Many of the world’s countries today are plagued by the Global Food Crisis. Although we live in an era where there is sufficient food for everyone, efforts to reach Zero Hunger and ensure food security is hampered by high prices, poor distribution systems and the lack of global cooperation.
Being a war-torn country that has withstood over a decade of conflict, Iraq is in the prime position to comprehend the repercussions of food insecurity on a country’s citizens. Food inadequacy not only creates a humanitarian crisis regarding that affects millions of starving individuals, but also hampers the ability of Iraq to raise its living standards and develop to its full potential. Iraq has accepted food aid from the international community, but such measures are inadequate and there has yet to be long term solutions to be implemented.That said, Iraq is financially incapable to invest heavily into in its agriculture sector, and the lack of foreign investment further exacerbates its predicament. This creates a vicious cycle where which the lack of underproductive agriculture industries lead to reduced food production that creates results in a malnourished population which cannot productively contribute to economic growth.
Slow economic growth cannot generates insufficient domestic investment for into the agriculture sector. Unless foreign enterprises intervenes, this cycle is doomed to repeat indefinitely. Furthermore, Iraqi conflict zones are dangerous to for food distributors. Moreover, and the lack of transportation infrastructure denies distressed communities their much needed food., and wWorse still, developed nations are unwilling to generously assist international efforts in getting food to affected peoples. Finally, Iraqi farmers have limited can hardly access the wonders of genetically modified seeds because of strong patent legislation as per Order 81.
Unless seeds are made attainable at lower costs, many Iraqi farmers will continue sticking with traditional seeds which can be less efficient in crop production. Given that food is already scarce, this sluggish rate of production only aggravates Iraq’s food insecurity.To solve the aforementioned problems, Iraq proposes the liberalisation of developing countries’ agriculture market. In the short term, this means allowing international organisations like the World Food Programme to operate with minimal restrictions within countries, making the food distribution process more efficient. This will make up for the shortage in food that hungry people desperately need. Iraq also recommends offering subsidies to help farmers establish a strong agriculture sector, and this can be in the form of tax breaks, reduced tariffs between countries with trade of agricultural goods and subsidised genetically modified seeds for farmers to use.
The benefits that farmers receive should also be proportional to the amount of food that they can produce, so as to further incentivise food production. Iraq also suggests the creation of a forum where developing countries can meet and discuss pertinent issues with regards to policies on food security. Finally, Iraq strongly believes that funding for all these initiatives should mainly come from developed countries and the United Nations’ organs. This will reduce financial stress already exerted on developing countries and allow them to focus on rebuilding their agricultural sectors.