Saliem GebremicaelDr. CoxHis 1091/21/18Race and Society1. Why is the narrative preceded by letters from white abolitionists William Lloyd Garrisonand Wendell Phillips? What effect do these letters have on the reader?The narrative is preceded by these letters to bring about the history of racism in the United States, and the role played by a section of the white people in fighting against slavery. These letters are meant to bring the reader to the awareness of the white people being at the forefront of fighting for the rights of the African Americans.2. In what ways does Douglass’ experience exemplify N. American slavery as opposed toslavery in the rest of the Americas?North American slavery was not as inhumane as slavery in the rest of America. North America allowed its slaves or former slaves to get married and get become members of abolitionist groups. Douglas achieved a lot in North America than he would have achieved in the Southern American States. He was able to represent African Americans in platforms that black people had never been allowed to before.3. How do you think it is possible for people who celebrate equality and democracy to at thesame time condone and participate in the institution of slaveryPeople who celebrate equality and democracy and participate in slavery do not understand what democracy or equality stand for. These people are divided between personal gains and taking a stand against slavery. It is impossible to support an institution that encourages i9nequality and suffering and stand for democracy at the same time.4. Douglass seems to be ambivalent about education. Why?Douglass is ambivalent about education because he believes that education is important for the Negro just as much as it is for the white American. Through education, the African Americans would be able to liberate themselves from the white dominance that they had been subject of. The white people had kept the Negro ignorant and educated to control him. Douglas believed that education was a powerful weapon against slavery.5. Why does Douglass believe “Slavery proved as injurious to his master’s wife as it did tohim”?Douglas was born of a slave master. His mother was, therefore ‘his master’s wife’. He separated from his mother at a young age as was common in the southern states. He did not experience maternal affection and his mother did not get the chance to become a mother to him. Both of them were hurt by this, especially added to the fact that his mother we6. What does the discussion about what is ontological in the article have to do with the topicof racism?Racism proceeds from assumptions that most people are not even aware they have. It is an underlying issue in every human society where two or more races are present. It is an issue that surrounds human existence and which needs to be addressed and taken seriously by the human society.7. How and why did the unity of black and white settlers in the Virginia colony duringBacon’s Rebellion led to the creation of race segregation?The ruling class who were ardent supporters of slavery were afraid of the unity between the poor white and black people. They created race segregation as a means to stop these two groups from uniting, afraid that this unity could challenge their rule (Cox, 2017). To stop any two groups from uniting, one had to be set up against another and made to feel inferior to the other.8. How might race segregation lead to racism? What does this tell us about the nature ofracism (i.e., is it a “natural” human response, or is it a social construct)?Race segregation draws the lines between races. It aims to exalt one race and trample the other. This leads to one race feeling superior while the other feels superior. The race that feels superior will automatically bully the inferior race and subject them to injustices. This is how racism is created. Racism is, by all means, a social construct created by the society to draw lines that distinguish inferiority and superiority. A society that draws lines between races and gives one-race privileges over the other conditions its members to conform to a similar thinking and show contempt to the other race.9. Whose interests does the perpetuation of racism serve?The perpetuation of racism serves the interest of the ruling class.10. How does learning about Bacon’s Rebellion affect your own ideas about race andracism? Does it call into question any of your own underlying (ontological) assumptionsabout race?Based on Bacon’s rebellion, I have learned that racism is a choice. People can choose to be a part of it or to condemn it just like Bacon can Berkley did respectively. Additionally, racism is created by the society. Nobody is born hating the other person based on skin color. It is learned and spread by the society and the behaviors of the members of the society.11. Explain how Dr. King’s remarks quoted at the beginning of the article address thepractical effects of race segregation.Based on Dr. King’s remarks, ‘Jim Crow’ represents the negro (Cox, 2017). Dr. King illustrates the damage done to the African Americans and their children by racial segregation. The injustices against African Americans made them feel inferior and undermined. They were reminded of how unworthy they were by posts that limited their movement and confided them to places where the white American intended them to be.12. How can the study of history help us to address the issue of race division in contemporaryAmerican society? In what ways can the study of history be counterproductive tounderstanding the present?The study of history is helpful because it allows us to look at the past objectively and confront past issues squarely and rationally. By studying the past, we are able to reconcile with the unjust events that took place and move on from them instead of using it as a weapon against a group of people. The study of history provides important facts that everyone should be knowledgeable about.