In English language there are eight parts of speech and theyare:Noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition,conjunction, and interjection. The parts of speech show the function of aword in context of its meaning and grammar in the sentence. Any word can performthe function of one or more parts of speech whenever used in different contexts.
1. NOUNA noun is word that denotes the nameof a person, place, thing, or idea. Proper nouns start with a capital letter; common nouns startwith small letters.
Nouns can either be singular or can be plural. Melissa,Delhi, water melon and honesty are all examples of nouns.2. PRONOUNA pronoun is a wordused instead of a noun, most often for a specific noun. Pronouns are dividedinto the following types: personal pronouns which refer to particular personsor things; possessive pronouns show ownership; reflexive pronouns lay emphasison another noun or pronoun; relative pronouns bring in a subordinate clause;and demonstrative pronouns point out to nouns. When a noun is replaced by apronoun it is called an antecedent. For e.
g. Tom is a good teacher. He is verykind to his students. Tom is the antecedent, he and his are personal andpossessive pronouns respectively.
3. VERBThe verb is an actionword in a sentence. There are two kinds of verbs: main verb and auxiliary or helpingverb like am, is, are, etc. A verb always agrees with its subject in number (singular/plural). Verbschange different forms to express tenses. E.g.
running, dancing, playing areall verbs but if we have to express an action of the past then it will becomeran, danced, played, etc.4. ADJECTIVEAn adjective is aword that describes a noun or a pronoun. It usually answers the questionof what kind, which one, or how many. For e.g. adjectives are words like beautiful,sweet, lazy, etc.5.
ADVERBAn adverb is a word thatdescribes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.Adverbs answer thequestions where, when, why, how, what are the conditions and to whatdegree. Adverbs often end in -ly.
For e.g. quietly, swiftly, fast, etc.6.
PREPOSITIONA preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase orto modify another word in the sentence. Prepositions usually indicate the positionof the noun. For e.g.
in, on, with, above, below, beside, etc. 7. CONJUNCTIONA conjunction joinstwo words, phrases, or clauses.
Coordinating conjunctions join two equals: and,but, or, nor, for, so, yet. Subordinating conjunctions join unequalclauses: because, although, while, since, etc.8.
INTERJECTIONAn interjection isa word used to express emotion. It is often followed by an exclamationpoint. For e.g.
Alas! Bravo! Hurrah! Etc.