An timed the participants running alone, and then

 Anexperiment to investigate the effects of presence of other people in relationto someone’s performance of a specific taskIanD. GomezIBPsychology HL WordCount- 1613             Tableof contentsAbstractIntroduction…………………………………………………………………….4 Method: Design……………………………………………………………….

…5Method: Participants…………………………………………………………….6Method: Materials/Procedures………………………………………………….

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.7 Results: Descriptive……………………………………………………………. 8Results: Inferential………………………………………………………………8Discussion/Conclusion……………………………………………………..……9List of sources……………………………………………………………………10 Appendix/Appendecies….

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… 11        Abstract         According to studiesparticipants are likely to have a better performance when contending againstothers or when they are put under the watch of others. This theory (socialfacilitation) was initially researched by Norman Triplett in 1898. Triplettnoticed that cyclists had faster times when racing against others compared towhen they were racing alone.

Since then, social facilitation theories havechanged and have become more developed after Triplett’s first conclusions andfindings.         In my experiment, I aimed to figure outif people perform better in groups compared to being alone. I presume to reachthis aim by testing the time it took participants to cover a fixed a distance.I initially timed the participants running alone, and then timed theparticipants running against others. There was a huge difference in these timesamong all participants in this experiment. All of the participants tested tendto have a faster time when running against other participants.

Socialfacilitation is a very precise theory and my experiment helped me to seerealize that more.          Introduction          “Social facilitation is the tendencyfor people to have a better performance when performing simple tasks when underthe eye of others or when competing against another, rather than while they arealone”. This theory has been proven in a range of studies.

The worldliest knownstudy that has been made about social facilitation was by Norman Triplett in1898.           Triplett observed the performancesof cyclists while watching a race. He noticed that the participants in the raceshowed a better performance and faster times when racing with others instead ofjust racing alone.

He came to the conclusion that the presence of competitorsplayed a factor to the major change of outcome in the bikers’ race. Thisobservation led Triplett’s enthusiasm into exploring the study of socialfacilitation. Triplett conducted a study that involved school-age childrenturning a fishing reel as fast as the can for a period of time. This led him todiscover that when the children worked in pairs their performance was overall bettercompared to when they worked alone.        In my replication of Triplett’sexperiment, I analyzed the presence of social facilitation when people wererunning a certain distance.

I timed each participant once when running aloneand another time when running together with a group. By comparing the time, myaim is to determine if the participants perform better in groups compared tobeing alone. The independent variable was the number of people racing, and the dependentvariable was the time.      Method      Design:        In my experiment, I used the repeatedmeasures. For the selection of my participants, I had a fifteen participantschoose a group number out of a bucket, to decide the group number they would bewith, and they were separated into random groups. Participants were given theoption to opt out at any time during the experiment. I was very ethical in thisexperiment.

I informed all participants of the procedure and what will berequired of them. All of the participants were studied at the same time and thesame location to avoid any differences or bias in the experiment.             Materials/ProceduresThe materials needed for thisexperiment was five stop watches, and pencil and paper with a previouslyconfigured chart (See appendix for chart).  It made the process very smooth because Ineeded only a few sources of information. •             Materials:- Pencil, stop watch Participants were given the consent form (see appendix for consent form) to sign and turn in before experiment begins.

•             Theintroduction and purpose of the experiment is read and explained toparticipants by the researcher. All participants divided evenly into three groups of five. Participants picked a random number out of a cup to make the division not bias.

Participants were separated into different groups. Group one went first. I timed the participants over a distance of 1 mile which is 4 laps around a track, each at a different time running alone. After, I tested the participants each when running with the entire group over that same distance. This process was repeated for groups two and three also. All results were written in my chart.

•             Debrief(see appendix) session was held after the experiment was completed.      ParticipantsMy target population was anopportunity sample. The participants of my study were chosen from members of mysoccer team. My soccer team, ages seventeen to eighteen, volunteered to participatein the testing. All participants were active, which meant that they were all onthe same athletic level, helping the calculations to be more accurate. Thegroup was chosen randomly and I only had fifteen people participating.              ResultsFor my experiment, I put together anordinal data.

I used an ordinal data because it can be tiered. I made the charts(see appendix) that showed the times of each participant when they ran the milealone and when they ran with a group. This chart made it possible for me tocompare each person and their fastest time. DescriptiveIn whole, out of the fifteenparticipants that took part in this experiment, twelve participants showed abetter performance when running against others.  Better performance means finishing thedistance in a faster time than the time when ran alone. My hypothesis wascorrect in my study.  I came to theconclusion that social facilitation was accurate in my experiment.

          DiscussionIn Triplett’s study, his results provedthat the bikers he studied performed better in a group than when they werealone. My results were fairly similar to Triplett’s. I discovered that when timeof participants running alone, they were slower than when they were put into agroup. I predicted this outcome in my hypothesis and my experiment revealedthat my predictions are correct in this case study.

My experiment had some strengthsand weaknesses. I was very ethical during my experiment by showing theparticipants respect and keeping them informed and aware of the process. This madethem be more compliant and easy to work with. In addition, another strength wasthe method that I chose to use to gather the required data. On the other hand,my main weakness was that I was restricted on the amount of participants that Icould test.

Due to the fact that this experiment could not be conducted in aclassroom, I had to find a different group of people that were willing toparticipate which was my soccer team. If I had the chance to experiment on amore assorted class, my results could have been more accurate.I am fully aware that my results cannotbe generalized, but I do trust that I have come to the right conclusion. Onlything ill chance if I had the opportunity to redo this experiment is I would testthe same groups more than once, on different days so that certain influencessuch as fatigue of the participants would not add to the results.In conclusion, according to theresults of my replication of Triplett’s experiment based on socialfacilitation, people perform better in groups compared to being alone.

   Listof resourcesMcClelland, G. (2009). SocialFacilitation. Retrieved from                         http://samiam.colorado.edu/~mcclella/expersim/introsocial.

htmlMohamed, N. (n.d). NormanTriplett’s Experiment. Retrieved from                 http://socialperformance.

weebly.com/Triplett’s Experiment on SocialFacilitation.  (2014). Retrieved from                https://prezi.com/hpfoz9iafuvq/tripletts-experiment-on-social-facilitation/Triplett, N.

(1898). TheDynamogenic Factors in Pacemaking and Competition. The American                 Journalof Psychology, 9(4), 507-533.          Appendix/Appendices Letter of consent formSocial Facilitation Experiment Researcher: Ian GomezDear participant, as part of my IBPsychology Internal Assessment, I am carrying out an experiment on socialFacilitation. This study is going to test your ability to solve a crosswordpuzzle by yourself and after in the presence of other participants. Yourparticipation will last no longer than fifteen minutes. You have the choice towithdraw/decline participation in this experiment at any given time with noconsequences.

There will be no risk or safety issues while participating, andyour identity will be kept confidential.—– I have been informed aboutthe nature of the experiment—– I understand that I have theright to withdraw from the experiment at any time—– I understand that all info ordata about me will remain confidential. My anonymity will be protected as myname will not be identifiable. —– The experiment will beconducted so that I will not be demeaned in any way—– I give my informed consent toparticipating in this experiment Participant signature:Date:Researcher phone number: 404 9335589 Chart Group Participant Time alone Time with group 1 1 6:00 mins  7:00 mins 1 2 5:45 mins 6:30 mins 1 3 6:45 mins  7:00 mins 1 4 6:20  mins 6:40 mins 1 5 6:10 mins  7:00 mins 2 6 6:30 mins  6:50 mins 2 7 6:20 mins   6:57 mins 2 8 7:15 mins   6:54 mins 2 9 6:00 mins   7:30 mins 2 10 6:05 mins   7:05 mins 3 11 7:30 mins  6:50 mins 3 12 6:00 mins 7:15 mins 3 13 5:55 mins 7:27 mins 3 14 7:00 mins 6:55 mins 3 15 6:07 mins 7:24 mins               DebriefMy aim is to determine if the participants perform better in groupscompared to being alone. Thank you all for participating in this experiment.

Your participation is greatly appreciated.  If you have any questions about this experiment,please contact me.Email- [email protected]             404 933 5589  

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