In this chapter, the researcher will
discuss the results in detail based on the data gathered and collected in
Chapter 4. The chapter will explain the challenges of reading printed books
amongst students in digital era and the suggestions for the future are also
included in this chapter.
The study found that the relevancy of
printed books is still valid in this digital era because most of the students
in Malaysia are still relying on paper or printed materials. The printed books
is still relevant especially among students is because the printed books are
eases the students way to jot down the notes as compared to digital books. Even
though digital books offer the unique and better platform which also can
bookmark so many keywords but then, the researcher can assume that the students
are more prefer to jot down the notes in their own notebooks.
Besides that, on the findings, the
relevancy of printed books in digital era also can be validate as most of the
respondent state that one of the reason is because the value of the books
itself. As we know, the emergence of indie books has become trend in Malaysia. According Abraham
(2016), on his writing based from Datuk Dr. Zurina Hassan, our young
readers are supportive on reading the popular Malay fiction which is written in
the modernized version of Bahasa Melayu and peppered with generous amounts of
This shows that most of the students
are still reading printed books even though they only read zeros to three books
in a month. Everyone has their own perception on how valuable the books is but
the researcher predicts that every book has their own sentimental value which
someone can fall in love with after see the cover, read the content, touch it
or even smell the books.
Other than that, the printed books are
still relevant in this digital era because according to this research, the
researcher found that mostly the respondents want to read printed books is
because to fill their leisure time and not read because of the certain purpose
like to pass in examination but to gain more knowledge and they understand
better when they read through paper.
The emergence of technology nowadays gives
challenges towards printed books. This is because Malaysia does not want to
miss the chance to exploring the implementations of eBook for students. But
based on the study, researcher found that the printed books are still get
demand from students. Meanwhile, the demands of eBook in Malaysia are quiet low
as compared to other country. Based from statistic, Malaysian user penetration
of eBook is expected at 6.1% in 2018 which is still low compared to Thailand
user that expected to lead at 13.3%, followed by Singaporean user at 13.2% (Urara, 2018).
According to the findings in this
research, the researcher can conclude that there are positive and negative
effects if the eBook is being implemented for students. The positive effects of
the implementation are students easy to find information rather than printed
books. This is because eBook serve the better navigation which will save time
and cost for students to search the information. The students no need to find
the book on shelf but they can easily browse the title of the books or keyword
they want to search within a second without wasting their times.
Other than that, the positive effect
that can be found based on this research is that eBook is easy or light in
weigh rather than printed books. Besides, the eBook provide a thousand books
inside it and it save the students money. This is because as a student they
will need more than five books for their references. With eBook they do not
need to waste their money to buy many books that are thicker and heavy to be carry
everyday especially to go to class.
However, the implementation of eBook
also has the negative effect toward students. According to the research found
that most of the respondent agrees that the implementation of eBook will cause
rapid eyes fatigue. These statements are reasonable as students need to face
the eBook for more than one hour and need to turn on the brightness for the
eBook. Besides, if the eBook is being implemented in education, the student
also will become lazy as the eBook already serve all things in it and this
could lead to plagiarism cases or even copyright cases.
The use of technology and digital
media in Malaysia are arising year by year. This can be seen through gadget,
wireless and web in other to gather information faster than before. Hence, the
youngster reading habits towards printed books nowadays are decreasing
significantly. Not even that, the social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and other social networking
site also contribute to one of the significant reason why the printed books has
In this study, the researcher found
that it is important to enhance reading habit as culture among students and
young adult nowadays. This is to avoid any consequences that in the future the
printed book will gone and the eBook become trend. It is true that, we cannot
avoid that thing from happen but it is to make sure that in the future, the
printed books are still available and not fully abolish.
Based on the result, the research
found that most of the respondents say yes on the important of printed books in
order to enhance their reading habits. Besides, the respondent also read
printed books on purpose which to gain knowledge and they easily understand the
text through paper and not only read to pass in examination. Other than that,
the researcher found that the content in printed books is one of the reasons
that could lead to arising of reading among youngsters.
In order to develop the reading habit
among students significantly, the researcher examine that, most of the
respondent says that the parents encouragement is the important element that
need to be examine which can lead to reading habit. This is because the first
lesson is from home. The encouragement from parents since childhood is
important because the children can imitate what that has learned and it will
become habit until they growth up.
Reading a book might seem outdated
among the teenagers nowadays as the invention of gadget and smartphones rising
rapidly throughout the world. The implementation of eBook seems the best way,
in other to gain reading habit among Malaysian especially students which it is very
useful for education; even though this will give challenges on printed books.
As for conclusion, the invention of
eBook actually eases the work for all people include the students, teachers,
and workers as the eBook is designed in very compact size, with the interactive
features content, very light in weigh and easy to carry everywhere as compared
to the book.
Even the invention of eBook growth
rapidly worldwide but we should not forget out conventional system which is printed
books. The book will not be forgotten as the whole still need a book as one of
reference in the future. Both eBook and also printed books has their own
readers and the pros and cons between these systems. Besides, both conventional
system and modern system has the same function which to convey a message and
information towards the readers.
As for a printed books, a joint
venture between the government, private organizations, and society as a whole
is very important in order to foster interest in reading among students as the
future heir Malaysia. There is no use if the regular resolution, decided to
find a solution if the implementation is not carried out systematically and
But in the era of modernization today,
eBook dominate the global market due to the rising of technology nowadays.
Although the eBook market has the potential to be marketed globally through
education, we cannot forget our conventional system which is printed book.
It is become clear that E-Book will
not make the print books suddenly obsolete, because print books offer unique
advantages that eBook cannot yet exceed. The effect of eBook growing will be
rather, a slower more nuanced, undoing of tenet that have upheld book culture
for five centuries.
Based on the findings of this study,
there are several recommendations that the researcher endorses in order to
improve the future research under the same scope. This also can help the
researcher to improve the finding of this study to get the better result. As
the study is about the challenges of reading printed books amongst students in
digital era, it need on more in the future in order to see the does the growth
of technologies and also to make sure the printed books still can survived in
5.3.1 Recommendation to
Based on the research study, most of
the respondents think that the initiative is from the encouragement of parents
since early childhood is important. This is absolutely true because we can see
that most of the parents nowadays does not encourage their child to read printed
books but they leave their child with gadget as it is more fun, attractive and
makes the child preoccupied with the games in that gadgets.
In the future, I would like to
recommend to the next researcher to do in depth study on the trend of reading
either printed or digital books. Besides, the next researcher can also make a
qualitative research by interviewing a few publishers or government
organization like MABOPA in order to know the market sales of printed book.
This is due to the limitation of constraint that makes me difficult to do a solid research and
accurate data of the research
to the Government
Besides, the government should
increase the programs that related to printed especially in school. The
government can also help the local publishers by giving fund to publishers to
make the activities that can includes the society to increase the reading
cultural. The government also can make a reading campaign every month
especially towards youngsters nowadays.
The researcher also recommends that,
the publishers need to know the trend and types of reading content in the
printed books. This is because to gain reading habit especially on printed book
seems so hard to be done. But yet, if the publisher manage to design a good content, good storyline and a good cover
design it is possible that the printed still can be survive in the future
rather than digital books.