Hate crimes and hate speeches are something which is done by the actors using Right to expression, Right to freedom and other rights pushing the life of citizens in danger. So, limitations should be applied to the rights that’s what Ecuador believes.Ecuador is a country which believes in giving rights to everyone and therefore is the first country to declare right to nature.
But at the same time when these rights are misused by certain people creating Havoc in the society making people’s life vulnerable, Ecuador believes that certain restriction must be kept in order to avoid hate crimes.Ecuador is blessed with a magnificent beauty of Amazonian rainforest and one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. It is a country of 16.4 million people, mostly speaks Spanish and bordered by Columbia on the north and Peru on the east and south.
With huge diversity of people Ecuador still manages to give equal rights to each and every citizen on contrary it also restricts certain rights in order to avoid social harm.As far as the agenda is concerned, it can be discussed into incitement to hatred towards ‘online’ and ‘offline’. Hate crime is the most important factor for countering incitement to hatred online and offline. According to the delegate, hate crime can be defined as a crime which is usually motivated prejudicially involving violence on the basis of one’s origin or membership in an ethnic, national, racial or religious group, sexual orientation or personal conviction.
According to Ecuador when an individual expresses intense and irrational emotion of criticism, enmity and abomination towards an individual or a group creating hatred or violence is known as HATE SPEECH. It can take many forms such as written, non-verbal, visual or artistic, and can be disseminated through any media, including internet, print, radio, or television. Ecuador is one among the forty-eight countries that signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December 1948 which universally protects the fundamental human rights. Ecuador has also signed and ratified International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD), Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT), Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), The American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR).
Ecuador Human rights policy clearly follow Article 20(2) of the ICCPR which sets limitations on freedom of expression and requires states to prohibit certain forms of speech which are intended to sow hatred, namely “any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitute incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence should be prohibited by the law”. It also says that States should be obliged to ban any speech that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence.