Robotics is a branch of engineering and science whichis a culmination of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computerscience, and others.
Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation,and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensoryfeedback, and information processing. There are colleges which offerspecialized degree in robotics and we can find majority of colleges offeringrobotics degree among Top 100 engineering colleges in India. A computer can dosome things better than a human can· Adding a thousand four-digitnumbers· Drawing complex, 3D images· Store and retrieve massiveamounts of dataHowever,there are things humans can do much better. A computer would have difficultyidentifying the cat, or matching it to another picture of a cat. One importantaspect of robotics Artificial Intelligence, it is the studyof computer systems that attempt to model and apply the intelligence of thehuman. What is Intelligence Why is it that we assume humans are intelligent?Are monkeys intelligent? Dogs? Ants? Pine trees? There are numerous Robotics companies acrossIndia which offers Robotic Solutions and Automation in various firms in Indiaand most of the companies have their branches located at metro cities such asBengaluru, Mumbai and Hyderabad. Various student’s mainly from the Top 100 Engineering collegesin Hyderabad, and various other cities get jobs through On Campus Placements.
ATest known as Turing test was developed by Alan Turing, a test to empiricallydetermine whether a computer has achieved intelligence. The “standardinterpretation” of the Turing Test, in which player C, the interrogator,is given the task of trying to determine which player – A or B – is a computerand which is a human. The interrogator is limited to using the responses to writtenquestions to make the determination. Basiccomponents of a Robot Include:· Robots all have some kind ofmechanical construction, a frame, form or shape designed to achieve aparticular task Such as wheels, Structure, End effectors.
· Robots haveelectrical components which control and device the machinery. These includeLogical Controllers, Sensors etc.· All robots contain computerprogramming code. A program is how a robot decides when or how to do something.The Programming language used can be different based on the user. RoboticsFind Applications across several Industries such as Nano robots, Swarm robotics, Medical robots, Household robots, Domesticrobots, Agricultural robots, Robotcombat for sport, Robots in manufacturing, Military robots, Humanoid robotsetc. Every Intelligent robot are made to follow the 4 basic laws put forward byIsaac Asimov, 1. A robot may not harm humanity,or by inaction, allow humanity to come to harm.
2. A robot may not injure a humanbeing or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, except whenrequired to do so in order to prevent greater harm to humanity itself.3. A robot must obey any ordersgiven to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with theFirst Law or cause greater harm to humanity itself.4. A robot must protect its ownexistence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or SecondLaw or cause greater harm to humanity itself.