Kuala of three distinct habitat which include inland

Selangor Nature Park (also known as Taman Alam Kuala Selangor) was created in
1987. It is located on the estuary of Sungai Selangor or Selangor River and has
an area of about 240 hectares of coastal land where a large part of it is mangrove
swamps. Mangrove ecosystem also are extraordinary in that they protect the
coastline, serve as fish breeding ground, give refuge to diverse wildlife and
supply wood. Kuala Selangor Nature Park is much more than just mangrove trees
in a swamp. The Nature Park stretches over 800 acres of three distinct habitat
which include inland secondary forests, muddy estuaries and mudflats, and a
brackish lake that is inhibited by wetland animals. The area also has more than
150 species of birds and an estimated 100,000 wading birds, comprising 30
species, passing through here on their annual migration. Thus bird watching is
perhaps one interesting activity in Kuala Selangor Nature Park.



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Education activities is conducted in Kuala Selangor Nature Park, this
activities are primarily means for visitors who are interested in learning and
being aware of the coastal environment in relation to its flora and fauna.
Games organized by Kuala Selangor Nature Park officer are fun and educational
oriented and have objectives oriented learning. The activities are generally
conducted for a group of more than 20 person. Then, there are two trails and
one walkway in KSNP as of May 2016. They are the Main Trail traversing the
secondary forest (550 meters), Bund Trail encircling the lake (1.7 km) and
Mangrove Walkway extending into the mangrove forest (1.5 km). These last
approximately 15 minutes, 75 minutes and 55 minutes to walk respectively.
Besides that, there are two watch towers that provide views of the area, and
birds and other animals can be seen from the top of watch tower platform. Also,
there are some gazebo for the visitors to rest in the park.



public awareness on the importance of conservation of natural resources has
increased, but their understanding of the benefits of preserving natural
ecosystems is still low. This is largely due to the difficulty in measuring
benefits in more substantial forms. As stated by Smith 1993, people who assume
in protecting of the forest resources, wildlife, land and water by not
harvesting them are waste. Financial short-term returns are more important
which to determining the returns for development and social goals of conservation
are often given lips – services. Then, for the goods traded on the market,
prices are often accepted as benefits or value indicators to buyers. However,
interest leads are harder to estimate for the benefit of not having market
prices. Benefits to an individual may be attributed to direct and indirect in
situ use and non-use or intrinsic values. (Turner 1997) stated that the total
economic value or use of natural resources includes both use and non – use
value. For use value in the direct service values, the benefits budget is
easier. For example, in mangrove ecosystems, humans derive direct use value in the
form of output such as wood for timber, fish, and charcoal other than the needs
or value of services such as recreation, which have no market price. Thus, the
researcher want to study about the value of mangrove forest especially towards
recreationist in the Kuala Selangor Nature Park, which we know that ecosystem
services now is not traded in the market and its value are not easy to be
estimated. It’s being ignored by the economy, local habitants and industry. Thus,
the importance of mangrove has been underestimated despite being critical and
fragile ecosystem because of the effect from human actions. This we can see
that human use this ecosystem services to get their resources without thinking
about the effect. However, the effect of tsunami on 2004 has created the
occasion that realizing the ecological significance of mangroves towards
environment and human well-being.  Thus,
assessment method such as Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) have been developed
in this study which to assumed that the maximum willingness to pay (WTP) can be
used to infer contributions of the visitors to the conservation of the mangrove
ecosystem recreational purpose in Kuala Selangor Nature Park (KSNP).  


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