Fairly accelerated large flow of migrants from different

Fairly
recently the news has popularised the term migrant crisis, to respond to the
large flow of economic migrant and refugees, some also call this a refugee
crisis but this has some inaccuracy to it, all refugees are migrants but not
all migrants are refugees despite people using the terms interchangeably,
refugees are escaping conflict seeking refuge whereas migrants have a multitude
of reasons to move from country to country. Many see this as a threat to their
jobs and housing, leading to some hostility between locals and the migrants.
Many are also concerned for their safety after multiple terrorist attacks from
Islamic extremists, which many believe were caused by people who are hiding as
refugees and are able to cross country borders due to countries opening their
borders, be it down to pressure from neighbouring countries or because their
governments want to be seen as ‘progressive’ which doesn’t seem to have worked
out well for some, for example in Germany, where before they opened their
borders Angela Merkel had a majority in the country, but after the recent
elections her party has a minority meaning she’ll have to form a coalition
which as of writing this seems to be at a standstill (Young-Powell, 2017).

The UK
government accepts someone as a refugee if he or she has fled their own country because of a “well-founded fear of being
persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a
particular social group or political opinion”. Those words are from the Geneva
Convention on refugees, a United Nations agreement that the UK is signed up to.

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The government also allows
people to stay in the country to keep them safe without granting them refugee
status as defined by the Geneva Convention. When we refer to “refugees” or
“asylum grants” in this article, we’re including these other forms of asylum,
such as Humanitarian Protection or Leave outside the Rules for human rights reasons

This report
will outline some possible solutions to the accelerated large flow of migrants
from different sources reflecting on where their from and any biases they may
have due to this.

Firstly some solutions from Amnesty, an organisation
dedicated to the upholding of human rights. This source seems to be current as
it refers to the “refugee ban” that Donald Trump put in place earlier this
year. These nine
solution can be separated into two groups, solutions the public can offer and
solutions that the government and organisations can offer to migrants.

For the
public there are two solutions “Embrace technology” and “Help newcomers settle
in” both are good solutions as they help refugees settle into new countries and
help them in the long term, which can help future refugees as it will be easier
to communicate with those that don’t speak the local language.

For the
government solutions many seem to be temporary solutions that may lessen the
impact of future refugees by allowing past and present refugees to integrate
into the country and would allow them to help future refugees (Amnesty, n.d.)

Secondly,
some solutions from the European Commission, this paper is written as a report
and may reflect the views of the author, however the paper itself doesn’t seem
to show any solutions and only shows how further research can help to solve the
situation. Most of this research however seems to be for testing possible
solutions, but without contacting the author or having a transcript of the conference,
I feel I can’t make a truly accurate picture of what suggested solutions the
author puts forward actually are or what the author believes in regards to
reducing the number of migrants and refugees. (European Comission, 2016)

Finally,
some solutions from Khalid Koser, some background research on him doesn’t seem
to bring up much to show any bias, however it does bring up that he is an
expert in migration which does help to validate him as a source on this topic.
All of his solutions are aimed towards governments and businesses to help
reduce the impact of future migrants. The first three solutions are
preventative measures to help reduce the number of refugees and to help prevent
the loss of life caused by smuggling, he does point out that closing one route
may put the migrants in more danger as the smugglers will just go a different
route. The other two solutions are ways to help migrants settle in the
countries they go to. Koser however does seem to confuse refugees with migrants
at first glance, but this may not be the case as he does refer to refugees and
labour migrants separately. (Koser, 2015)

In conclusion there are a number of different ways to
combat the migrant and refugee crisis which both governments and the public can
use, however it seems that only the former can actually effect the substantial influx
of migrants and refugees.

In my opinion, there is no definitive way to reduce
the number of migrants as there will always be refugees as there will always be
some conflict the only difference being where the conflict takes place,
reducing the number of economic migrants on the other hand is quite simple, by
only allowing long term residents of the country work and government benefits
less migrants will come unless they are truly looking for work, however it
would violate human right laws so the better option would be to just start by
reducing the number of benefits that migrants can receive immediately without
working to deter those that wish to exploit the generosity of countries’
governments.