DEPARTMENT sand helps fulfil that purpose. EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS

   DEPARTMENT OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERINGCOVENANT UNIVERSITY,CANNANLAND OTA,OGUNSTATE,NIGERIA.PET327PETROLEUM ENGINEERING LABORATORYSAND CONTENT EXPERIMENT GROUP FOJO FAITH OGHENEMUZAKPEME15CN03279DATEPERFORMED : 19-01-2018DATESUBMITTED :21-01-2018   ABSTARCTThe knowledge ofsand content in petroleum engineering is very important. Sand is one of thefactors that must be avoided in the drilling fluid.

Sand content in thedrilling fluid must be checked and evaluated in other to avoid damage to thedrilling fluid and formation. Sand content is determined by sieve analysisbeacause of reliability of test and simplicity of equipment. Sand contaminationcontent determination is done in all petoleum engineering laboratoryfacilities.                    TABLEOF CONTENTABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………………2INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………4EXPERIMENTALAPPARTUS…………………………………………………………..5SAMPLE USED FOR THEEXPERIMENT……………………………………………6PROCEDURES……………………………………………………………………………….

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.7RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS…………………………..…………………………….

8PRECAUTIONS……………………………………………………………………………..9CONCLUSIONS………………………………………………………………………………10REFERENCE…………………………………………………………………………………..11                INTRODUCTIONThepurpose of this experiment is to help determine the sand content In a specific amountof drilling fluid.

And sand is a very big disadvantage to the drilling fluid,ad so therefore it is very prominent to know the sand composition for every drillingfluid to be used. The apparatus used for knowing the sand content In a drillingfluid is the “SAND CONTENT KIT” which contains the measuring tube, wash bottle,combined fuel with screen mesh. The sand content kits finds the volume per centof sand sized particles in the drilling fluid.

Drilling fluid is a fluid used indrilling oil and gas wells. It has various advantages. One is to maintain downhole pressure.

The addition of sand helps fulfil that purpose.                  EXPERIMENTALAPPARATUS1)    The sand content kit.Which contains a)     Wash bottleb)    Funnelc)     Measuring tube d)    Sieve 2)    Measuring cyclinder3)    Weighing balance4)    Spatula5)    Electric Mixer                 SAMPLEUSED FOR THE EXPERIMENT (PROCEDURES)SAMPLE11)    Measured 35g of bentoniteand 350ml of water.2)    Pour mixture into electricmixer to have homogenous mixture.3)    On the measuring tube is apoint called the mud level, pour this mixture to reach that level.4)    Also on the same measuringtube contains water level, add water to the mixture to reach the water level. 5)    Shake vigorously to ensureunity.

6)    Pour mixture into theemesh.7)    Take wash bottle to washremaining sand content to ensure all the mixture in the measuring tube getsinto the mesh.8)    Invert the mesh containinga funnel in it, and take wash bottle containing water and pour it over the meshcontaining the sand particles, to allow to fall into measuring tube.9)    Allow the sand particlesto settle before taking the percentage of sand content. SAMPLE21)    Measure 3520ml of water inthe measuring cylinder2)    Measure 35g of bentobiteusing the weighing balance3)    Measure 10g of barite usingthe weighing balance4)    Repeat procedures 3-9 fromsample 1       RESULTSAND DISCUSSIONSAftermy experiment was carried out I found out the percentage of sand contentcontained in the drilling mud to be 0.

5%for sample 1 while 0.5% for sample 2. This was done with the aid of a sand content kit.                       PRECAUTIONS1)    I ensured I avoided errordue to parallax when taking my readings on my measuring tube.2)    I ensured that my mixtureswere thoroughly mixture to get homogenous mixture.3)    I ensured that the sandparticles I poured into the measuring tube settled before I commenced with myreadings.

                   CONCULSIONSToconclude, I will say that the sand content of any drilling fluid must be knownbecause of that damages that sand procure to drilling equipment.                       REFERENCESPet313 Lesson Notes. Dr Okoro                     

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