Several field tripswere carried out in Sadhuragiri hills from Jan 2014 to March – 2015, Coveringdifferent seasons. In order to know the phenology of the plants an Intensiveand extensive field survey was made in Sadhuragiri hills and villages in Virudhunagardistrict. The data were collected through repeated field visits and the carefulinteraction with the village people and Paliyar tribes. The collected specimenswere identified taxonomically with the help of available Monographs, taxonomicrevisions and floras and by using field keys.
13-16Ethenomedicineinformation was gathered from all categories of village people such as thelocal healers, village leaders, elderly persons and Paliyar tribes and theperson having a through knowledge of Medical practices. Traditional Medicinesfor the Treatment of jaundice were cross checked and confirmed with some SiddhaDoctors. The information gathered from one place was also confirmed withdifferent communities of village people, Paliyar tribals in different places ofinvestigation. The collected plant specimens were deposited in the Departmentof Botany, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu forfuture reference. 2.3. Paliyar TribalsThe indigenous people of the study area are calledPaliyar/Paliyan. They are found in the hilly regions of Madurai, Dindigul,Theni, Thirunelveli, and Virudhunagar districts.
It is believed that paliyarsare indigenous people of Palani hills (Situated near to Kodaikanal a famoustourist place). In the Palani hills they are found at an altitude of up to2200m. Generally Paliyars are illiterate and they speak Tamil (Mother tongue ofTamil Nadu).
Paliyars when compared to various tribal communities in Tamil Naduconstitute relatively a small group.Paliyars can be grouped into three categories basedon their life styles, namely, Nomadic, Seminomadic and Settled Nomadic Paliyarsdon’t built houses, they live temporarily in rock caves called “Pudai” Semi nomadicPaliyar build temporary house and confine themselves to small territories mostof their huts are dark with no window or any other opening to admit air.Settled Paliyars are almost urbanized and live as agricultural laborers.
Importance of traditional and folk medicine in the treatment of various humanailments is well recognized amongst this people.173. RESULTSAND DISCUSSIONThe findings of the ethnomedicinal survey revealed that 40 speciesof Angiospermic plants, belonging to 36 genera under 25 families are used byPaliyar tribe of the state for treatmentof jaundice .The botanical name, family, vernacular name, part(s) used, mode ofuse, dose and duration are given (Table -1& Fig: 2).
The dominantfamilies with more number of medicinal plants in the present study are Euphorbiaceaeand Nyctaginaceae (4 Sps each) followed by Acanthaceae, Asteraceae, Fabaceaeand Liliaceae (3 Sps each). The family Rutaceae recorded two species and the remainingfamilies noted in this study recorded one species each (Fig: 3).