The system of discipline in eachrole-play station openly controls the children’s play, reforming their way ofthinking. The discipline is manifested in the process of play through thepresence of supervisors (called as Zupervisors),number of children allowed per session, timetables, and specific steps tofollow during the play. Foucault explained that discipline constantly restrictshow the body moves and operates by space and time regulation and division. Thebody movements, and the familiarity of space and time are prescribed.
Disciplinary power is consists of three basic elements: (1) hierarchicalobservation, (2) normalization, and (3) examination.For instance is the burger shop. Thesetting is a kitchen with utensils, sink, racks and countertops. Each role-playstation cannot be accessed freely according to the child’s preferred time. Theburger shop can accommodate a maximum of 12 children only. The first twelvelining up outside the station can only go inside after the previous sessionfinishes, and when the supervisor instructed them to do so. The rest of thechildren lining up will have to wait longer, or they will be advised to tryother role-play for the mean time.
Timetables then coerce children to not wastetime, and to focus on following the instructions given. As described in theprocess of play in Chapter 2, children must first greet the supervisor, thenintroduce themselves one by one. There is a formal hierarchy between thesupervisor and the children. Then they will be instructed step by step on howto prepare a burger.
The first step is to wear the designated uniform (an apronand a hair cap), and then wash their hands for cleanliness and hygiene. Whenthe children stand in front of the countertop, they must stand on theirdesignated space. Their body is positioned in a certain way, and they mustfocus on doing their task. They cannotdo their role-play freely. They cannot prepare the burger close to each other.They must stay on their individual space. The presence of a disciplinary powerarranges the body, and make it focus on performing a single role, emphasizingindividuality. Although they play together, their attention is fully fixated oncompleting their own task.
The completed activity is also assessedindividually, resulting to children’s competitiveness to do a better job thanthe others. They are not isolated physically, but psychologically. They mustfollow each step exactly as specified in the instruction card shown by thesupervisor. This includes preparing the packaging, placing the bottom bun, thenthe cream cheese, lettuce, patty, tomatoes, cheese, pickles, ketchup, top bun,and lastly, wrapping the burger properly.
In this setup, the main purpose ofthe adult in-charge is to train, and of the child is to obey. In other words,the supervisor is the disciplinary power, and the child is the docile body.Every action of the child is monitored all throughout the session, ensuringthat the job role-playing activity is performed correctly.
If the child was notable to follow, s/he will be corrected immediately. The time period and length,the body movement, and the steps of role-play are already prescribed andimposed.