Introduction: How do we perceive the music?
A kind of arts which appeared in way of putting certain sounds which as the final product give you a tuneful melody people called music. Music has a huge impact on a human. It can amuse society, or vice versa, send the listener to a personal world of thoughts and feelings, where he experiences all the sorrows and joys. Music has some magical ability to make a person remember what seemed to have been forgotten so long ago. It is an expression of people from different societies which focuses on their own various types of instruments and unique methods of playing on them. Earlier the music was used for celebration most and nowadays music is used to voice your opinion and try to impact your audience to believe in what you stand for.
In one point of view, it is hard to say if the music impacts culture or culture impacts the music; this is how a community is deeply bounded with music. Many types of researches and tests were made to evaluate the importance and usefulness of music as to the personality and society as a whole. In addition, music interacts with all sides of human life, such as person’s cognition, mood, memory, stress response and others.
Music has a beneficial effect on society; Researches
Music can create and maintain the right mood. As we know, the human brain is a huge pantry of knowledge, memories and photographs. In everyday life, we go with the flow. People are so busy, (it is not known, specifically, or by coincidence) that they simply have no time to rummage in their “pantry” of memories. But in the evening, when you are at home, you can turn on the music, the one that you love and now you have the opportunity to travel along the path of your past.
Music helps to create! If you have a look at the young generation you will come to amazement that many of them write their own works, essays while listening to the music, such as calm and peaceful classical music. The power of music is very intriguing in the relation of the memory. Albert Einstein is known as one of the smartest men who has ever lived, but his teachers thought that he is lack of talent in all respects. As it turned out, his parents bought him a violin, which made him a good violinist and further Einstein figured out his problems and equations by improving his playing. Also, music helped Thomas Jefferson to figure out the right words for the Declaration of Independence, he played the violin, which got the words from his brain onto the paper. O’Donnell found (1999) “Mozart’s and baroque music with sixty beats per minute beat pattern activate the left and right brain”. As a result, the brain action enhances learning and retention of information. The Center for New Discoveries in Learning found, that listening to this sixty per minute music can increase the capacity of memory a minimum of five times. Dr George Lozanov, a Bulgarian psychologist, came up with a system of learning a foreign language using certain classical music from baroque period (O’donnell, 1999). He has proven that students can learn up to one half of the vocabulary and phrases for the whole semester in one day, recalling the knowledge of most 100% even after several years.
The previous finding says that Mozart’s sonatas can also improve test scores of students if they listen to it before the test. This type of music helps to release neurons in the brain, in order the body to relax.
According to the study by the University of Miami, cognitive performance and mood are affected by music. The researches, after a 3-week study on twenty-four workers on the highly stressful job, found out that the mood is significantly improved with the presence of music during work hours, especially: the time pressure, unrealistic deadlines, a volume of learning requirements, and co-worker problems and so on. In addition, as measured, cognitive performance of people is higher in those 3 music weeks. There are many comments given in regards to the influence of music on stress included that it was calming, relaxing and simply helpful for focusing on the task (Lesiuk, 2000).
Music listening causes the short-term cognitive benefits, but research by Schellenberg (2005) showed, that music lessons from childhood lead to long-term cognitive improvements. This might be special in the regard because music lessons are school-like activity; different skills are trained; music improves abstract reasoning and gaining musical knowledge is similar to acquiring a second language (Schellenberg, 2005).
Thoma et al. (2012) had a hypothesis, that if the music has a capacity to initiate a multitude of cognitive processes in the human brain, so it also influences stress-related cognitive processes. The hypothesis was examined in 2012 by using several conditions prior the stress-test on sixty female volunteers. The conditions were: relaxing music, a sound of ripping water and rest without acoustic simulations. The findings of the research showed that music impacts the psychological stress system; more specifically, music affects the autonomic nervous system in order to recover faster from a stressor. Having said that, the results may have another explanation – the participants of the study were just so relaxed, that the stress response was increased as a consequence. Thus the findings might be considered in the light of the limitations. The emotional state and physiological arousal of a person significantly reduced after exposure to a stressor in case of listening to the classical music, almost the opposite the reaction happens in case of listening to heavy metal music (Labbe, Schmidt & Babin, 2007).
Negative effects of the music
As a completely opposite style of the music in comparison with relaxed and peaceful what describe the classical music I have chosen hard rhythmic rock music. There is a huge difference between harmonic (followed the natural laws of music) and disharmonic (did not follow the natural laws of the music) types of music in terms of their influences on the brain cells. There is study that found the negative outcomes of listening rock music (disharmonic): exposure to this kind of music causes abnormal neuron structures in the region of the human brain associated with learning and memory, and acid rock music has been shown to restrain the capacity of some people’s brains to store the learnt information correctly (Taylor, 2015). The preference for heavy metal music or techno music in many cases can cause an increased vulnerability and risky behaviors, and a number of studies also associate it to the risk of suicides (“Using APA”, 2009). Moreover, the lyrics of such songs are becoming more explicit in their references to the drugs, sex, and violence. Summing up about the impact on a human development, it should be mentioned that people receive and respond to music in several ways because the same piece of music two persons can hear and feel in a totally different way. But according to many studies, a special type of music impact the human positively on cognition, mood increase, stress response, and other discussed aspects. So, we have seen how music directly interacts with inner human life, so what about the social life?
Take a look at folk music, its emergence during the 20th century, and probably the rise of the popular folk music of the 1960’s is absolutely the best example of how music affects society. Well-known fact that folk music was played and sung by the majority in their everyday life; and, basically, when a culture face radical changes the awareness of that gives way through expression; so many folk singers wrote protest-like songs to support the movements that express their worldviews particular to the problem of the day. For the first time, the music is not only a way for expression, but it is also a vehicle to mobilize and inspire people to think differently and take action. The music typically represented those days’ idealisti? thinking, shunning capitalism and, surely, material comforts. In the 1950’s, there was a general tendency toward freedom, individuality and expression. The youth in the USA became more open towards their passion to drugs and sex; there was an overall non-acceptance of power structures and authority. Thus, American society was changed radically and in a long-lasting way.
One of the connections is that cultures which value materialism and money issues most will always create music about these particular topics. As an example, a huge number of pop-singers praise and glamorize these vices reflecting other cultures too. Secondly, challenges are used to be when speaking about cultures. A classic example is a jazz. It breaks the rules of classical forms. Jazz, therefore, in its essence is destructive. Additionally, music binds generations together. Before the word was written, humans, communities used music to retell stories, teach basic skills, and teach to hunt, to battle, to use medicine, recipes, ritual, and others.
Influence on society
Social and political standpoints that have developed through time construct the transformation of individualistic and collectivistic identity. Therefore, music plays a significant role in the influence of identity on society members. New musicians are usually imitated by subcultures, either because of their attitude and their value and style; thus, the more popular a particular artist or genre of music, the more spread the subculture. But the continuous diversity of music has meant that the agents of identifying with a genre as well as the associated ideologies become outdated soon. An identity is not something set in stone – it can be manipulated following a change of views, interests or beliefs because the tendencies in society are what regulates a person while music can shape it.
To sum up, perhaps there is something primal about music, something that can touch or twist individual’s soul. It is a vital muse to the journeys of life. We tend to learn more easily if it is related to music. Music impacts human behaviour by affecting the brain structure and other bodies in manners that are observable, identifiable and measurable. Throughout many years music is changing towards a human. Earlier the music was used for celebration most and nowadays music is used to voice your opinion and try to impact your audience to believe in what you stand for .Having said that there are other powerful means of cultural changes today and people must question not only about the musical taste of the next and past generations but also present one.