pressure. The period of time when adolescent’s insecurities start, is
usually when they want to be liked which makes it difficult saying no. Another
reason is if the parents abuse alcohol or drugs they will start following their
parents’ behavior, that is what they’ve learned. Another reason is just for Curiosity,
just to try new things. How bad teens want to find out what it feels like to
get drunk or high. Drinking a few beers or smoking with friends “one time” could
lead to every weekend. The biggest reason youth uses drugs and alcohol is to
numb the pain there going through. People who struggle with emotional pain are
especially vulnerable to alcohol and drug abuse. They know that getting high or
getting drunk will provide them with a way to escape. For example, a teen
living in a home environment that has many problems may lead them to drugs to make
it a little more bearable. Youth doesn’t use alcohol or drugs thinking they could
become addicted. They think at the moment they are just experimenting, having
fun with friends, or trying to escape their mind from a bad life.
When a person does a pleasing activity, the
brain processes different types of pleasure in the same way. Each of these
pleasurable activity’s cause neurotransmitter dopamine to
release into a cluster of nerve cells below the cerebral cortex.
Because this part of the brain is closely tied to pleasure, it’s referred to as
the brain’s reward system. The reward system is present in the brain to assure
that people repeat life-sustaining activities, like eating food, drinking water
and mating. When people take drugs or drink alcohol, it sends the system into
overdrive. Drugs cause a huge spill of dopamine in the brain, more than you
would experience during eating or other natural rewards.
Tolerance is when someone doesn’t react to a
drug the way they did the first time they used that drug. So they take a bigger
dose of the drug to try to reach the same effect as when they first used it. Dependence
is when a person stops using a drug, and then their body goes through withdrawal,
which is symptoms that happen after you stop using the drug. Most people who
take a prescription medicine every day for a long time can become dependent. When
they go off the drug, they need to do it daily to avoid withdrawal discomfort.