Hope theoryperceived an individual’s ability to create method to reach one’s desiredgoals.
Hope theory says that hope is actually the result of two processes: (1)pathways, or believing that one can find ways to reach desired goals; and (2)agency, or believing that one can become motivated enough to pursue those goals(Synder, Rand, & Sigmon, 2002). Pathway thought represent the perceived abilityto find several routes or ways to one’s desired goals. With little formaleducation Michael had, he couldn’t cope with the classes in Wenger ChristSchool. While most of his teacher believes that he is unteachable, except hisscience teacher, Mrs. Boswell believes that he is not stupid as other teachersthought, she knows that Michael’s learning method is different with the rest ofthe students in class. Mrs. Boswell found Michael is good in listening whilepoor at reading and writing part, that’s the reason he couldn’t answers theexam papers.
Hence, Mrs. Boswell finds other ways to assist Michael which ishaving verbal exam with him. As a result, Michael’s grades have an obviousimprovement. Apart from that, Leigh Anne found that Michael needed 2.5 CGPA to bequalified to get the first-class scholarship for the National Football League butMichael’s current CGPA is too low. After discussing with her husband, Mr.Tuohy, they decided to hire a private tutor who is Miss Sue to assist Michael’shomework. As a result, Michaels successfullyget the opportunity to sign with the university he desired for.
These examples fromthe movie shows that an individual can achieved desired goals by the way ofhope theory which is pathway. An individual should generate multiples pathwaysfor their desired goals, if a path gets blocked one should consider the otheroption. However, pathways are uselesswithout the associated agency-inducing cognitions (Snyder, Cheavens, &Michael, 1999; Snyder, Michael, & Cheavens, 1999). These agency thoughtsare reflected in the positive self-talk that is exhibited by high-hopeindividuals (e.g., “I can do this” or “I will not give up”; Snyder, LaPointe,Crowson, & Early, 1998). High-hope people are sustained by their agencythinking when confronted with challenging situations or impediments (Snyder,1994, 1999).