Artificial statistics, probability and economics.”AI invites many opportunities

Artificial intelligence will be a big part of our near future. In researching artificial intelligence (also known as “A.I”) I have learnt many things that I will share with you. So what is A.I? Any device that observes its environment and takes actions accordingly to maximize its chance of success at a certain goal or set objective. The term “artificial intelligence” is used when a machine can mimic “cognitive” reactions that humans obtain such as “learning” and “problem solving”.Capabilities broadly classified as AI as of 2017 include: successfully understanding human speech, competing at a high level in strategic game systems (such as chess and Go), autonomous cars, intelligent routing, content delivery networks (such as youtube), military simulations, and can render complex data, including images/videos.Advancements in AI are prominent but there are many aspects that go into artificial intelligence just like the human mind, such as: “reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects”. AI commonly includes: “statistical methods, computational intelligence, mathematical optimization, neural networks and methods based on statistics, probability and economics.”AI invites many opportunities for ethical debates about the human mind for example; Claims that human intelligence “can be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it”. This unfortunatly raises philosophical arguments about the “nature of the mind” and ethics of creating artificial beings given “human-like intelligence”. Some people consider AI as a danger to all humanity if it progresses inevitably. Then Others believe that AI, unlike past technological revolutions (like phones), will create a risk of mass unemployment.Machines with AI have the potential to use their intelligence to make ethical decisions. These programmable methods include: “machine ethics”,”artificial moral agents”, and “malevolent vs. friendly AI”. As I mentioned earlier, a common concern about the development of artificial intelligence is “the potential threat it could pose to humanity”. This concern recently gained attention after mentions by celebrities like Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates, and Elon Musk. A group of extremely intelligent people and tech titans! Artificial intelligence is an outstanding advancement in technology as should be seen as an accomplishment for mankind. Although it is not yet perfected and implicates various moral and ethical predicaments. I hope to see positive advances in the future of AI.   Artificial IntelligenceCheckpoint two:Article one:http://www.bbc.com/news/topics/ce1qrvleleqt/artificial-intelligenceArticle two: http://www.cnn.com/2017/09/05/opinions/russia-weaponize-ai-opinion-allen/index.html With Titles like “Hundreds of finance jobs at risk from artificial intelligence” -BBC, i’m not surprised that people aren’t partial to AI. Artificial intelligence is an outstanding advancement in technology, but with articles like these the reader begins reading about AI with the first thought going into it being about how he could lose his job to a robot. “There will certainly be job losses in Jersey as a result of technology” according to the head of Jersey Finance stated in the article by BBC. The writer uses shocking quotes of relevant people to intrigue yet scare the reader into wanting to know more. It is known that there are many dilemmas about AI that may be prominent in the future. Gaining significant attention after mentions by celebrities like Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates, and Elon Musk.Additionally BBC used comments like: “Geoff Cook says modelling suggests a few hundred roles could go in the island’s financial services industry, as automation will mean certain jobs no longer need to be done by humans.” to further convince the reader that there is a real concern about AI threatening human jobs/positions. Another article from CNN also used similar tactics to captivate the reader’s attention. The title reads; “Putin and Musk are right: Whoever masters AI will run the world”. Using famous figures like Elon Musk is a powerful tool because people are aware of his intelligence and involvement in AI. they use him to convince the reader that there’s a high level of credibility to the issue.On january 12th, a million Russian schoolchildren watched a televised address from Russian President Vladimir Putin. “Artificial intelligence is the future, not only of Russia, but of all of mankind,” Putin said. “Whoever becomes the leader in this sphere will become the ruler of the world.” After seeing Putin’s broadcast, SpaceX and Tesla CEO Elon Musk tweeted: “competition for AI superiority at national level (is the) most likely cause of WW3.””Over the past five years, Russia has been aggressively investing in new military robotics and unmanned systems, and testing these systems in Russia’s conflicts in Ukraine and Syria.” These facts are alarming and shine a new more scary light on the future of AI.Artificial IntelligenceCheckpoint 3:Rough ScriptPhysicist Stephen Hawking, Microsoft founder Bill Gates, and SpaceX/Tesla founder Elon Musk have expressed concerns about the possibility that AI could evolve to the point that humans could not control it, with Hawking theorizing that this could “spell the end of the human race”.But Before we get to the end of the human race let’s begin at what artificial intelligence is. So what is A.I? Any device that observes its environment and takes actions accordingly to maximize its chance of success at a certain goal or set objective. The term “artificial intelligence” is used when a machine can mimic “cognitive” reactions that humans obtain such as “learning” and “problem solving”.Capabilities broadly classified as AI as of 2017 include: successfully understanding human speech, competing at a high level in strategic game systems (such as chess and Go), autonomous cars, intelligent routing, content delivery networks (such as youtube), military simulations, and can render complex data, including images/videos.Advancements in AI are prominent but there are many aspects that go into artificial intelligence just like the human mind, such as: “reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects”. AI commonly includes: “statistical methods, computational intelligence, mathematical optimization, neural networks and methods based on statistics, probability and economics.”AI invites many opportunities for ethical debates about the human mind for example; Claims that human intelligence “can be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it”. This unfortunatly raises philosophical arguments about the “nature of the mind” and ethics of creating artificial beings given “human-like intelligence”. Some people consider AI as a danger to all humanity if it progresses inevitably. Then Others believe that AI, unlike past technological revolutions (like phones), will create a risk of mass unemployment.If an AI system replicates all key aspects of human intelligence, will that system also be sentient? will it have a mind which has conscious experiences? This question is closely related to the philosophical problem as to the nature of human consciousness.Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein considers a key issue in the ethics of artificial intelligence: if a machine can be created that has intelligence, could it also feel? If it can feel, does it have the same rights as a human? The idea also appears in modern science fiction, such as the film A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, in which humanoid machines have the ability to feel emotions. This issue, now known as “robot rights”, is currently being considered by, for example, California’s Institute for the Future, although many critics believe that the discussion is premature.Other predicaments are being discussed as well for instance In the book Superintelligence, Nick Bostrom (the author) provides an argument that artificial intelligence will pose a threat to mankind. He argues that AI, if it chooses actions based on achieving some goal, “will exhibit convergent behavior such as acquiring resources or protecting itself from being shut down”. If this AI’s goals do not reflect humanity’s – one example is: “an AI told to compute as many digits of pi as possible – it might harm humanity in order to acquire more resources or prevent itself from being shut down, ultimately to better achieve its goal.” This growing concern in artificial intelligence recently gained attention after mentions by celebrities including Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates, and Elon Musk. A group of prominent tech titans. including Peter Thiel, Amazon Web Services and Musk have committed $1billion to OpenAI a nonprofit company aimed at championing responsible AI development.The opinion of experts within the field of artificial intelligence is mixed, with sizable fractions both concerned and unconcerned by risk from eventual superhumanly-capable AI.One proposal to deal with this is to ensure that the first generally intelligent AI is ‘Friendly AI’, and will then be able to control developed AI’s. Some question whether this kind of check could really remain in place as the technology advances further.Leading AI researcher Rodney Brooks writes, “I think it is a mistake to be worrying about us developing malevolent AI anytime in the next few hundred years. I think the worry stems from a fundamental error in not distinguishing the difference between the very real recent advances in a particular aspect of AI, and the enormity and complexity of building sentient volitional intelligence.”There are also many advances in Military AI as mention in an article by CNN: On january 12th, a million Russian schoolchildren watched a televised address from Russian President Vladimir Putin. “Artificial intelligence is the future, not only of Russia, but of all of mankind,” Putin said. “Whoever becomes the leader in this sphere will become the ruler of the world.” After seeing Putin’s broadcast, SpaceX and Tesla CEO Elon Musk tweeted: “competition for AI superiority at national level (is the) most likely cause of WW3.” In January 2015, Elon Musk donated ten million dollars to the Future of Life Institute to fund research on understanding AI decision making. The goal of the institute is to “grow wisdom with which we manage” the growing power of technology. Musk also funds companies developing artificial intelligence such as Google DeepMind and Vicarious to “just keep an eye on what’s going on with artificial intelligence. I think there is potentially a dangerous outcome there.”Over the past five years, Russia has been aggressively investing in new military robotics and unmanned systems, and testing these systems in Russia’s conflicts in Ukraine and Syria.” These facts are alarming and shine a new more scary light on the future of AI. Although news articles (like BBC and CNN) express their negative opinions on AI (refer to BBC article from checkpoint two) I believe that Artificial intelligence is an outstanding advancement in technology and should be seen as an accomplishment for mankind. Although it is not yet perfected and implicates various moral and ethical predicaments. I hope to see positive advances and changes for the future of AI.

x

Hi!
I'm Simon!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out