70%of the earth is covered in water, it is one of our greatest resources. Whenwe take advantage of our lakes, ponds, oceans, rivers, reservoirs etc. andstart abusing it, it’s water pollution. Pollution of water occurs when substances that will modify thewater in negative way are thrown in it.
Water pollution is leading us in apath of destruction. While the most common waterpollution diseases involve poisoning, it affects the digestivesystem or it causes human infectious diseases, water pollution may cause alarge variety of health diseases including: an Economistreport (dated 2008) each day over 1000 children die of diarrheal sickness inIndia and the numbers have only increased in the last five years, Infectious diseasescaused by pathogens, Diseases caused by pollutedbeach water and more. Researchersfirst found the floating islands of plastic and other trash more than 20 yearsago. Plastic has also been found in the stomachs of diverse marine life,including fish, whales, birds, and turtles. Many of these animals have beenfound washed up dead on the beach as a result of so much pollution. A studypublished in PLOS ONE estimates the global amount of ocean plastic that is basedon data collected during 24 expeditions from 2007 to 2013 along with informationfrom visual survey transects, the researchers model predicted that the oceanscontain “a minimum of 5.25 trillion particles weighing 268,940 tons.” Thelargest source of ocean plastic comes from discarded fishing nets and buoys andthat’s where the consumption and struggle comes for the marine animals who donot know the difference between what they really eat and plastic.
Power plantsuse more water than all other industries combined, mostly they use it forcooling systems but it is also for controlling pollution from smokestacks anddisposing of toxic coal ash. As a result from all of this, the coal-fired powerplants are also some of the biggest sources of water pollution along with therest in the country, they are responsible for dumping millions of tons of toxicchemicals into waterways, raising water temperatures, and killing billions offish. According to a Cornell University study, water pollution accounts for 80%of all infectious diseases. According to the same study, unsanitary livingconditions account for more than 5 million deaths a year. Increased demand for groundwaterhas resulted in a decline in groundwater levels in many places over the past 60years. This rapid loss has caused numerous environmental harms to streams,wetlands, and the animals which depend on healthy ecosystems.
Our watersneed protection and humans need to start to make change to fix water pollution.The NRDC insists the federal government to protect all U.S. waters under theClean Water Act. The clean water act protects about 60 percent of the nation’sbodies of water, they also fight for policies and practices that can ensure asafe and sufficient water supply through efficiency, pollution controls, bettermanagement, and infrastructure improvements, there are so many like this tryingto stop this excessive pollution and save our biggest resource. We humans needto make more of an effort to save our environment, it is affecting us and ourlives.
According to the US-EPA, “emissions from power plants contribute to over2,800 lung cancer deaths and 38,200 heart attacks annually in the US. The riskof cancer from breathing diesel gas is about ten times more than ingesting allother toxic air pollutants combined, with diesel emissions contributing to over70% of the cancer risk from air pollution in the USA.” Weneed a call to action to end water pollution, millions of people, and animalsare dying all around the world because of the contamination of our waters.Together as the people we are stronger we have a bright future for our worldahead of us if we take action of our country.