Pro Legalization of All drugs in the United

Pro Legalization of All drugs in the
United States

The idea of legalizing drugs has been
around for years. For millennia, most drugs were cultivated, sold and used
legally. However, the concept of a global drug prohibition took effect in the
turn of early twentieth century through efforts led by temperance groups and
American missionaries. Even then, some countries refused to adopt prohibition
arguing that criminalizing use of cocaine, heroin, ecstasy and marijuana use
could never reduce demand. Furthermore, the cost of prohibition would fall
disproportionately rest on governments. They were correct. Opiod epidemic in
America has led to increased costs due to enforcement of prohibition laws, mass
incarceration and war on drugs. The United States should rethink her drug
policy. Legalization would boost the economy by generating tax revenue, eliminate tax dollars currently being used on prohibition
enforcement, eliminate the criminal aspect of the black market and reduce
public health crisis caused by illegal drug use (Caulkins 121).

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Law enforcement has failed to eradicate
drug use. Instead, prohibition has bred more violence, increased crime, mass
incarceration and corruption as a result of thriving global drug trade. Because
of the ineffectiveness of the present system of drug prohibition in the United
States, the issue revolving legalizing all drugs has attracted considerable
media and political attention in recent times. Legalization, which enables the
government to tax and regulate drug use and sale like alcohol and tobacco, has
ignited a controversial debate because of various public health, ethical and
legislative issues related to the subject. An efficient way of resource use
would be to decriminalize and regulate drug use and sales.

Legalization would enable the state and
federal governments to save public’s tax dollars presently being used on drug
prohibition enforcement. Legalization would cut federal and state deficits by
removing costs on prohibition enforcement, such as police arrests, prosecutions
and imprisonments and by permitting governments to generate tax revenues from
legalized sales. Currently, federal and state governments face an overwhelming
fiscal outlook. America spends over $40 billion yearly on prohibition of drugs
as the direct cost. The indirect cost includes increased violence and
incarceration of productive citizen. Three-quarters of budgetary allocations on
war on drugs is spent on arresting and incarcerating drug users and dealers;
treatment costs represent one-sixth. That is despite strong proof that
treatment programs are more economical than prohibition.

  Advocates
of drug prohibition believe drug use would increase if it is made legal in the
United States. Owing to their dangerous and addictive, there is a growing
concern that legalization would result in a serious public health crisis, which
is not the case. Without doubt, the real drug crisis in the US focuses on
prescription drugs. Drug legalization enables a more nuanced approach compared
to discouraging drug use via criminalizing drug sales. Cocaine, for example, is
less addictive and consumers are price sensitive. Therefore taxing cocaine can
proof an effective deterrent.  Additionally,
regulation can ensure quality product. Prohibition cannot differentiate between
availability to adults and children, set minimum quality standards, nor have
dealers take liability for the manner their drugs are sold. These restrictions
are possible with tobacco and alcohol due to their legalization.

Additionally, legalization of all drugs
could eliminate the criminal aspect from illegal drug market and decrease the
size of America’s black market. The increased demand for illegal drugs has led
to the black market expansion and places the power into drug dealers’ hands as
the sole distributors without taking responsibility. This has led to many
social problems like violence and creation of unsafe environment. Indeed, trade
in criminalized drugs leads to violence owing to the high profit margins and
inelastic demand. Strict drug prohibition breeds more violence. This is because
stricter punishment tends to soar up drug prices as a result of limited supply.
As long as high demand exists, large and powerful criminal organizations would
use their resources through large networks or corruption to evade the law.
Enhanced power and higher profits only serve to intensify violence.
Legalization can tackle some of these problems and associated negative
consequences.     

The legalization would increase tax
revenue via taxation imposed on drug products in America. Legalizing all drugs
offers an important merit over prohibition since it permits the government to
generate tax revenues from legalized drugs. A study conducted by Jeffrey Mirron
found that legalizing drugs could generate $76.8 billion in tax revenue- $32.7
billion in tax revenue and $44.1 from prohibition law savings (O’Connor, Wells
and Applegate 124, Miron, and Waldock Para 4). The price of free market is
expected to be especially low minus taxation. Colorado case study is a good
exemplar. In 2014, Colorado became the first state in the US to legalize
marijuana use and sale. The results from the state’s first year of legalization
indicate considerable tax revenue. Colorado generated over $135 million in fees
and tax revenue from the marijuana sales that hit $1 billion (Government of
Colorado, Para 2). To guarantee that positive effects occur alongside the
significant economic boost, the state used the raised tax revenue for public
programs and public school capital construction assistance fund (Government of
Colorado, Para 2). As a result, 16 more states have legalized marijuana use for
medical purposes.

There is no denying that legalization may
result in some public health issues, such as increased drug use, injuries and
accidents. To overcome this challenge, legalization should be aligned with
comprehensive strategies and measures to keep the drugs out of reach of children
while increasing knowledge and awareness on adverse effects of the drugs.

Because some drugs have been socially
unacceptable in society for years, many people are unready to accept the
legalization of these drugs. However, time has come to make attempts to
overcome such social barriers so that the country can realize full benefits of
legalizing these drugs.  

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