Max the capital, product and labour markets depend

Max Weber a German sociologist defined social
stratification as a central feature of social life. Although Weber theoretical
discussions we very brief they were found to be very beneficial and useful. The
contrast Weber made between class, status and party has become unremarkable in
sociology. According to Weber an individual’s economic power is a causal
component in the determination of their life chances, weber also explains this
as social situations where he argued that an individual’s position in the
capital, product and labour markets depend on the resources an individual has available
to them an example of this would be an electioneer and a carpenter both have
skills that would allow them to earn higher level of income in the labour
market than someone who has no skills in the labour market. An individual’s
class situation not only dictates their live chances but also dictates the
interest they have in protecting and enhancing their life chances. Weber stated
that individuals are more likely to act, individually or collectively, in
pursuit of their class interests. 


Marx a German economist and philosopher analysed
society by using three main approaches to understanding social class, the three
main approaches were descriptive and historical, objective and sociological and
subjective. Marx argued that social structure was based on a conflict of
interests such as economist interests between social classes of unequal power
and wealth. Historical materialism is the understanding that human beings have
needs such as food, clothes and a roof over their heads. In order to meet their
needs, they must therefore have to work to meet them. Once new tools and machinery
were developed to assist production, social relations of productions were
formed and as production and social relations became more successful, this
created social division dividing individuals into two class being a class that
owns the means of production and a class of labourers. Marx described the
forces and relations of production as the mode of production. An example of
this would be that with capitalist mode of production the mode of production
influences the economic base of society which indicates and shaped all other
aspects of society such as beliefs, religion, education and law. In the early
stages of human life, it was understood that there were no social classes invented
and everyone worked, earned and shared everything, Marx described this time as
primitive communism. Marx describes three class societies and defines each
class with their own form of exploitation, one being ancient society where
slaves were legally connected to their owner, the feudal society based on serfs
being legally connect to the land and lastly capitalist society based on
exploitation of free wage labourers.

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