities have caused feelings of insecurity among the local citizens.

Economic impacts
on the hosting nations are crucial aspects to take into consideration. With the
sudden increase in population, demand for basic food products and houses rose,
automatically raising the prices of the products and rents. Due to higher
rental prices, locals either have to pay a higher price or leave. Average
inflation in major cities that accepted refugees had negative effects on the
local citizens. Furthermore, the use of Syrian refugees in the industry,
businesses, and agriculture as cheap, illegal workers has increased
unemployment within the local community. The rise of Syrian shops, bakeries,
and shoe manufacturers does contribute to the local economy; however, these
businesses are predominantly illegal, creating an unfair competition between
the local businesses and the Syrian businesses.

Despite
the countless solutions presented to solve the humanitarian issue, the
situation in Syria has been deteriorating since the start of the civil war due
to high levels of violence, intensified battles, disregard of international
laws, and human rights violation committed by all parties. Throughout the
years, more and more people have suffered because of neglection and
indifference. I aim to shed light on this issue and acknowledge the inhumane
conditions these people face.

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