Before the
printing press was created, any literature and illustration had to be made by
hand. Using a wide range of materials to transcribe books. It wasn’t just
anyone who could do this, a job like this was regularly reserved for scribes
who lived and worked in monasteries. 1300s-1400s, people had developed a very
basic form of printing which involved letters or images cut on blocks of wood
which would then be dipped in ink and stamped onto paper. Then the invention of
printing press and movable type came along which created a huge cultural impact.

The Print technology brought major change to the polishing and knowledge
production in renaissance Europe when it first began back in the 1450s. since
then there has been a variety of printing techniques that designers can use, like
Wood Block, Letterpress, Offset, Phototypesetting, Flexography, Inkjet,
Silkscreen Printing and man more. A good example of handmade print work is
Sister Corita Kent, who was an artist during the 1950s. Her prints
featured phrases, incorporating advertising images, slogans and many more. One of
my favirout posters by Corita Kent is the Come Alive, (1967) poster.  Alan Kitching is another great graphic
designer who uses handmade machines to create his work. “I was never interested
in printing, the first thing I’d say when I came in to the studio in the
morning was ‘I’m not interested in letterpress printing, I’m interested in what
you can do with this stuff.’ – Alan Kitching He’s well known for his expressive
use of wood and metal letterforms. He creates great visual work and it makes me
look at printmaking differently. I personally hate creating print work hand
made me look at things differently. 

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