IntroductionAccording to Nordquist R. (2017, July 10) Communicationis the process of sending and receiving messages through verbalor nonverbal means including speech or oral communication, writing or writtencommunication, signs, signals, and behavior. More simply, communication is said tobe “the creation and exchange of meaning.”Media critic and theorist James Careyfamously defined communication as “a symbolic process whereby reality is produced,maintained, repaired and transformed” in his 1992 book “Communication as Culture,”positing that we define our reality via sharing our experience with others. Because there aredifferent kinds of communication and different contexts and settings in whichit occurs, there are many definitions of the term.
More than 40 years ago, researchers Frank Danceand Carl Larson counted 126 published definitions of communication in”Functions of Human Communication.”As Daniel Boorstin observed in”Democracy and Its Discontents, the most important single change “in human consciousness inthe last century, and especially in the American consciousness, has been themultiplying of the means and forms of what we call ‘communication.'” This isespecially true in modern times with the advent of texting, e-mail and social media as forms ofcommunicating with others around the world. HUMANAND ANIMAL COMMUNICATIONNordquist, E.
(2017, July 10) also statedthat all creatures on earth have developed means in which to convey their emotions and thoughtsto one another. However, it’s the ability of humans to use words to transferspecifics meanings that set them apart from the animal kingdom. Berko expresses in”Communicating: A Social and Career Focus” that human communication occurson the public, intrapersonal and interpersonal levels wherein intrapersonal communicationinvolves communication with the self, interpersonal between two or more people, andpublic between a speaker and a larger audience either face-to-face or overbroadcast like television, radio or the internet.Still, the basic components of communicationremain the same between animals and humans. As M. Redmond describes in”Communication: Theories and Applications,” the communication situations share basic elementsincluding “a context; a source or sender; a receiver; messages; noise; andchannels, or modes.
” In the animal kingdom, there exists a largevariance in language and communication between species, coming close to human formsof conveying thought in several cases. Take the vervet monkeys, for instance. DavidBarash describes their animal language in “The Leap from Beast to Man” ashaving “four acoustically distinct kinds of predator-alarm calls, evoked by leopards, eagles,pythons and baboons.” RHETORICALCOMMUNICATION — THE WRITTEN FORMSomething else that separates people fromtheir creature cohabiters is our utilization of composing as a methods forcorrespondence, which has been a piece of the human experience for over 5,000 years. Actually,the primary paper — circumstantially about talking adequately — is evaluated to be fromaround the year 3,000 B.C. beginning in Egypt, however it wasn’t until significantlylater that the overall public was viewed as proficient. Still, James C.
McCroskey notesin “An Introduction to Rhetorical Communication” that texts like these”are significant because they establish the historical fact that interest in rhetoricalcommunication is nearly 5,000 years old.” In fact, McCroskey posits that most ancient texts werewritten as instructions for communicating effectively, further emphasizing earlycivilizations’ value of furthering the practice thereof.Through time this reliance has only grown,especially in the Internet age. Now, written or rhetorical communication is one of thefavored and primary means of talking to one another — be it an instant message or a text,a Facebook post or a Tweet.
Communication is used by everyone in theworkplace. You will find that communicating occurs at every level, between everyone.Employees communicate with one another, with managers, with customers- managerscommunicate with staff, each other and clients. The absence of adequatecommunication can lead to frustration and a lowering of morale.
When aims, goals and targets arenot properly communicated, there can be a decrease in productivity in a company,confusion and unrest can intensify greatly. Lack of communication can negatively affectworkplace relations.Communication has many benefits. Namely, if amanager can communicate their ideas clearly, so that staff member understands thegoals and procedures required, they can perform their tasks correctly and thebusiness functions well.Good communication skills enable managers tolet employees know what they are doing well and what aspects might need someimprovements.With a good level of communication betweenall levels of staff and employers, misunderstandings can be avoided, or workedout quickly and efficiently so that there is an improved work place atmosphere.
Open lines of communication can lead tobetter job satisfaction as employees feel their ideas and problems are heard and appreciated.Good communication skills can also help buildrelationships with clients and customers, increasing the success of a business.If a leader or employers is incapable of communicating,then he/she will never be able to encourage or motivate others to work tothe best of their abilities.Good communication skills also boost anemployer’s ability to develop relationships with their staff members and clients. It can be apowerful tool in gaining trust and respect.
Overall, it facilitates a productive andengaging workplace.There a few key elements to being a good communicator.Be interested in other people, ask questions that are genuine and listen totheir answers.
Be positive and decisive, look at people when you are speaking to them,keep a sense of humour, be realistic. How to start communicating effectively?Consider- what, why and whom,What is the message, why are you communicating thismessage and to whom are you directing the message. Asses the level at which you arepitching your message, how much convincing will be involved and the level ofknowledge of those you are communicating to and be clear, concise and use plainEnglish. II. Howdoes workplace communication affect the workers?Important AdvantagesWork environment correspondence isfundamental to an association’s capacity to be profitable and work easily.
1. Workplace communicationimproves worker productivity.Research has shown that effective lateral andwork group communication leads to an improvement in overall company performance.It has also been discovered that employees who were graded as highest inproduction had received the most effective communication from their superiors. Forexample, Gertrude works in engineering, and her prototypes of toys receive accolades. Sheis an effective communicator about her designs and how they will be played with inreal life by kids. In addition, she receives specific guidance from her superiors,allowing her to create designs quickly and efficiently. 2.
Workplace communication can increaseemployee job satisfaction.Employees feel empowered if they are able tohave upward communication. This type of communication is when information flowsupward in an organization and usually consists of feedback. If bosses or managersare able to listen to employees and respond, this leads to an increase in employeejob satisfaction.
In addition, employees are also happy ifthere is intense downward communication, which is information flowing down fromsuperiors or managers to direct reports. Gertrude recently sent an email to her bossrecommending that her department upgrade its design software. Her upwardcommunication feedback was not just acknowledged but also acted upon, resultingin a very happy design team. 3. Workplace communication can also have apositive effect on those who are always absent and turnover rates.
Correspondence stream is critical tospecialists. Workers need to feel secure that they are accepting honest and refresheddata from bosses. They likewise need to be able to share thoughts, considerationsand worries inside the organization. Studies have demonstrated that even after acutback, organizations that have brilliant correspondence are ready to hold thesurviving representatives. III.Written and Oral communication in EngineeringIf the next generation of engineers is tocontinue solving the world’s greatest challenges, they need both rich technicalcompetencies and the ability to clearly communicate their ideas to others.While U of T Engineering’s many academiccourses equip students with engineering fundamentals, the Faculty’s EngineeringProgram Communication (ECP) enables them to learn the necessary writing, speaking and criticalthinking skills to succeed in their careers.This fall, ECP will offer the Faculty’s firstacademic certificate in communication.
Engineering students will have the ability to developtheir expertise in particular communication areas of interest. Established 20 years ago by SeniorLecturer RobertIrish (ECP, EngSci), ECP includes a robust suite of educational offerings—fromone-on-one student tutoring to curriculum design and consultation. They now have fivefull-time senior lecturers and three dedicated sessional lecturers in key roles,as well as 37 other sessional lecturers and teaching assistants.U of T Engineering sat down with ECPDirector DeboraTihanyi (ECP) to learn more about the program and how it benefitsengineering students: What does the EngineeringCommunication Program offer the Faculty?ECP’s educational offerings are embeddedthroughout the Faculty and are available to all undergraduate students.
We partner withour Engineering colleagues to develop instructional and assessment materials thatwill best serve students, fostering a culture of excellence that continues beyond theclassroom.Our program includes a number of curricularand co-curricular student supports, as well as guidance for faculty and teachingassistants. We lead stand-alone communication courses, co- instruct design andcommunication classes and assist most of the capstone design courses across the Faculty.Outside of the core curriculum, we offer fiveelectives designed specifically for engineering students, as well as creativewriting workshops in the fall and summer. We have a Tutoring Centre that provides onlineand in-person sessions to assist students’ in their course work, graduate school and jobapplications and more.How is the ECP improvingengineering education?There is an integral relationship betweenlearning and communicating.
We use language to teach, ask questions and express ideas. Theability to articulate ourselves aids—and even underpins—our understanding.This is where ECP comes in. Our supports notonly enable engineering students to develop as writers, speakers and thinkers, but alsoenhance their learning by making core engineering concepts easier to grasp.
Students learn toformulate thoughtful questions and express ideas. This, in turn, lays the groundwork forsuccess in the classroom and beyond.Why are communicationskills important to engineering students?The volume of writing that is required duringan engineering degree often surprises students, but effective communication is alsovital for success in the real world.Engineering is a multidisciplinaryprofession. A single project may involve teamwork with business specialists, psychologists andpublic health officials, to name a few. The ability to collaborate and communicateeffectively with a diverse team, as well as express complex concepts to a non-technicalaudience, is an asset.ECP helps students develop into proficientwriters, speakers and communicators, both in print and online. More than ever,these skills are vital to engineering leaders.
Thereare two types of types of communication that can be used on the field or jobthat youmay know the written and oral communication. IV. What is the written type ofcommunication?Thereare three basic steps on the writing process: 1.Pre- Writing: Brainstorming, gather and outline ideas about the content of yourreport. Itis equally important to consider your reader at this point.
2.Writing: Select and sort out the substance of your report and decide the compositionof yourstructure.3.Editing and Revising: Configuration your draft and finish your report. Edit andif requiredmodify substance and ensure that tone, style and substance are proper. Redressblunders in linguistic use and spelling andalter to enhance composing style andlucidity. The composed sort is the kind of correspondence where on account of Engineersit is the reports and proposition composing and thus, propelled composing abilitiesare fundamental for effective practice in the Engineering calling. What is an Engineer’s Report?When you pitch a property inBC you’re required to set up a Property Disclosure Proclamation (PDS) sopotential purchasers know about any conceivable imperfections in the property.
You, as amerchant, must not hide any deformities you’re mindful of. In case you’re offering astrata-titled property – an apartment suite, townhouse or any multifamily intricate whereyou claim your unit in addition to an offer of the basic zones – you should incorporate any Designer’sreports or building envelope investigation on the property. However, whatprecisely constitutes an architect’s report? Should you just incorporate designers investigatessuspected issues or blemishes, or do you have to incorporate any specialist’sreport that exists, regardless of how normal? As of late the BC SupremeCourt made a decision on that inquiry after it expelled a apartment suite dealer’srupture of agreement suit. The purchaser had revoked his agreement just some timerecently fulfillment guaranteeing that the dealer had excluded a specialist’s report in thePSD. The issue was that the specialist’s report being referred to was not incited by asuspected mechanical or auxiliary issue that would should be settled; it was asked for bythe strata enterprise so they could design their uses for substitution and rebuildingas the building matured. This sort of designing report is known as a possibility hold subsidizeconsider (CRFS) or devaluation report.
The court decided that any reportarranged by a building firm should be revealed in a dealer’s PDS. So on the off chancethat you are getting ready to offer your apartment suite or townhouse, ask your stata committeeand building administration about every one of designer’s reports onanything to do with the condition of the propertyWhat is an Engineers proposal?A proposition is a depiction of the work you will finish on an undertaking.The subtle elements incorporated into a proposition rely upon theundertaking’s extension and who will read the archive. Normally, associations publicize arequirement for proposalsand counseling engineers react to the need. In any case, as adesigner, you may establish that an issue exists, and in this manner, propose answers for anassociation.
For this situation, you should first persuade the office that the issueexists before proposing your answers. Counseling engineers aren’t the main architects whocompose proposition. For example, in the scholarly community, engineers composerecommendations to get subsidizing for their examination or even to start a venture. Afew architects create recommendations to be perused and affirmed by administration whileothers send recommendations to particular financing offices or customers. Composedcorrespondence is a sort of correspondence where the Engineers arecomposing sections or sentences in regards to the things that they do in thefield.
V. What is the Oral communication?Oralcommunication implies communication through mouth. It includes individuals conversingdiscussions are all forms of oral communication. Oral communication is generallyrecommended when the communication matter is of temporary kind or where a directinteraction is required. Face to face communication (meetings, lectures, conferences,interviews, etc.
) is significant so as to build a rapport and trust. TheOral presentation in the case of the Engineers iswhere they present a project or they want to present the materials they are going to usefor the project which is called the bidding. Oral presentation can be an advantage for anEngineer because it can be the cause of acceptance or rejection of the project. Oral type communicationhas advantages and also disadvantages:Advantages of Oral Communication:1. There is high level of understanding andtransparency in oral communication as it is interpersonal.2. There is no element of rigidity in oralcommunication. There is flexibility for allowing changes in the decisionspreviously taken.
3. The feedback is spontaneous in case oforal communication. Thus, decisions can be made quickly without any delay.4. Oral communication is not only timesaving, but it also saves upon money and efforts.5. Oral communication is best in case ofproblem resolution. The conflicts, disputes and many issues/differences can beput to an end by talking them over.
6. Oral communication is an essential forteamwork and group energy.7. Oral communication promotes a receptiveand encouraging morale among organizational employees.
8. Oral communication can be best used totransfer private and confidential information/matter. Disadvantagesof Oral Communication:1. Relying only on oral communication may notbe sufficient as business communication is formal and very organized.2. Oral communication is less authentic thanwritten communication as they are informal and not as organized as writtencommunication.3.
Oral communication is time-saving as faras daily interactions are concerned, but in case of meetings, long speeches consume lotof time and are unproductive at times.4. Oral communications are not easy tomaintain and thus they are unsteady.5. There may be misunderstandings as theinformation is not complete and may lack essentials.6. It requires attentiveness and greatreceptivity on part of the receivers/audience.7.
Oral communication (such as speeches) isnot frequently used as legal records except in the investigation work.How to prepare an Oral presentation?There are five steps in constructing aneffective oral presentation:1. Planning: Gather your thoughts. Whatis the content of my presentation (what?), what is the purpose of thepresentation (why?) and who is my audience (for whom?). Take into accountconstraints of time (when? and how long?) and space (where?).2. Designing: Determine the structureand content of your presentation. The content should be limited to what servesthe purpose and be organized in a way that suits the audience.
Formulate thecore message and its headlines. Define the main message you want youraudience to remember and substantiate your arguments.3. Creating slides: Compose yourpresentation and create slides. Keep in mind that each slide should convey onlyone message.
Limit the amount of information on each slide and usevisual aids to keep the attention of the audience.4. Delivering the presentation: Masterall channels and master your content. Control your verbal and nonverbalactions.5. Answering questions: Listen to andmake sure you understand each question.
Take your time to think about youranswer and construct an answer that is brief and to the point. Whatare the materials used to Communicate?One of the most frequently used in the fieldof Engineering for communication is the CAD or Computer-Aided Design. Whatis CAD?CAD (computer-aided design) software is usedby architects, engineers, drafters, artists, and others to create precisiondrawings or technical illustrations. CAD software can be used to create two-dimensional (2-D)drawings or three-dimensional (3-D) models. Howcan Engineers use CAD to communicate?As a CAD or PC supported plan expert, you’llutilize programming to make outline plans for structures and apparatus. You could workin an extensive variety of businesses from designing and development to assembling.
Computeraided design assumes a critical part for robotized plan illustrations instructural building. Sketchers principally utilize CAD and the plan investigation gave by thestructural specialist. For basic tasks or those with a constrained spending plan,engineers utilize CAD to a bigger degree than normal CAD is for the most part utilized fornitty gritty building of 3D models or potentially 2D illustrations of physicalsegments, yet it is additionally utilized all through the building procedure from calculated planand design of items, through quality and dynamic investigation of congregations tomeaning of assembling techniques for segments. AutoCAD is a Computer-AidedDrafting programming program which is utilized to make outlines for structures,scaffolds, and PC chips, among other things. AutoCAD programming is being there atdifferent businesses for a long time yet at the same time it has a similar significance.
Computeraided design is a conveying material where Mechanical and Civil Engineersadvantage a considerable measure. VI.ConclusionCommunication is very important in ourdaily lives at home, school, work and even when you buy something outside. It is somethingthat will never disappear, that’s why you have to sharpen you communicating skill.
In work most ofthe time you have will have to communicate to make things done. Submitting a report orpresenting a project in your office or company you should have very good skill on communicating.Communication can be in a form of written or oral. Written requires writing skills andvocabulary skills for you to write a good paragraph that could lead to promotion. Oral communicationrequires verbal skills and vocabulary skills also and both of this form requires grammaticalskills.
Practicing every day is the best way to be good at everything nothing is differentregarding communication. A good writer and speaker is always being respected.