One food demand driven by poverty rather than

One indicators of sustainability is equitability. Based on the conclusion  of Horlings and Marsden  (2011) , agro-ecological
approaches can be utilized to feed the future generations, and thereby
contribute to a ‘real green revolution.’ However, this requires a more radical
move towards a new type of regionally embedded agri-food eco-economy. This
includes  organizations, an altered
institutional context, and  re-thinking
market mechanisms that is interwoven with active farmers and consumers’
participation. It also requires a re-direction of science investments to take
account of translating often isolated cases of good practice into mainstream
agri-food movements.

To be equitable in sustainable agriculture means that majority of the
people benefit. Agriculture provides a substantial share of income for the
urban poor specially in Africa, and for those groups of households to which it
constitutes an important source of livelihoods. “We also find fairly consistent
evidence of a positive statistical association between engagement in urban
agriculture and dietary adequacy indicators” (Tasciotti and
Zezza, 2010).

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Due to less inputs, the
income of farmers can increase. However, there is need to improve
farm-market-transport. The government should improve infrastructure to
facilitate transport of products. At local and household levels, the market distribution system needs to
be adequate to ensure that food is available in all market places. At the
household level, sufficient levels of food must be grown, or purchased in the
market place, or some combination of two. Thus, poverty plays a major role in
food insecurity. Generally, if there is too little food, it is the result of
inadequate food demand driven by poverty rather than of market failure.
Conversion of agricultural lands to subdivisions and industrial areas should
also be reduced. Access to weather based index insurance should be provided because
this can protect farmers from adverse financial effects of crop failure. Access
to credit in financial institutions is also needed.

and Garnett (2014) stated that there is a  business-as-usual alternative to Sustainable Intensification:
unsustainable intensification. Economic pressures will increase as the demand
for food rises. This will result to land conversion, and other practices that
damage the environment and other food system goals. ” In the face of a
multitude of externalities (costs not captured in the price), market
distortions and time lags, it is inconceivable that the market alone will
furnish solutions unaided. The consequences of unsustainable intensification will
damage the planet and undermine its capacity to support future food production


concerned with sustainability, the consumers and retailers, can look for values-based” foods
which are grown using are environmentally
friendly, and promoting farm-worker well-being methods that  strengthen the local economy ” (Gofray and Garnett  2014).  














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