is a practice in which an employee works away from his or her job location,
especially works from home. The employee keeps a close communication network
with his or her employer to ensure smooth flow of work (He & Hu, 2015). Technology
is highly embraced in telecommuting. Some of the technological tools used to
facilitate Telecommutation include;
generally employers should consider this option of telecommuting for its
employees since it has many advantages over its demerits. Here are some of the
productive workers work from their homes unlike their colleagues in the office.
This is because the telecommuting workers have more time to work compared to
the office-based ones. The time used when preparing for job, traffic jams and
office settling, could have been used for production towards achieving the
organization’s goals of productivity.
By encouraging the
workers to work from their areas of comfort, the organization is highly
guaranteed of higher production.
Flexible work options reduce turnover
depend on office-based employees are likely to part with them any short time of
service. This becomes expensive for the organization in recruiting and training
new staffs now and then. What facilitates leaving of employees from the
organization can be;
Ø Office squabbles –
In most times, offices are full of squabbles either between the employee and
the employer or with fellow employees. Regular office physical contacts
contribute to this.
insufficiencies – It is expensive to commute from home to job and thus it needs
a higher pay. When it becomes hard for the employee to be sustained by the
salary he/she gets, the worker will automatically quit the job
tries to look for ways in which it can retain its employees. Telecommuting can
help this by a recognizable margin (Noonan & Glass, 2012). This is because, according to statistics
the flexible and telecommuting workers are more comfortable and thus the
company can retain them for long. This greatly boosts the organization’s
ability to grow in its mission to achieving progressive production needed.
Flexible work options improve morale
workers have been confirmed to be healthier and emotionally settled as compared
to their fellow office-based workers. This is because they feel considered by
the organization on the following basis;
Ø Trust – The
employees feel much encouraged that their bosses have a complete trust in them
that they can work from home and deliver to their best under the least supervision.
This gives them morale to well perform their duties and thus improve
Ø Less expense – The
employees feel emotionally balanced by not incurring extra expenses in commuting
from home to the offices. They don’t strain with their wages in incurring
Ø No office
psychological disturbances – What disturbs an employee most is an office full
of quarrels and misunderstandings. A telecommuter will be fairly handled well
since there is no that physical contact between the employee and the employer,
and also other employees.
For an employee
with morale for the job, there is much advantage for the organization that even
for the employee. This is because there will be good job relationships,
hardworking employees and higher production.
Telecommuting help in reducing the Carbon
Carbon Footprint is the amount of carbon emitted by an
organization, event or an individual directly in the most indirect way.
Everyone has his or her own amounts of carbon footprint and way in which they
emit to the environment.
footprint is contributed by daily human activities either knowingly or
the activities which contribute to higher carbon footprint for office-based
Ø Daily commutation from home to job when using fuel driven
motor vehicles contribute highly to environmental degradation. Gases emitted by
the vehicles contribute negatively to the environment, but with the option of
telecommuting, that could have been reduced by big margins.
Ø A lot of energy waste of resources like electricity, office
equipment among others contributes to environmental degradation and
Better ways to reduce this environmental pollution factor is
by encouraging telecommuting. Some of the tools which can be effectively used
to facilitate this includes videoconferencing, teleconferencing which can
assist in ensuring continuous contact between the worker and his or her
any organization that intents to be environmentally friendly, flexibility
should be part of its culture.
options are cost-effective to the employee
Every worker works for money and
better living standards out of his or her income daily, monthly or annually (Henke et al, 2016). If any laborer
feels that his or her income goes to general expenses, he or she might quit the
job for another one which can sustain him or her.
Major costs are incurred when one is
commuting for a job than a telecommuter who does his or her duties from home.
Some of the expenses evaded by the telecommuters are;
Ø Transport cost –
Whether using public or private means of transport, one must incur cost to
reach to the office. A personal car needs fuel to be driven, regular mechanical
check among others which are too expensive. If you compare two employees; one
working from the office and another telecommuter both with cars, the office-based
one will have incurred much cost on his or her car compared to his colleague, a
telecommuter. The money used for fare or fuel could be used to improve the live
standards of the employee.
Ø Security and
driver – When away from your home, you need someone to keep an eye on your
property and kids. That is an extra coin needed. Also, if you have a car, some
people don’t like or either doesn’t know how to drive on highways. That creates
a gap for the urge of a driver who will be driving him or her to and from.
Ø Food, snacks and
accommodation – Food prepared from home is quite cheap compared to hotel one which
is too expensive. If a company doesn’t provide meals to its employees, that
directly translates to added cost to cater for their lunch meals. The worker
will be continuously getting bankrupt, daily expenses scorching their pockets.
Generally, it is so cost-effective to work
from home than working from the office because one can save a lot for other
projects than investing in liabilities like daily transport and accommodation
among other things mentioned above (Raghuram & Fang, 2014).
Cost-effective to the organization
aims at getting enough profit; spending little and getting more in its
business. If a business invests much on its employees, it expects much income.
In reducing the cost of power and general expenses, a focused organization will
consider Telecommutation for its employees for the following reasons;
office space – An organization which has its employees telecommuting from home,
it doesn’t need to have a huge office to accommodate its workers. In fact, it
only needs a help desk for site visitors and just very few members. Offices
whose employees are based on office must create space for every staff member
and hence incur much construction cost.
daily spending- Most of the organizations cater for their employees’ lunch,
breakfast, transport buses among others. With a Telecommutation network of
employees, the organization will not need office cooks, buses, bus drivers and
many others which will automatically cut its daily expenditure.
bills and regular renovations – The higher the number of workers in an office,
the higher the consumption of electricity, water among other billed services
The office will cut much of its expenses
with the option of telecommutation than basing its workers in the office.
From the above
explanation, it is clear that it is better for an organization to have its
workers telecommuting than working from the office. It is better for improving
the company’s production by encouraging the employees, reducing company’s daily
costs and expenses and also by focusing on longer-term projects (Dahlstrom, 2013).
On the employee level,
the employees who telecommute feel comfortable and happy with their job. They feel
less burdened from daily commutation expenses and daily troubles or
misfortunes. It is cheaper for them to work from home because what they need
much is a regular supply of electricity and strong internet network.
It is worth better
for a company having its employees telecommute