1. of Le Corbusier’s work in early half

1. Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University), Bihar NalandaNalandaNalandaNalanda Mahavihara or commonly known as Nalanda University in Bihar is the second world heritage site recognised by UNESCO. It is Buddhist monastery as well as a point of enlightenment from 3rd century BCE to 13th century CE. The renowned era itself speaks about as one walk in the corridor consisting of the stupas, viharas and shrines which are beautifully preserved.  Nalanda itself has been impeccable about Buddhism as a religion and has addressed it’s teachings for over 800 years. Scholars from all over the world, including the countries like China, Tibet, Korea and Central Asia were the part of the illustrious Vedic learning. Therefore Nalanda has marked itself as one the World Heritage Site. 2. Capitol Complex, Chandigarh Capitol Complex,  is situated in Sector 1 of Chandigarh. It is not only the astonishing architectural work of Le Corbusier but it even comprises of the Legislative assembly for both the states of Punjab and Haryana, the Secretariat and High Court building. It was built in around 1950s after the independence when Chandigarh was declared as the capital of Punjab and newly carved state of Haryana. The building has the modernist paragon of Le Corbusier’s work in early half of the 20th century. 3. Rani Ki Vav, Patan, Gujarat Rani ki vav, another world heritage site was constructed in 3rd century BC in the commemoration of the kings and exhibiting the Prehistoric Indian architecture. During the reign of Solanki dynasty it was built in the honour of Bhimdev 1, who was the ancestor of this dynasty, by his widowed wife, Udayamati. It is prominent because of it’s stepped corridors, sculptures and stone carvings in the well. The sculptures are mostly dedicated to Lord Vishnu in his 10 avatars which symbolizes his return to the world. It was announced as the Heritage Site in 2014 because of it’s astonishing architectural feature. The construction of Rani ki vav is also unique. It is an inverted temple and the well has seven levels in total. Each level will denote it’s importance as per the mythological beliefs and religious work. 4. Group of Monuments at Hampi, Karnataka Hampi, a small village which resides in the northern part of Karnataka. It is marked by various ruins of temple complex from the kingdom of Vijaynagar. The ruins delineate about the Dravidian style of art and architecture which is one of the influential feature of South India. This world heritage site comprises of various monuments which is why it is popularly known as ‘Group of Monuments at Hampi’. The Virupaksha Temple is one the crucial heritage site. The others monuments which are incorporated in it are the Krishna Temple Complex, Hemakuta group of temples, Achyutarya temple complex, Narasimha, Ganesha, Vitthala temple complex, lotus Mahal comllex, pattabhirama temple complex and so on. There are bazaars or local markets neighbouring these complex with residential areas as well as quarters. 5. Group of monuments at Pattadakal, Karnataka Pattadakal is also one the World Heritage Site in the state of Karnataka. The dash of architecture used was Chalukya which formally initiated at Aryapura which comprised of Dravidian as well as Nagara styles as well. Pattadakal was the capital of Chalukyas and their Kings were Noble. It was embraced by different temples which was built by the Chalukya rulers, out of which 8 temples were ardent to Lord Shiva and Jain. The remarkable temples which are a part of these groups of monuments are : Galganath temple, Jain temple, Chandrashekhara temple, Virupaksha temple, Sangameshwara temple, Kashivishwanaath temple, Mallikarju temple etc. 6. Khajuraho group of monuments, Madhya Pradesh Khajurao which is in the state of Madhya Pradesh is also one of the important heritage site in India. It consists of Jain and Hindu temples altogether depicting Nagara style of architecture. One can see alluring sculptures which are located just few kilometers away from the city of Jhasi. It truly narrate the rich heritage of india by it’s profuse carvings of animals and human done on stone. These monuments and temples were set up under the rule of Chandella dynasty from 950 to 1050 CE. Its stretch upto 20 square kilometers with 85 temples in total. The most eye- catching temple in the complex is Kandariya temple. 7. Hill forts of Rajasthan The Hill forts of Rajasthan are located on the Arvallis in Rajasthan. It has various forts like Amber fort, Jaisalmer fort, Chittorgarh, Ranthambore, Gargon, and Kambhalgarh fort. These forts inherit Rajput Military Defense architecture. When we talk about the structure of the fort then it’s quite massive and the walls being strong. The augmentation of the fort clearly defines the robustness of the rulers during the reign. Then coming to the inner side of the fort, it’s a colorful and blissful Cory consisting of temples, palaces, markets, and trading storage and structure built for harvesting which is utilised presently. Even the film industry has marked it’s presence at these astonishing locations like ‘The Dark Knight Rises’ and ‘Shonar Kella’. 8. Mahabodhi temple complex in Bodhgaya Mahabodhi temple complex is also one of the World Heritage Site in India. It is the stricking place of visit for Buddhists. It is positioned to be 96 KMS away from Patna, Bihar. Bodhgaya is the place where Lord Buddha accomplished enlightenment. The temple was established during the rule of the Ashoka in 250 BCE. The complex has sanctified Bodhi Tree, Vajrasana and the temple which is 50m tall. There are six other spiritual places of Buddha enlightenment. But Bodhgaya is the noteworthy pious site for Buddhists. 9. Churches and Convents of Goa Portuguese invaded India in 15th and 16th centuries in Goa. As they entered along the coast the Christianity was automatically introduced to the regikn specially in the area along the Konkan Coast. Due to this, it affected not only the lifestyle of the particular area but also the architecture and led to the implementation of the assorted convents and churches. The architecture is enticingly portrayed that it is recognized as the UNESCO world heritage site. 10. Buddhist monuments of Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh In 3rd century BCE, sovereign Ashoka authorized for Sanchi Stupa which is located in Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh. It’s framework was formulated on the remnants of Buddha and headed by Chatra which epitomize rank. These monuments are the oldest sculptures in India. The Stupa was destroyed and modernized by creating gateways and railways in 2nd century BCE. 11. Chola temples, Tamil NaduDuring the reign of Chola Empire many temples were formulated in the Southern region of India. Among those temples the most prevalent temples are Gangaikonda Cholapuram , Airavateshwara temple and Brihadiswara temple. Out of these, Brihadiswara temple was raised under Rajaraja 1 and Gangaikonda Cholapuram which was steadfast to Lord Shiva and Airavatesvara temple was constructed during Rajaraja II. These temples portray the architectural culture and heritage of the Cholas. 12. Group of monuments at Mahaballipuram, Tamil NaduThe temples of Mahaballipuram are located in the southern state of Tamil Nadu. During the rule of Pallavas these temples were constructed and had a unique feature illustrating about the temples being carved out of the rocks. This type of architecture attracted lot many people from different parts of the globe and representing it as a World heritage Site. It has 40 sanctuaries in total which depicts Ratha architecture. Namely these monuments were Pancha Ratha, Dharamraja Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Draupathi Ratha etc. the tourists are not only attracted towards these temples but also the caves built in the coastal city of Mahaballipuram. 13. Historic city of Ahmedabad Ahmedabad, the city located on the banks of river Sabarmati is seated in the state of Gujarat. The city became the first to enter into as the World Heritage Site in July 2017. It has the compacted houses and crowed streets which accommodate all the religious institutions, public wells and even the bird feeders. It is rightly declared by UNESCO as it is home to 25 Archaeological Survey of India structures as well. 14. Qutub Minar and its monuments Qutub Minar and its monuments are collectively known to be Qutub Minar Complex which was remarkable example of Islamic Architecture. It is located in Delhi and was built by Qutub-ud-din-Aibak  in 1193 during the rule of Mamluk dynasty. It was started by Aibak but completed by his son in law Iltutmish. The structure was defined to be 73m tall with the diameter of 15m from the base and 2.5m at the top. This monument was dedicated to the renowned sufi saint Qutub-ud-din Bakhtiyar Kaki. The complex is inclusive of the mosque which is said to be the first in the nation ie Quwwat-ul-islam on the remains of the Lal Kot. This famous monument definitely deserved to be the part of the World Heritage Site. 15. Mountain railways of IndiaThe railways are even the part of World Heritage Site, better mentioning them as the mountain railways of India. It comprises three major railways i.e. Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway. These trains offer the mesmerizing scenic beauty of the respective locations they reside in. Out of these the Darjeeling Railways are quite impressive due to the picturesque view including the Tea plantations and tunnels which can easily rejuvenate the person itself. It is the hard work of those engineers to build them that too in 19th and 20th century to not only omit the connectivity to these areas but even display the heritage in its actual sense. 16. Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar PradeshThe Taj mahal which is also recognized as the Seven Wonders of the World is the beautiful monument in Agra. It showcase the Mughal Architecture by Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Its prominent feature is the white marble which enhances the beauty of the monument. It is situated at the bank of the river Yamuna. During the rule of the Mughals it was initiated with the cost of 32 million rupees in 1653. As it exhibits the Mughal architecture therefore it is also known as “Jewel of Muslim Art in India”. It even captivates many tourists visiting India.  17. Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh Fatehpur Sikri is also considered as the World Heritage Site in India. Fateh meaning ‘victory’ itself tells about the history and the success over Chittor and Ranthambore. The complex has many monuments within itself. There is a Panch Mahal or commonly known as Jada Baai ka Mahal is the home to Navaratnas. Coming next is the venerable Buland Darwaza, the glorious door of Asia where the tomb of Salim Chishti is available. It is erected by the wood which is brought from Australia. It is also famous for the legendary Diwan-i-aam and Diwan-i-khas, also being the constituent of the Heritage Site.18. Agra Fort, Uttar PradeshAgra fort which can be seen easily from the Taj Mahal is one of the crucial monuments during the Mughals. It was constructed by Akbar showcasing the Persian style of architecture. It was also acknowledged as Badalgarh because of Raja Badal Singh who was a Rajput King. During the Lodi dynasty, Sikander Lodi was the one to reside in the fort. Agra fort itself the epitome of the architecture imparted. It encompasses of numerous monuments like Moti Masjid, Diwan-i-khas, Diwan-i-aam, Sheesh Mahal and Nagina Masjid etc.19. Red fort Complex, New DelhiRed Fort, situated in the capital of India, New Delhi. It is composed of the red sand stone, used in most of the Islamic architecture. Shah Jahan initiated with the making of the fort when he shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi commonly known as Shahjahanabad (at that time). It is the merge of the Islamic and Hindu and Persian architecture. Being in the middle of the capital city it attracts lot of tourists with entry ticket as well. There was an area used by the emperors to park their horses and elephants which is now converted into catchy market displaying the heritage and culture of  India. Now, because of its architectural importance it has entered in the list of the World Heritage Site as well.   20. Humayun’s Tomb, New DelhiHumayun’s Tomb which was constructed by Begam Bega who was the first wife of Humayun. It is situated in New Delhi and built between 1565-1572. It also comprises of the other monuments like tomb of Isa Khan Niyazi, who was an Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri’s dynasty. It was refurbished many a times and completed. This also made it to the list of the  world heritage site.   


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