from air traffic control. No approval is needed

from airports without prior notification to airport and air traffic
control. No approval is needed from the FAA to fly your drone under the Special
Rule for Model Aircraft, but drone operator must always fly safely. Drone user
is required to register their aircraft if it weighs between 0.55 lbs. and up to
55 lbs. The cost of registration is $5 for three years. Drone owners must
provide their full name, physical and mailing addresses, and an email address. Surprisingly,
the age requirement to register is only 13-years-old. Drone owner also have the
option to register their drone to help in the recovery of lost equipment. No
specific location has been designated for flying drone beside the 5 miles
radius of airport and the maximum 400 feet in height rules. Overall, civilian can
fly their drone under a few restrictions. Federal lawmakers have suggested
several bills to fix the problem with current federal drone legislation.
Similarly, state lawmakers are trying to address the privacy concerns by
encouraging legislation directly targeting civilians and commercial drone
operators from using their drones illegally (Cash 2016, 698).  However, the FAA faces difficulty when they
try to design rules that are not too broad or too narrow. They had to analyze
how the new regulations apply to new and current aircraft to ensure that the
definition is broad enough to target all forms of drone or unmanned aircraft,
without regulating current manned aircraft (Cash 2016, 708).However, states can create and enforce their own laws
in additional to existing federal laws. This is because every U.S. state is
also a sovereign entity and is granted the power to establish laws and implement
them according to their needs. In 2015, twenty states passed legislation aimed
at drone use. Eight of these new laws are concerned with privacy invasion by drone
operators. Arkansas ban the use of a drone to prevent any acts that would leads
to surveillance and privacy invasion. Similarly, Florida passed a new law that
ban drone user from taking images of private property or occupant of a property
without obtaining consent. Maryland enacted a law that prevents individual
other than the state from enacting law that control the drone activity.
Mississippi passed a law stating that a drone commits any type of “peeping Tom”
activities is a felony. North Dakota set limitations on how hobbyists can use their
drone for surveillance purposes (Cash 2016, 719). Overall, each state is still
busy implementing their own regulations. Some states have enacted stricter
restrictions on consumer drones, banning them in public parks, neighborhoods, churches,
and schools. However, some new state laws present potential conflict with the FAA
regulations (Wingfield 2016).

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            A
federal law applies to all 50 states whereas state laws only applies within
that state. Although
the FAA has a significant amount of regulations on how commercial and law
enforcement can use drones, there are only a few rules that applies to civilian
drone user. While videos and footage capture by drone user are positively
portrayed on YouTube and other popular social media, they are also raising
debate about their behavior. Since there is no clear regulation to obey, drones
have been hovering freely in public areas, triggering discomfort and
controversial issues (Rao, 87). There is no definitely answer to pin point which
state laws will successfully control the use of drones or which law will
withstand challenges. However, civilian who travel with their drone might be
unfamiliar with other state regulation and could unintentionally violate a law,
subjecting themselves to penalties. To reduce the issue of contradicting drone
laws, federal and state should establish same regulations to prevent any
confusion for drone user. Currently, consumer is not required to register their
drone when they make the purchase. This is a reason why it is difficult to
track drone operators. The second suggestion is to strictly enforce these rules
by requiring all drone consumer to register their device. Surprisingly, the age
limit to register personal drone is only 13-years-old. The third suggestion would
be to increase the age limit for registered drone user. Although, the device
can be light weight and small, it can still pose threat at the speed of how
fast it can potential fly. Most importantly, the device can be dangerous in the
hands of negligent minor who is not aware of the potential risk.  

Conclusion

6

            Despite the advantages of the drone
industry, it has created several challenges such as safety, privacy, and
security concerns. The increase in drone incidents makes sense given the fact
that there is an increase in the drone market. The expansion of the drone
industry is consuming the limitations inherent to manned aircraft because
drones are low-cost and requires little work. Typically, drones are built on
some small frames, use affordable and easily available components that can be
purchase anywhere online.  Again, the
rapid transformation of drones available to civilians has created many issue.
For example, drones are currently disrupting the work of police helicopters and
firefighters. The effect on society could be harmful if people begin to believe
that someone is surveilling them or their love ones. Currently, laws aimed at
drone hobbyist is in a constant state of adjustment as the technology and drone
user increases. Additionally, states that have established laws aimed at drones
contradicts the FAA laws, creating confusion to drone user.