Inter-agency planning and communication is vitalwhen the public services respond to a major incident it allows the publicservice to respond efficiently and effectively to incidents. Planning andpreparation can result in much faster response times. Planning can also guaranteethat the public services are all cooperating to the same goals. It can indicateany potential problems that could occur as well as identify areas where publicservices need to improve to efficiently respond.
It can also prevent seriousinjuries and even death in the quick and strategic response to incidents. WithoutInter-agency planning and communication the public services would not be ableto effectively respond to emergency incidents due to poor planning andpreparation. Poor planning can result poor response times which can result inthe serious injuries and even deaths of those involved in the incident. Thepublic services would not be working towards the same goals which can delay theoperation which slows down the response to the incident. This is the reasonthat Inter-agency planning and communication is vital when the public servicesrespond to a major incident, allows the public service to respond efficientlyand effectively to incidents which will save peoples life’s and prevent anyfurther escalation of the incident. Analyse the importance of inter-agency emergency planningfor major incidents:Emergency Plans/ Contingency plans are aseries of clear orders on how responding agencies respond to a major incidents,each agency will have Contingency plans on how to respond to different types ofmajor incidents. Liaison officer’s form each service will come together inconjunction with the local government to formulate a widespread contingencyplan that all services can work form.Liaison Officers: liaison officers aremembers of the public services who are responsible for communicating with theother services as well as and sharing and simulating information betweenthem.
Liaison officers coordinate training days where the public servicetrain together to improve their performance. Duringmajor incident it is important that responding agencies communicate and worktogether in order to successfully and professionally deal with the incidentthis can be done in the following ways:Explain how UK agencies involved in aspecific Major Incident, worked together in accordance with their legal duties: LocalAuthority: Localauthorities provide universal support to the Emergency Services by providingthe Councils normal functions at the scene to support with, or takeresponsibility for highways/traffic management, building structure safetyadvice, community welfare and housing. HM Coast Guard: Her Majesty’s CoastGuard is a emergency services that is responsible for the citizen Maritimesearch and rescue operations at sea and also around the UK Shore lines. They respond to emergency call outs on landand sea some of their other duties can include counter pollution, Receiver ofWreck, Maritime Incident Response Group (MIRG), Resilience. Ambulance Service: The ambulanceservices as part of the National Health Service they are responsible for themanagement of medical care and aid to people that are injured in a incident. Itthe responsibility of the ambulance service to transport casualties to thehospital to receive further medical treatment. Fire and Rescue Service: During anincident the fire and rescue services main function is the preservation of lifeand property. The fire and rescue services also have the responsibility toprovide humanitarian services and protect the environment.
Police service: the police serviceduring a major incident is to co-ordinate the incident whist the major incidentis taking place. Because of theorganizational and operational capacity of the police service the service hasto liaise with the other emergency services. The police service is responsiblefor all persons in around the scene of the incident. It is also theresponsibility of the police service to ensure that the scene of the incidentis preserved for investigations and inquires which could lead to criminal prosecutions.
Each agency has a different job that theyhave to do to make whatever situation safe again. Describe the work of agencies at UK incidents and theirlegal duties:· Local Authorities · HM Coast Guard· Medical services· British Transport PoliceThe core responders involve the emergency services such asthe police, ambulance and fire and rescue services but they can also entail thefollowing: