In addition, HIV/AIDSviolates individual rights should not be enforced in Malaysia. This is becauselack of human rights protection creates vulnerability to HIV. Individual rightsare referred to privacy, confidentiality and disclosure. The rights to privacycomprise the respect for physical privacy in the HIV testing without consent,and the confidentiality of information in the unauthorized disclosure. Human rights are inextricably linked with thespread and impact of HIV/AIDS on individual and communities in Malaysia. The lack ofrespect for human rights fuels the spread and deteriorates the impact of the disease, while at the same timeHIV/AIDS undermines progress in realization of human rights.
This is because when it became clear that HIV was infectious, and that it was potentiallyfatal, there was no treatment. This is led tothe widespread of stigma and discrimination against people livingwith HIV/AIDS. Furthermore, the most common situation isdisclosure your HIV/AIDS confidential status. For example, confidentiality ofinformation means that personal information is private and may not be sharedwithout their permission.
The confidentiality of a person’s HIV status isimportant because the person who have detected positive on HIV screening willface discrimination when other people find out they have HIV. People will onlyget tested and treated for HIV, if they know their HIV status will be keptprivate. Disclosing one’s HIV status is still widely perceived as sociallydangerous.
Similarly, another great risk people living with HIV face is theinadvertent or improper disclosure of their status, which can result in denialof employment, violence, and many other collateral consequences. From the startof the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled all around theworld with the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negativeimpact on the victims associated with epidemic. However, stigmatizationassociated with AIDS is underpinned by many factors, such as lack ofunderstanding of the illness, misconceptions about how HIV is transmitted, lackof access to treatment, and fears relating to a huge number of sociallysensitive issues including sexuality, disease and death, and drug use. On theother hand, discrimination and stigma is the rights of people living with HIVoften are violates because of their presumed or know HIV status, causing themto suffer both the burden of the disease and the consequential loss of otherrights. For people who livewith HIV, this may be manifested with the feelingsof shame, self-blame, and worthlessness, which, combined with feelings of beingisolated from society, can lead to depression, self-imposed withdrawal and evensuicidal feelings.
Therefore, this policy enforced by the Malaysia governmentto implement HIV screening test for all couples in is not necessary because itis not a prevention for neither HIV virus nor it is going to help the couplesin many ways. In addition, this policy should not be enforced in Malaysia.