Shirley Jackson was an writer in the twentieth century known for composing narratives that explored the distorted events of mundane life in society. In her well-known short narrative, “ The Lottery ” , she explores the incongruousnesss by giving the narrative a subject so barbarian that it compares and contrasts between her parallel universe and existent society. For this ground, many of the readers of the narrative were confused and appalled by the overall construct of what the subject of “ The Lottery ” was seeking to portray. The alone correspondence used to compare and contrast her parallel universe and existent world received many negative responses from critics and even friends.
Finally after many brushs with negative responses in letters inquiring for an account or subject, Jackson published in the San Francisco Chronicles ( July 22, 1948 ) stating that the point of her narrative was “ to floor readers with in writing dramatisation of the pointless force and general inhumaneness in their ain lives ” ( Friedman 191 ) .Throughout her short narrative, “ The Lottery, ” Shirley Jackson uses symbolism, scene, and point of position as literary elements to convey the overall subject.Jackson ‘s “ The Lottery ” takes topographic point in the summer in a little small town. The exact day of the month of the lottery is June 27, but the twelvemonth is non of all time specified. By utilizing cardinal hints within the narrative, such as a population of three 100s and a agrarian small town, it can likely be concluded that all marks “ seem to indicate to New England as the venue of the narrative ” ( Yarmove 234 ) . If this is the instance, New England settlers were known for their strong beliefs in their faiths and for being willing to make anything to protect their imposts from foreigners. The scene of the narrative likely helps explicate why the sacrificial rite is go oning.
In the summer drouths occur, and particularly if the small town is located in New England, so their dirt is non fertile without the enrichment of the rain. The villagers in “ The Lottery ” likely are giving person to go their whipping boy so that in return the small town can thrive. There is a stating in the town, “ Lottery in June, maize be heavy shortly, ” back uping this accusal ( Jackson 143 ) .
The secret plan of “ The Lottery ” has a sense of edginess to it, because as the narrative goes on things become more and more unnatural about the lottery taking topographic point in the community. The lottery, normally portrayed “ as a joyous juncture ” , is what the town ‘s people are garnering around for in the square ( Friedman 191 ) . As the narrative goes on, the reader begins to listen to the conversations go oning between the people of the small town, and begins to inquire why this lottery is so different. Unsettledness in the voices of the townsfolk and vacillation of take parting in the lottery shows that this lottery may non hold a positive result for the “ lucky ” victor. The scene and secret plan of “ The Lottery ” aid lend to the overall subject by giving the reader a sense of normalcy at the beginning of the narrative, and throwing a sudden turn into the heads of the readers at the very terminal of the short narrative.Jackson ‘s alone point of position in “ The Lottery ” gives the reader a better apprehension of the overall subject. She uses third- individual dramatic point of position to assist the reader interpret every individual ‘s emotions towards the lottery.
At the beginning of the narrative the reader seems to hold on the thought that the town “ [ has ] a vacation atmosphere ” by utilizing this point of position ( Friedman 191 ) . Using third-person dramatic point of position keeps a impersonal place in the narrative, non leting it to go colored toward one individual ‘s ideas and feelings. Jackson uses this point of position to her advantage to maintain the reader expecting the result of the narrative. Through the narrative the reader is kept from to the full understanding why the community is keeping this one-year event. It is n’t until the terminal of the narrative that the reader can set all the information gathered from the point of position to recognize that a barbarian tradition is taking topographic point. Jackson efficaciously uses third-person dramatic to blind the reader from genuinely anticipating the evil result of her narrative.
It ‘s really apparent that Jackson uses symbolism, scene, and point of position, to assist convey the subject of her short narrative “ The Lottery ” . Through the analysis of different symbols, such as the lottery, the character ‘s names, and the black box we can reason that these symbols each show that no affair how barbarian tradition can be, it will go on on when beliefs are strong. Jackson ‘s scene and secret plan show the hidden significance behind keeping the lottery, which is to give to their Gods a whipping boy through forfeit for rain and big harvests in return. The point of position influenced how the reader navigates their manner through construing the narrative. Jackson ‘s ability to utilize these three literary elements in her short narrative, has given “ The Lottery ” it ‘s widely recognized subject of the “ unpointed force and general inhumaneness ” of society utilizing whipping boies to bear the wickednesss of the community, merely to follow a tradition, barbaric or non ( Friedman 191 ) .
Throughout clip “ The Lottery ” has encountered many negative responses about the inhumaneness and ferociousness of the narrative, but even through all of the unfavorable judgment the short narrative is now adopted as an American literature authoritative.Work CitedCervo, Nathan. “ Jackson ‘s ‘The Lottery ‘ ” Short Story Criticism.
Ed. Jenny Cromie. Vol. 39. Detroit: Gale Group, 2000. 208.Friedman, Lenejama. “ The Short Stories, ” Short Story Criticism.
Ed. Jenny Cromie. Vol. 39. Detroit: Gale Group, 2000. 190-192.Jackson, Shirley. “ The Lottery, “ Literature: An debut to Reading and Writing.
Ed. Vivian Garcia. 9th Edition. New York: Pearson Education Inc.
, 2009. 140-145.Nebeker, Helen E. “ The Lottery: Symbolic Tour de Force, ” Short Story Criticism. Ed. Jenny Cromie. Vol. 39.
Detroit: Gale Group, 2000. 187-190.Yarmove, Jay A. “ Jackson ‘s ‘The Lottery ‘ ” Short Story Criticism.
Ed. Jenny Cromie. Vol. 39.
Detroit: Gale Group, 2000. 233-235.