Abstract—At small firms offer products. We can use

Abstract—At present, the world’s population has
reached the 7.2 billion; life has become more fast and challenging. Time get
more importance than ever before and here there is a need to take of our
belongings. Isn’t it .We need to do multiple task every day. As the life
becoming busier the issue of lost and misplaced items is also increased
significantly. Today the human life surrounding with machines and technological
advancement reshapes the lives. There is need to resolve the lost and misplaced
item issue technologically. However, the various studies show the importance of
the issue. In recent years number of researchers and small firms work on the
technological solution of this issue and offer some good and effective propose
solutions and products. Theoretically it’s proved that Bluetooth based Devices
are the optimal solution for tracking via Smartphone. This regard many small
firms offer products. We can use Rfid help in bigger context. These products
are effective, cheap and free of cost to operate. But all these small firms are
not able to gain consumers attention. This paper recommends the small companies
and the big manufacturing companies to make products realted to lost and found
issues. Consumers have less confidence to buy the products from small companies
if these products are attached with the big companies the products will get the
proper attention of the customer. And we also observe that these products
features and usability should be properly advertised as the previous studies
illustrate that consumers avoid dealing with complex products.

 

Index Terms—Rfid Module,
Transmitter, Receiver, Arduino

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I.    
INTRODUCTION

As the 21st century approaches
the human life became very fast and busy. The human population reaches 7.2
billion according to 2014 statistic. The Smartphone industry is boosting by
each day to the extent that number of smartphones are estimated to exceed human
population in 2014. To date 5 billion smart devices are connected and it’s
estimated that 50 billion connected devices in 2020 (Texas Instruments 2013).
Technology advancement made our life easy but it the same time our life become
more challenging and busy ever before. Due to fast life the issue of lost and
misplaced item is also increasing day by day. Many surveys are been carried out
by different organization and researches to highlight the lost and misplaced
objectives problem. And the same time a lot of solutions are being proposed
academically and practically available in the market. But still the issue
remains and consumers demand the solution.

 

These solutions are hidden from
consumer. There is intensive demand of tracking devices. We also found that
there are lots of tracking devices are available in the market compatible to
operate with any smartphone. But still this issue cost much in all around the
world. There are a lot of individual and firms offer the tracking solutions
which are operated with smartphones. There are also special devices are offered
with different accuracy and range. The cost of devices are vary depends upon
the tracking technology. But we observe that it’s hard to carry multiple
devices all the time. So we need some tracking based solutions. And we also
found that the RF id tracking system is much more effective in it.

There many RF id based tracking
devices operated with smartphones are offered many small firms. These devices
are good, effective and cheaper in cost. In 2012 iPhone also offer Bluetooth
based tracking device named Navior, but according to almost surveyed audience
not aware about such solution and tracking devices offered by iPhone or other
small firms. Its mean devices with Bluetooth are not that much effective so we
need RF id tracking for much more effective tracking.

 

In this article we explore the
problem of misplaced and lost objective issue and how it’s critical and cost
time and money? Different surveys have been carried out at different time and
location to highlight the misplaced items issue and give the surprising
statistic. Statistic showed that we are wasting 177 billion annually for
searching the misplaced items, 200000 items are lost by an individual in the
entire life. We are wasting on average 16-55 minutes each day, and 1-3 year
lost in searching the lost item. And keys are at top of the list in lost items.
In upcoming section we will explain the misplaced items issues in detailed and
give some silent detail about the different technologies which can be used for
tracking. And we will also present the comparison of different technologies the
pros and cons for tracking quality and cost. On the bases of issue seriousness
and technological comparison we will present suitable practicable
recommendations and conclude all the investigation and solution of the problem.

II.    
LITERATURE SURVEY

Misplaced and lost objectives–
how it’s serious?

Today, as our lives becoming more
well-appointed it’s also creating pressure to work more. As a result our life
become fast and each day we need to deal with lot of different sort of work.
This issue creates the problem of unfocused to a particular task and overall we
became unorganized. It’s become very common to lost objective if someone
unorganized. According to American Demographic Society we can save 16 minutes
to one hour a day if we are more organized. Various studies has been carried
out to highlight the issue of lost and misplaced items, and results show that
now this issue is very common for all around the globe.

 

Different studies regarding lost
items issue 1

The loss and misplaced objective
issue cause many economic losses we divide these losses into three categories
in term of money, in term of time and in term of quantity of loss objectives.

 

Time

James Gleick

In 1999 James Gleick’s wrote the
book Faster (James Gleicks 1999), in which he wrote that we are spending 16
minutes of each day looking for misplaced items which is almost a year of
entire life searching for lost possessions. And most of the things are within
our range of search but we couldn’t search it on time. Normally we are losing
things in our house offices or in the car. Within this much small space we are
losing things and wasting our time which is on the average 16 mints of each day
this issue is increasing if we are involve in multiple tasks within certain
period of time.

 

Boston Marketing Firm

In 2004 a Boston marketing firm
carried out a survey on American adults and survey results shows that average
American 55 minutes of each day looking for misplaced things they are knowing
the place but not able to find out . That adds almost 14 days a year and 3
years of people lives consuming to find misplaced objectives.

 

Lost items cost Americans $5,591:
survey 4

Americans lose an average of
$5,591 over a lifetime. Car keys top the list of the most common items lost. We
spend a lot of time and money trying to keep track of all of our personal
belongings, when really we could be doing other, more important things. Of
those surveyed, 50% say they became frustrated the last time they lost or
misplaced an item. The most valuable item people have lost is a piece of
jewelry (25%). That followed by personal technology such as cell phones,
cameras and laptops (12%) watches (6%) and clothing (6%).Winter accessories
like gloves are also high on the lost list.

 

Top 10 items lost or misplaced

Car keys
House
keys
Winter
accessories
Clothing
Credit
or debit card
Wallet
Watch
or jewelry
Cash
Umbrella
Driver
license

 

Independent news UK 2

According to the press release of
independent new UK in 2005 this statistic is different than James Gleik’s
Study. This research is about “The time of our lives: what we spend our days
doing today” in which they stated that 31mints in a day we are searching for
lost items. Means almost two years of entire life we are just wasting in
searching objectives. 31 mints of each day we are wasting at offices and at home
for searching the misplaced items and most of the time we are not able to find
out these items on time.

 

Wall Street Journal

In the press release of Wall
Street Journal, the study is about office Executive how they are wasting their work
time in the offices. The study stated that on the average executives waste 6
weeks annually looking for important documents lost in among the clutter. And
an average of 40% of their workday wasted, because they were never taught
organizing skills to cope with the increasing workloads.

 

Money

 

Newswire PR, 2013 2

 

The survey determines that how
the wasting of time for searching lost items can cost similar to wasting money.
The results show that about 177 billion dollars are wasted annually in the
searching of lost or misplaced items on workplaces. It was also stated that
office workers waste averaging 30 minutes of their work time per week for
searching the misplaced items.

 

Lanna Cairns Survey

If someone earning $50,000 per
year, this loss will be equivalent to $3,842 per year for s single executive. The
waste time for searching lost objective is relatively high in Americans and
they consume more than 9 million hours each day looking for lost and misplaced
articles.

 

Quantity

Ensure Home Insurance Study

In early 2012, a survey at UK
present’s the lost items issue among the British national. According to
the  survey, British adults seems to be
on the average lost or misplaced almost 200,000 items and 230 days are wasted
for searching lost it in their life time by a single person. The majority of
people lose their things at home, workplace or in cars, but the ratio is
different among different professions to face the problems regarding the
misplacement of valuables. The survey also reports that items like Mobile
phone, Car keys, Paperwork/ documents, Purse/ wallet; Bank card, Laptop and
House keys are amongst the most common misplaced items.

 

 FBI Report 5

In various major cities, on
average people are putting over 200 lost items on daily bases to transit lost
and found departments. And Over 110 mobile phones are lost every minute in the
United State. FBI also reported that over 1.5M bicycles are stolen annually,
and more than half are recovered by police, but owners of the bicycles often cannot
be identified, and only “less than 5% are returned? to their owners.

III.    
PROPOSED METHODOLOGY

Inspecting lost materials range
through RF id Receiver Module.

Arduino Uno microcontroller for
operations.

3.1) The 4 pin RF id transmitter
chip is attached already to the lost material, when material goes out of 15
meter range the 4 pin transmitter sends signal to receiver . When the material
is in the range material is in the off mode sending no signals to receiver.

3.2) The 8 pin Receiver module
receives the transmitted RF ways by transmitter from 9V to 5V and sends it to
the microcontroller for the operations. Receiver comes into the active mode
once the material goes out of the range, the RF signals received from
transmitter then helps the user to know about his lost object.

3.3) At last the microcontroller
takes the input sended by receiver and perform the operations needed to
acknowledge the user through the buzzer sound, this sound keeps on increasing
when the element taken away from the range.

IV.    
Implementation

4.1.  
Components

Arduino UNO

Arduino Transmitter

Arduino Receiver

Batteries

Rfid Tags

Wires

Buzzer

Usb
Cable

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