In Wang Y, Yang L et al.

In the present daywhere people are connected more via the network, it is important to know theeffect of it on the youth, this is focussed on youth primarily for two reasons,and youth are the largest users of these sites. Some of us stay away from home;some have friends who don’t stay close, relationships of this type aredependent on these sites.

Also these sites as a major source of past timeactivities and people spend significant time on these sites. It is very importantfor people to know its impact.Social networking sitesare online platforms which people use to connect to others; it is an electronicform of social connections. A site is termed as SNS if it helps peoplesocialize with friends or for non-social interaction and sites for specificinformation and for resources.Examples Facebook,LinkedIn, Quora etc;This is interesting andimportant at the same time because this not only helps us understand theharmful effects of the SNS on the youth but also helps us understand thepattern. The SNS sites have harmful effects, it has a potential to make theyouth depressed. On one hand we are seeing that social media or socialnetworking sites (In this context would be used interchangeably) are reducingthe loneliness it is also causing as they accommodate socialization, at thesame time it has a tendency to effect in a bad way.

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Indian youth should beagainst social networking sites because they make people dull, stressful andcause depression and anxiety issues. Studies have shown that excessive usagetwitter can cause very little socialization (Ndasauka Y, Hou J, Wang Y, Yang L et al. (2016) “Excessiveuse of Twitter among college students in the UK: Validation of the MicroblogExcessive Use Scale and relationship to social interaction and loneliness.

“Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 963-971.) The argument here is atwo sided one, we can see people who wants to champion the fact that SNSs arecreating a very healthy environment and are helping people have a very soundmental health. ( research is a scientific one and used enough quantitative data to supportthe stance. (The article is based on papers) Now that we can seethat evidences from both sides are scientifically testable and since it has ahuge bearing on the Indian youth, we should try and understand it from thequalitative aspects and understand and analyse the effect on the youth.There are studies whichproved that SNSs can improve the creativity of the users, content sharing is anincreasing phenomenon among the youth and also created a concept of sharedhistory and creative content.

These aspects by definition show us that the useof the sites is a significant contributor for creativity, this is also, in someform communicative exchange so this helps in increasing the understanding thebroad concepts of culture, ethnicity and also literacy and technical skills ofthe users. (Collin, Philippa, et al. “Thebenefits of social networking services.

” (2011).)On the other hand wehave another side of the argument that these sites are restrictive in nature,so they hinder the creativity. This is a qualitative research, we can see thatthe use of the sites and etc; can cause considerate amount of pressure aboutprivacy and the limited control, the restrictive nature of the sites ingeneral; these features are not the healthy ones to  operate in andobviously effect the way in which people think and can cause the issue withcreativity.(Yeung, Ching-man Au, et al.

“Decentralization: The future of online social networking.” W3CWorkshop on the Future of Social Networking Position Papers. Vol. 2.

2009.)The major argument hereis that the use of SNS is highly connected to the aspect of stress, depressionand dull, this is very much relevant and we can understand how it works. Thereis a concept called Need for Social Assurance (NSA), this is feeling wherepeople want to have some company to feel better. So those who are sociallyanxious with high levels of NSA are more likely to have a problematic use ofFacebook. Socially anxious people by definition will have an association withfacebook use.The study speaks offacebook but it can be generalised on the major social networking sites becausethe way in which these sites operate or affect the individual is the same, sothe sort of implications it has will be the same.

So the social anxious peopleand the people with need for social assurance will have the problematic use ofSNS.The paper identifiessocial anxiety as something which alludes to self-presentational fear aboutbeing adversely assessed by others in social interactions, fundamentally emergesfrom absence of certainty in self-presentational abilities.The NSA has beencreated using a scale of 1 to 5 using empirical methods. So the study stronglysuggests that those people who are social conscious in general will have a badexperience with these sites, this shows us the effect of the SNS on the youth. (Lee-Won, Roselyn J., Leo Herzog, andSung Gwan Park. “Hooked on Facebook: the role of social anxiety and needfor social assurance in problematic use of Facebook.” Cyberpsychology,Behavior, and Social Networking 18.

10 (2015): 567-574.)We see a highprevalence of social anxiety among Indian youth, and this as we have alreadyseen; social anxiety and depression is not a good sign, as they can causeproblems when they use the social networking sites, because socially anxiouspeople tend to use these sites as they don’t have to face their anxiety and endup creating problems for themselves. With the amount of social orders and normsin the society and raising expectations it is bound to happen and we can see itthe aspects leading to social anxiety has been prevalent in India so we can saythere is significant amount of social anxiety in India.(Hofmann, Stefan G.

, Anu Asnaani, andDevon E. Hinton. “Cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxietydisorder.” Depression and anxiety 27.12 (2010):1117-1127.) Cyberbullying is aserious threat and it is accommodated and aggravated by the use of socialnetworking sites.

India is in a grave danger when it comes to this aspectbecause we have a huge proportion of people who are victims of cyberbullying.We rank 3rd in the proportion of users who are victims of suchbrutality. This is something we should pay attention because the psychologicalaffect is hard to recover and this questions India’s celebration of the factthat we are the youngest nation in the world.(http://www.dnaindia.

com/lifestyle/report-cyberbullying-social-media-s-darker-side-1712080) “Cyberbullying involves the use ofinformation and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated, andhostile behaviour by an individual or group that is intended to harmothers.” (Belsey, 2008, p.1)Much has been composedon the effect of conventional bullying and there is sufficient confirmationthat few exploited students get past harassing unscathed. We can constrainourselves here to talking about the outcomes for the casualty. In synopsis,academic performances fall apart because of decreased fixation amid lessons,constant absenteeism and poor associations with peers. Absenteeism is of twotypes when there is physical presence and when there is no physical presencealso, this is of serious order in sexual abuse, but it is of equal relevancehere also because people are using social media at a very tender age and theseactivities can have serious impact on the kid’s future performance.

(Heirman, Wannes, and Michel Walrave.”Assessing concerns and issues about the mediation of technology incyberbullying.” Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace 2.2 (2008).

) Considering the studywe can understand that this is a serious issue because this has, as the numberssuggest this as an aggravating phenomenon, it is accounted to culturaldifferences and international exposure, while some cultures see this as anevent of normal happening or they might not see it as a problem of higherdegree on the other hand some might see it from the same spectrum. So it is theuse of the sites that is to be blamed. Cultural immersion and internationalexposure are bound to happen, and it is a good thing but it should not have anegative incentive.So there are a lot ofissues with the usage of SNS, a report that was submitted on the effects ofthese sites, it is important than all the others because this is a report whichis geographic in nature for India. In the study memberswere asked whether they have ever had an awful long range informalcommunication encounter. A significant number of respondents in a review (28%)revealed having had a negative online involvement with grown-ups maturedunderneath 30 the destined to trade this (60%). These members were requested togive additional data about the negative understanding.

For most respondents theencounter reflected undesirable contact or individuals posting in fitting orannoying data on the web.(Sachdev, Ruchi. “Impact of social networking sites(SNS) on the youth of India: A bird’s eye view.” College of Management StudiesKanpur (UP) India (2013).)So if we see althoughthere are certain studies which say the use of SNS improves the mentalconditions, these are not really representative as we can see many of the datasources and the reports suggest these sites have a lot of negative impact onthe users.This negatives of SNS outweighsits pros so we should realise before it’s too late, we should understand thestructure and people perception about these sites; we should not let thesesites affect people the way it is already affecting. In many ways thesesites affect the users, it dampens their cognitive abilities, it affects thecreativity of the user, it also affects the social anxious users, these usersdepend on these sites more because of the socialization abilities, and as wehave seen these users are among the group which is really affected and devastatedbecause of these sites.Cyberbullying is ananother important aspect to throw light upon this is the section of people who,when not treated properly end up having social anxiety, but when they arebullied even through the networking sites, it will have severe consequences,having trust issues and diminished social interaction, they bring up futuregenerations in the same and highly unhealthy environments.

This is why we shouldunderstand the depth of the situation and address this in a constructivemanner, we should help kids from cyberbullying, so we should have awarenessclasses similar to the ones on sex-ed and should give them psychologicalsupport. There should push from institutions of all types, business,educational, government etc; to reduce the time spent on these sites, a majorpush away from existing social networking sites be implemented.References 1.

     “Excessiveuse of Twitter among college students in the UK: Validation of the MicroblogExcessive Use Scale and relationship to social interaction and loneliness.”Computers in Human Behavior by Ndasauka Y, Hou J, Wang Y, Yang L et al. (2016)2.      Socialnetworking sites and mental health: friend or foe? Retrieved on January18, 2018From     Collin,Philippa, et al.

“The benefits of social networking services.”(2011).4.     Yeung,Ching-man Au, et al.

“Decentralization: The future of online socialnetworking.” W3C Workshop on the Future of Social NetworkingPosition Papers. Vol. 2. 2009.5.     Lee-Won,Roselyn J.

, Leo Herzog, and Sung Gwan Park. “Hooked on Facebook: the roleof social anxiety and need for social assurance in problematic use ofFacebook.” Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 18.10(2015): 567-574.6.     Hofmann,Stefan G.

, Anu Asnaani, and Devon E. Hinton. “Cultural aspects in socialanxiety and social anxiety disorder.” Depression and anxiety 27.

12(2010): 1117-1127.7.     Cyberbullying: Social media’s darker side. Retrievedon January 18, 2018. From     Heirman,Wannes, and Michel Walrave.

“Assessing concerns and issues about themediation of technology in cyberbullying.” Cyberpsychology: Journal ofPsychosocial Research on Cyberspace 2.2 (2008).9.     Sachdev,Ruchi. “Impact of social networking sites (SNS) on the youth of India: Abird’s eye view.

” College of Management Studies Kanpur (UP) India (2013). 


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