In pattern. The SNS sites have harmful effects,

In the present day
where people are connected more via the network, it is important to know the
effect of it on the youth, this is focussed on youth primarily for two reasons,
and youth are the largest users of these sites. Some of us stay away from home;
some have friends who don’t stay close, relationships of this type are
dependent on these sites. Also these sites as a major source of past time
activities and people spend significant time on these sites. It is very important
for people to know its impact.

Social networking sites
are online platforms which people use to connect to others; it is an electronic
form of social connections. A site is termed as SNS if it helps people
socialize with friends or for non-social interaction and sites for specific
information and for resources.

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Examples Facebook,
LinkedIn, Quora etc;

This is interesting and
important at the same time because this not only helps us understand the
harmful effects of the SNS on the youth but also helps us understand the
pattern. The SNS sites have harmful effects, it has a potential to make the
youth depressed. On one hand we are seeing that social media or social
networking sites (In this context would be used interchangeably) are reducing
the loneliness it is also causing as they accommodate socialization, at the
same time it has a tendency to effect in a bad way.

Indian youth should be
against social networking sites because they make people dull, stressful and
cause depression and anxiety issues. Studies have shown that excessive usage
twitter can cause very little socialization (Ndasauka Y, Hou J, Wang Y, Yang L et al. (2016) “Excessive
use of Twitter among college students in the UK: Validation of the Microblog
Excessive Use Scale and relationship to social interaction and loneliness.”
Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 963-971.)

The argument here is a
two sided one, we can see people who wants to champion the fact that SNSs are
creating a very healthy environment and are helping people have a very sound
mental health. (https://www.nationalelfservice.net/mental-health/depression/social-networking-sites-mental-health-friend-foe/)
The research is a scientific one and used enough quantitative data to support
the stance. (The article is based on papers)

 

Now that we can see
that evidences from both sides are scientifically testable and since it has a
huge bearing on the Indian youth, we should try and understand it from the
qualitative aspects and understand and analyse the effect on the youth.

There are studies which
proved that SNSs can improve the creativity of the users, content sharing is an
increasing phenomenon among the youth and also created a concept of shared
history and creative content. These aspects by definition show us that the use
of the sites is a significant contributor for creativity, this is also, in some
form communicative exchange so this helps in increasing the understanding the
broad concepts of culture, ethnicity and also literacy and technical skills of
the users.

(Collin, Philippa, et al. “The
benefits of social networking services.” (2011).)

On the other hand we
have another side of the argument that these sites are restrictive in nature,
so they hinder the creativity. This is a qualitative research, we can see that
the use of the sites and etc; can cause considerate amount of pressure about
privacy and the limited control, the restrictive nature of the sites in
general; these features are not the healthy ones to

 

operate in and
obviously effect the way in which people think and can cause the issue with
creativity.

(Yeung, Ching-man Au, et al.
“Decentralization: The future of online social networking.” W3C
Workshop on the Future of Social Networking Position Papers. Vol. 2. 2009.)

The major argument here
is that the use of SNS is highly connected to the aspect of stress, depression
and dull, this is very much relevant and we can understand how it works. There
is a concept called Need for Social Assurance (NSA), this is feeling where
people want to have some company to feel better. So those who are socially
anxious with high levels of NSA are more likely to have a problematic use of
Facebook. Socially anxious people by definition will have an association with
facebook use.

The study speaks of
facebook but it can be generalised on the major social networking sites because
the way in which these sites operate or affect the individual is the same, so
the sort of implications it has will be the same. So the social anxious people
and the people with need for social assurance will have the problematic use of
SNS.

The paper identifies
social anxiety as something which alludes to self-presentational fear about
being adversely assessed by others in social interactions, fundamentally emerges
from absence of certainty in self-presentational abilities.

The NSA has been
created using a scale of 1 to 5 using empirical methods. So the study strongly
suggests that those people who are social conscious in general will have a bad
experience with these sites, this shows us the effect of the SNS on the youth.

 

(Lee-Won, Roselyn J., Leo Herzog, and
Sung Gwan Park. “Hooked on Facebook: the role of social anxiety and need
for social assurance in problematic use of Facebook.” Cyberpsychology,
Behavior, and Social Networking 18.10 (2015): 567-574.)

We see a high
prevalence of social anxiety among Indian youth, and this as we have already
seen; social anxiety and depression is not a good sign, as they can cause
problems when they use the social networking sites, because socially anxious
people tend to use these sites as they don’t have to face their anxiety and end
up creating problems for themselves. With the amount of social orders and norms
in the society and raising expectations it is bound to happen and we can see it
the aspects leading to social anxiety has been prevalent in India so we can say
there is significant amount of social anxiety in India.

(Hofmann, Stefan G., Anu Asnaani, and
Devon E. Hinton. “Cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxiety
disorder.” Depression and anxiety 27.12 (2010):
1117-1127.)

 

Cyberbullying is a
serious threat and it is accommodated and aggravated by the use of social
networking sites. India is in a grave danger when it comes to this aspect
because we have a huge proportion of people who are victims of cyberbullying.
We rank 3rd in the proportion of users who are victims of such
brutality. This is something we should pay attention because the psychological
affect is hard to recover and this questions India’s celebration of the fact
that we are the youngest nation in the world.

(http://www.dnaindia.com/lifestyle/report-cyberbullying-social-media-s-darker-side-1712080)

 

“Cyberbullying involves the use of
information and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated, and
hostile behaviour by an individual or group that is intended to harm
others.” (Belsey, 2008, p.1)

Much has been composed
on the effect of conventional bullying and there is sufficient confirmation
that few exploited students get past harassing unscathed. We can constrain
ourselves here to talking about the outcomes for the casualty. In synopsis,
academic performances fall apart because of decreased fixation amid lessons,
constant absenteeism and poor associations with peers. Absenteeism is of two
types when there is physical presence and when there is no physical presence
also, this is of serious order in sexual abuse, but it is of equal relevance
here also because people are using social media at a very tender age and these
activities can have serious impact on the kid’s future performance.

(Heirman, Wannes, and Michel Walrave.
“Assessing concerns and issues about the mediation of technology in
cyberbullying.” Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace 2.2 (2008).)

 

Considering the study
we can understand that this is a serious issue because this has, as the numbers
suggest this as an aggravating phenomenon, it is accounted to cultural
differences and international exposure, while some cultures see this as an
event of normal happening or they might not see it as a problem of higher
degree on the other hand some might see it from the same spectrum. So it is the
use of the sites that is to be blamed. Cultural immersion and international
exposure are bound to happen, and it is a good thing but it should not have a
negative incentive.

So there are a lot of
issues with the usage of SNS, a report that was submitted on the effects of
these sites, it is important than all the others because this is a report which
is geographic in nature for India.

 

In the study members
were asked whether they have ever had an awful long range informal
communication encounter. A significant number of respondents in a review (28%)
revealed having had a negative online involvement with grown-ups matured
underneath 30 the destined to trade this (60%). These members were requested to
give additional data about the negative understanding. For most respondents the
encounter reflected undesirable contact or individuals posting in fitting or
annoying data on the web.

(Sachdev, Ruchi. “Impact of social networking sites
(SNS) on the youth of India: A bird’s eye view.” College of Management Studies
Kanpur (UP) India (2013).)

So if we see although
there are certain studies which say the use of SNS improves the mental
conditions, these are not really representative as we can see many of the data
sources and the reports suggest these sites have a lot of negative impact on
the users.

This negatives of SNS outweighs
its pros so we should realise before it’s too late, we should understand the
structure and people perception about these sites; we should not let these
sites affect people the way it is already affecting.

In many ways these
sites affect the users, it dampens their cognitive abilities, it affects the
creativity of the user, it also affects the social anxious users, these users
depend on these sites more because of the socialization abilities, and as we
have seen these users are among the group which is really affected and devastated
because of these sites.

Cyberbullying is an
another important aspect to throw light upon this is the section of people who,
when not treated properly end up having social anxiety, but when they are
bullied even through the networking sites, it will have severe consequences,
having trust issues and diminished social interaction, they bring up future
generations in the same and highly unhealthy environments.

This is why we should
understand the depth of the situation and address this in a constructive
manner, we should help kids from cyberbullying, so we should have awareness
classes similar to the ones on sex-ed and should give them psychological
support. There should push from institutions of all types, business,
educational, government etc; to reduce the time spent on these sites, a major
push away from existing social networking sites be implemented.

References

1.     
“Excessive
use of Twitter among college students in the UK: Validation of the Microblog
Excessive Use Scale and relationship to social interaction and loneliness.”
Computers in Human Behavior by Ndasauka Y, Hou J, Wang Y, Yang L et al. (2016)

2.      Social
networking sites and mental health: friend or foe? Retrieved on January
18, 2018

From https://www.nationalelfservice.net/mental-health/depression/social-networking-sites-mental-health-friend-foe/

3.     
Collin,
Philippa, et al. “The benefits of social networking services.”
(2011).

4.     
Yeung,
Ching-man Au, et al. “Decentralization: The future of online social
networking.” W3C Workshop on the Future of Social Networking
Position Papers. Vol. 2. 2009.

5.     
Lee-Won,
Roselyn J., Leo Herzog, and Sung Gwan Park. “Hooked on Facebook: the role
of social anxiety and need for social assurance in problematic use of
Facebook.” Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 18.10
(2015): 567-574.

6.     
Hofmann,
Stefan G., Anu Asnaani, and Devon E. Hinton. “Cultural aspects in social
anxiety and social anxiety disorder.” Depression and anxiety 27.12
(2010): 1117-1127.

7.     
Cyberbullying: Social media’s darker side. Retrieved
on January 18, 2018.

 From http://www.dnaindia.com/lifestyle/report-cyberbullying-social-media-s-darker-side-1712080

8.     
Heirman,
Wannes, and Michel Walrave. “Assessing concerns and issues about the
mediation of technology in cyberbullying.” Cyberpsychology: Journal of
Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace 2.2 (2008).

9.     
Sachdev,
Ruchi. “Impact of social networking sites (SNS) on the youth of India: A
bird’s eye view.” College of Management Studies Kanpur (UP) India (2013).