The gradual shift of population away from rural

world has experienced numerous disasters in recent years each of which has
displaced hundreds of thousands of families from their home and killed tens of
thousands of people. Every year disasters affect the lives of people by
destroying property and their livelihood on which they depend to support
themselves. Disaster management involves pre disaster interventions, immediate
response and post disaster recovery. After a disaster, community and local
institutions take initiatives to recover and rebuild their lives using their
own indigenous knowledge, skill and resources. The process is termed as
recovery. Recovery is the process of returning people’s live to normal in a way
so that they become more resilient to future disasters. It involves residents
rebuilding homes or seeking new accommodations, utilities and public agencies
repairing infrastructure and facilities and households learning to cope with
new experiences. The progress of recovery process depends on the situation
beforehand and the resilience of their resources to withstand the adverse
impacts of a disaster. Some community recovers quickly while others may take
more time. Disaster recovery is a part of emergency management which includes
prevention, preparedness and response. Bangladesh is seeing a gradual shift of
population away from rural areas to urban slums. Consequently livelihoods of
the poor, and recovery from disasters, are dependent on access to wage labor
and non-land resources such as credit. A large proportion of the population in
high-risk areas is comprised of poor landless households. The socio-economic
conditions of these people also influence their recovery after a disaster. It
is both the frequency and intensity of major disasters that is of relevance to
the recovery of poorer households. Currently, there is an attempt to integrate
vulnerability, disaster and recovery in national planning documents. In
Bangladesh, the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) is the focal
point for all activities relating to disaster relief and recovery. Bangladesh
has set an example in effective disaster management including the development
of National Plan for disaster Management, Standing Orders on Disasters etc.
Disasters have differentiated impacts and different post disaster needs. We
must ensure our focus to the people at the center of the crises, moving beyond
short-term, supply-driven response towards demand-driven outcomes reducing need
and vulnerability.


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