BACKGROUND intellectually and to get others to do

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Language is central to or pervasive in the realm of
human. Language forms the basis of whatever social cohesion we can attain,
determine our worldview. Language intimately links the past with the present
and the present with the future. Human beings need language to grasp things
intellectually and to get others to do so, to a large extent, language defines
humanity.

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The MTB-MLE or the Mother Tongue
Based – Multilingual Education is the usage of language that the child had
learned first, or the language of the locals in the province /city where the
child was born or is studying. One of the 
changes in Basic Education Curriculum  
brought about by the  new  K-12 program 
is the  introduction of Mother
Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) specifically in Kindergarten,
Grades 1, 2 and 3. It is meant to address the high functional illiteracy of
Filipinos where language plays a significant factor. Since the child’s own
language enables her/ him to express him/herself easily, then, there is no fear
of making mistakes (Capitol University 2007). The mother tongue instruction is
very important not only to develop a strong educational foundation, but also to
strengthen the cognitive development of learners (J.D Ricablanca, 2014).
According to June Jordan (2009), “You will never teach a child a new language
by scoring, ridiculing and forcibly erasing his first language.” Children who
read and write in the mother tongue before learning another language not only
are more successful second language learners but also excel more quickly than
their peers who did not  become literate
in their first language (UNESCO, 2003).   

            Science and Mathematics are subjects
that are hard to understand and are the major keys to the child’s education in
the near future. Knowing that these subjects are difficult, teachers tend to
use foreign language in teaching these subjects that makes understanding the
subject matter even harder. The research would benefit the students because
they would be taught mathematics and science through their mother tongue
language (Cebuano for this case) where they can understand more and express
more their thoughts or the new concepts they have learned. Series of lessons
and tests will be given in english and cebuano, then data will be gathered and will
be analayzed. Comparison of the results and data will occur, and then will be
followed up by the conclusion of which language the students performs the best.

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