Ourfounding father constructed The Electoral College to begin theConstitution as a consensus between the election of the President bya unanimous vote in Congress and the election of the President byqualified citizen of popular votes. This review was created isbecause it maintain safeguard between population and the electorswhich is a process through Electoral College, and it also gave theElectoral College in 1787 was obtained by the ConstitutionalConvention which consisted of electors, the governors of each state,the state legislative, Members of congress that was picked and bydirect popular electron. TheConstitution for the presidential election were among the states, andnot the individuals. In this election, there are certain numbers ofrepresentatives called electors and these electors’ votes on thestate that he or she is representing. ElectoralCollege consist of 538 electors. These individual statesare only allow to have one elector for each of their representativesin Congress.
Each state is only given three votes, consistingof at least two Senators and one Congressman, no matter size of thepopulation.The electors are the one who make the final decision in voting forthe President and Vice President of the United States. Thecandidates that received the majority of votes (which is 270), winsthe Presidency. In the nation, the numbers are electors are 435Representative, 100 Senators, and 3 electors that come from theDistrict of Columbia. When it is time to vote for President, thePresident who receives the most votes in a state wins the electoralvotes in that state. On the other hand, the stats of Nebraska andMaine votes are represented by electors and calculated differently. These states receives only two electoral votes for the Senators whilethe rest of the 48 states, while the rest of the electoral votes areaccounted for through congressional district by congressionaldistrict.
Theproblem using an Electoral College system versus a popular vote isthat the Electoral College has been known to have grievances due tothe fact that it is not state in the constitutions that the winner isnot chosen the majority of vote, whether you win over fifty percentof the votes, the number of electoral votes still are the same. Forexample, during the year of 2000, the majority of the ElectoralCollege votes was won by George W Bush but he lost the popular voteto Democrat presidential candidate Al Gore. Al Gore collected 2.5million vote from the population of Texas but still did not win theelection because of the winner take all method. There have beencomplaints since the 2000 elections that if the winner of the popularvote is not the president, then their votes don’t count (Gelman,Silver & Edlin, 2012). Bush won 1803 more counties than gorewon. Before of the controversy over the recount in Florida, the Gorecampaign sued to have a manual recount.
During this election, therewas a recount in Florida that taught Americans the difference betweena “hanging chad” which is known as a ballot punch out that washanging at one corner and a “pregnant chad” that means a dimplein the ballot paper. There was a dispute in the votes in Floridaduring the election of 2000 because the ballots was believe to bemiscounted so a recount was issued. After careful considerationthrough investigation, studiesshows that it is possible that Gore may have won a statewide recountof all under votes and over votes, from the ballots that had multiplevotes for president that were not even counted during this election.
Gore’s legal team did not follow up to pursue action against thissituation Through many doubts ,it was also believed through carefulinvestigations that more people went to the poll and voted onElection Day in Florida that was intending to vote for Gore. Thereason why the Electoral College is still used in the U.S.
is becausethe adoption of the Constitute for the Electoral College , whichgives each state as many votes as it has members of Congress. Thissystem was constructed somewhat as a mediator to determine whether ornot Congress or the peoples would have the power to elect thePresident. In today’s society, support for electing the presidentby a national popular vote, doing away with the process of assigningelectors in between states by rules that interfere with the principleof one person, one vote. Alexander stated, “Thatuncertainty makes a lot of people uneasy,” he said. “Knowingthe rules of the game the way they are now, candidates and campaignsknow they can work within that framework.”