Amethod through the process by which a woman consents to carry a pregnancy forsome other persons in a case where pregnancy is impossible to be carried onmedically is what is termed as surrogacy. A woman who carries a child for someother person is known as a surrogate mother. Generally, the reason for opting asurrogate mother is when the other person is unable to conceive, when the womanis missing the uterus either from her birth itself or have been removed throughsome surgery, when a woman has suffered miscarriages several times which makesher womb weak to carry a baby, or who have failed repeated IVF attempts. Ina narrow sense a surrogate mother basically lends her uterus to another couplein the cases where they are unable to have a baby due to medical problemsleading to various pregnancy risks, but in a broad sense it is method which hasproved to be boon to the various couples because through the process ofsurrogacy a couple unable to have a baby then has a hope of having their childand not ending up being a childless couple.
In this process a surrogate is artificially inseminated with the malepartner’s sperm and thus where a woman is infertile she has no geneticrelationship with the baby, known as the traditional surrogacy.Selectingthe surrogate is totally in the hands of the couple as it is completely goingto be related to their child and hence keeping in mind every aspect includingwhat would affect their child’s health, the decision-making power is in theirhands. Thus, essential criteria fit for being a surrogate mother includes-1. LIFESTYLEOF THE WOMAN – Healthy lifestyle of the woman who would be carrying the baby ofthe couple is one of the main criteria of her being a surrogate. The mainconcern of the intended parents is to keep a check whether the surrogate istaking care of her pregnancy in the way the parents would have taken if theywere carrying the child on their own. Along with healthy lifestyle she shouldlive a stable and a regular lifestyle in order to become fit for being asurrogate mother which includes not taking of any kind of drugs without theguidance of the doctor for maintaining the regular wellbeing of the child.2.
AGEOF THE WOMAN- For being a surrogate a woman needs to be at least 21 years oldand acceptance of the surrogate mother is till 38 years of age.