The Greek people and their way of life.

 

The
Acropolis of Athens reveals information about the people of Greece, how they
lived, their interests, and what they believed in. The many different building
in the acropolis reveal different pieces of information about the Ancient Greek
people and their way of life. The Building in general show us the iconic
architectural style used by the Greeks (and the Romans) which can be seen
through almost all ancient ruins and buildings in Greece, the classic Pillar
design which can be categorised in three main styles Doric, Ionic and
Corinthian which are all gathered from the lips of the massive columns
surrounding most ancient Greek buildings. The sculptures on the walls (friezes)
show us the events surrounding the goddess Athena (in who the city was named
after) which help archaeologists of this site find out important information
about Athenian myth, memory, values and identity can be identified in these
friezes. The aspects of society that are shown in the Acropolis are the
entertainment sides shown through some of the building including the Theatre of
Dionysus and the Odeum of Herodes Atticus which we know were used to put on
theatrical plays and musical performances. The Acropolis shows the Religious
beliefs through the temples and buildings in the acropolis as well these
include, The Parthenon which is a temple dedicated to Athena the patron of the
city, religious evidence can also be shown in the Erechtheion which is another
temple devoted to not only Athena but the Poseidon the God of the Sea, and the Temple
of Athena Nike. The Temple of Asclepius (also known as the Asclepieion) is a
building dedicated to the Asclepius the god of medicine, the building is said
to consist of an infirmary, in this infirmary patients would have to go through
purification stages, make sacrifices and after these stages they would sleep in
the temple and have a dream where if they were lucky the god himself will show
himself however in this state it is said that they would be treated. The Sanctuary
of  Zues Polieus which was an open-air
sanctuary devoted to the God of Thunder Zeus, the eastern section of the
sanctuary was said to house oxen which were used for the Bouphonia that was an
annual festival held in honour of Zeus, in which an ox was sacrificed at an
altar on the highest point of the acropolis. The Acropolis of Athens shows us
that the people of ancient Greece were very respectful of the Greek gods and
were most likely a very crucial part of their lives, this can be shown through
the massive temples being built devoted entirely to different gods. These can
be shown through the alter of Athena Polias which was associated with the
ancient cult Athena Polias meaning Athena of the city, during the Panathenia
festival which was a festival held every four years dedicated to the goddess of
Athena, a large number of cows would be sacrificed on this altar, they would
then burn the meat and feed it to the people of Athens as a big shared meal.  

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