The two-storey building required to build the new office islocated in Church Lane, in the village of Headley.
Headley sits in the NorthDowns, which is in Surrey, England. During this whole report, I am going totalk about how this building meets the requirements of sustainable development.Sustainability is the aspiration to accomplish activitieswithout draining or using up resources or having the effect where somethingharmful is created.
In other words, its meeting our needs now the right way withoutit effecting the forthcoming generation’s needs. Natural Features tobe protectedFeatures of the natural environment that need protecting isone of the major topics discussed in sustainability. Air quality is a featurethat needs protecting. The way air quality effects the environment around theoffice building is that due to it being in a rural area, smog and air pollutionare at a minimal due to the significant decrease in the amount of cars, roadsand nuclear plants in the surrounding area compared to the urban environment.
Another feature involved is the green belt. The Green belt is an area of greenland where no construction or development is allowed. The new development inHeadley is surrounded by a huge area of Green belt where that area is protectedand no construction/development is permitted. So the construction of the newdevelopment should not extend into this area of land.Protection byLegislation and AuthoritiesThe decrease of operational CO2 emissions from buildings is a crucialsustainable construction aim in the UK. The United Kingdom Government haveestablished an ambitious and legitimate goal to decrease national greenhousegas emissions by a minimum of 80% by 2050 with an in-between target of a 34% declineby 2020 (against a 1990 baseline). Furthermore, the Energy Performance ofBuildings Directive (EPBD) obliges all new buildings to be ‘nearlyzero energy’ by Dec 2020.
EU Directives arerequired to be used and acknowledged during the project. A legal act of the EU (European Union) whichneeds member states to accomplish a certain result without dictatingthe means of achieving that result is called a Directive. Under the Kyoto protocol of 1997, the European Union was obligedto make greenhouse gas deduction of 8%, for example, to reduce its yearlyemissions by 330 million tonnes by 2008-2012. The first EnergyPerformance of Buildings Directive wasa main response to this target. When the Directive was implemented in Dec 2002there were 160 million buildings in the European Union, and it was anticipatedthat the Directive could deliver 45 million tonnes of carbon dioxide reductionby 2010. By 2007, the European Union had been devoted to even stricter targets andspecific Member States had fixed their own national targets.
It was known straightaway that therewas a necessity to reinforce the Directive with more in-depth and rapidimplementation. At the same stage, it was recognized that there had been an extensiverange of responses from Member States to the provisions of the first Directive.Therefore, the 2nd directive (known as the ‘recast EPBD’ or EPBD-2) was enrolledand implemented in May 2010, efficiently replacing the original.A few provisions of the recast Directive are:§ Property advertisements in commercialmedia to include details of the Energy Performance Certificate rating whereavailable§ Display Energy Certificates to beissued and displayed in buildings larger than 500m2 that areoccupied by a public authority and frequently visited by the public. Thisthreshold will fall to 250m2 after 5 yearsProtection by ManagementWhen companies want to measure their progress towards theirgoal, they use Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s) which helps companies out alot. KPI’s are thought of as a vital component in calculating success of a business.KPI’s are only effective when the establishment’s goal is clear.
EnvironmentalImpact Assessment (EIA) is a procedure of calculating the possible environmental effectsof a planned project, while also evaluating the social, economic, cultural andhuman-health impacts. The process of Environmental Impact Assessment has fivesteps to take in. The first step called Screening.
Screening involveswhether a planned project comes under the remit of the Regulations, whether itis possible to have a major effect on the surroundings and consequentlyrequires an assessment. The next step involved is scoping, which is to recognise which possible impactsare significant to assess based on parliamentary requirements, internationalconventions, expert knowledge and public involvement. The applicant couldcontact the local council for their views on what information or details thatneed to be included which is known as a scoping opinion. Preparing an Environmental statement is thethird step and that is to predict and classify the possibleenvironmental effects of a future/planned project or development, including thedetailed explanation of other options.
The next step is writing up the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) or EIA report,the consulting governing body and the public should get the chance to givetheir opinion about the statement and environmental report. Decision-making is another step, in whichthey decide whether to green light the scheme or not, and underwhat conditions. Communication is a majorfactor in any design team, improves the quality of the project and reduces therisk of any major mistakes and incidents in the construction site.
SustainableTechniquesIn the UK, the most homes, offices and vehiclesare powered using gas and electricity. To attain gas and electricity, you haveto burn fossil fuels that are not sustainable. Burning fossil fuels contributesto the greenhouse effect due to burning of the fuels to create gas/electricityand then gases are that are harmful to our atmosphere are released into theair. Manufacturing Electricitycreates the main share of greenhouse gas emissions. Most of the electricitycomes from burning fossil fuels, mostly coal and natural gas. Greenhouse gas productionsfrom transportation predominantly come from burning fossil fuel for our cars,trucks, ships, trains, and planes. Over 90 percent of the fuel used fortransportation is petroleum based, which includes