GEOPOLITICALRELATION WITH CHINA. INTERNATONALRELATION AND STRATEGY SYMBIOSIS CENTRE FOR MANAGEMENTSTUDIES, PUNE Geopolitical relation between India and china Motivationfor choosing this topic The mainmotivating factors for choosing this topic are several some of them arementioned below1. Curiosity in the subject 2. Lack of knowledge of china 3. Lack of knowledge of trade relationswith China 4. Curiosity to learn more about theborder disputes 5.
Curiosity to learn more about thebilateral relation between Pakistan and China I am hoping to learn more about the importance ofgeopolitical relations especially between two countries with a lot ofsignificance.I am also wanting to understand the reasons for the borderdisputes. Originand nature The origin of Geo-Political relation between India and Chinastarted in the second century BC through the “Silk Road” the silk road played a vital role as historical networkof trade routes started by the Han Dynasty.
This led to India and china prospering in trade between eachother since ancient times. Silk road also played an important role in thespread of Buddhism as well as certain Chinese cultures in India.Both china and India had signed a “Panchsheel Treaty” which is a non- interference treaty. This treatyhas 5 main principles which both the parties involved should adhere by 1. Mutualrespect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.2. Mutualnon-aggression.3.
Mutualnon-interference in each other’s internal affairs.4. Equalityand cooperation for mutual benefit.5.
Peacefulco-existence. India-Chinawar The Indo-China War, also known as the Sino-Indian BorderConflict, was a war between China and India that occurred in 1962. A disputedHimalayan border was the main pretext for war, but other issues played a role.
There had been a series of violent border incidents after the 1959 Tibetanuprising, when India had granted asylum to the Dalai lama. Under a ForwardPolicy, India placed outposts along the border, including several north of theMac Mahon Line, the eastern portion of a Line of actual Control proclaimed byChinese Premier Zhou Enlai in 1959. The Chinese launched simultaneous offensives in Ladakh andacross the McMahon Line on 20 October 1962, coinciding with the Cuban missilecrises. Chinese troops advanced over Indian forces in both theaters, capturing Rezangla in Chushul in the western theater, as well as Tawang in the eastern theater.The war ended when the Chinese declared a ceasefire on 20 November 1962, andlater withdrew from the disputed area.
The Sino-Indian War is notable for the harsh conditions underwhich much of the fighting took place, resulting in a large-scale combat ataltitudes of over 4,250 meters (14,000 feet). This presented enormous logisticsproblems for both sides. The Sino-Indian War was also noted for thenon-deployment of navy or air force by either the Chinese and Indian sides. Borderissues China as the longest land border in the world, with 22,000 kmborder shared with 14 different countries, North Korea, Russia, India, Nepaljust to name a few.China’s quest for national security and then expansion hasbought the country right to the battel field.
It is important to note that notall border disputes are about demarcation of the line itself, it could have todo with resource extraction, trade or exported labor etc. Currentsituation. IndianexportIndia’s Export to china in FY 2012-13 was Rs. 73,529 crores. whichin year 2016-17 declined to Rs. 68,417 crores. India’s total export in FY2012-13 was Rs.
16,34,318 crores. it increased to Rs. 18,52,399 crores in FY2016-17. India’s export over previous year has increased by 7.92% in FY2016-17.
China’s export constituted only 3.69 % of total export bill. IndianImport India’s Import from china in year 2012-13 was Rs.
2,84,384crores. In FY 2016-17 It has been 4,11,124 Crores. India’s Total Import in FY2012-13 was Rs. 22,29,161 Crores. India’s total Import increased to Rs.25,77,421 in FY 2016-17. India’s IMPORT over previous year has increased by 3.
50% inFY 2016-17. Import from China constituted whopping 15.95 % of total exportbill. Total trade between India and China in 2012-13 was Rs.3,57,914 Crores which increased to Rs. 4,79,542 in FY 2016-17.
India’s totaltrade in FY 2012-13 was Rs. 43,03,480 and it increased to Rs. 44,29,761.India’s Total Trade has increased by 5.3 % over previous Financial year. India is having negative trade balance with china since2012-13, in 2012-13 it was Rs.
-10,34,843 crores. In 2016-17 India’s tradebalance with china is Rs. -7,25,081crores.Learnings Over the course of completing my assignment I have gained alot of knowledge in relevance to the geopolitical relationship between Indiaand China.
These are a few key points I found interesting. 1. India andChina share an ancient relationship since the early 200 BC.2. Trade hasbeen taking place between India and China since the discovery of the silk route.3.
Silk routeplayed a vital role for China for trade of goods, ideas, human resource as wellas culture.4. India suffersa trade deficit of over 45 Billion US Dollars which should be of concern forthe Indian economy.5.
There are continuous border disputes evenafter both the countries signed the “Panchsheel Treaty”.6. China iscurrently building their naval base on 2 of the islands bought from Srilanka,even after India’s order.7. China uses their resources very strategically toboost their economic supremacy example China’s relation with Pakistan and Srilanka.8. There areno advancements towards a free trade agreement between India and China. Recommendationsfor the future India should work on several aspects to better compete with anation such as China.
I have mentioned a few points that I personally feel Indiashould work towards.1. Firstly, Indiashould try and balance the trade deficit we suffer with China.2. This can beachieved be importing fewer goods, investments and services form china and in turnstart increasing the exports strategically.3. Next keyaspect is the border issues, India and China should reach a clear term withrespect to the border issues and China should respects India’s wishes regardingthe naval base construction near Srilanka.
4. Both Indiaand China should come together to form a free trade agreement.5. This will benefitboth the countries as India can provide raw materials and China can provideIndia with the necessary technology.6. Chinas growthmodel isn’t the most stable growth market meaning if China would stop exportingand manufacturing in the current rate the Chinses economy will burst like abubble.