1. from category B to category A while

1.     
Introduction
and background

 Swabi Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
(KPK) Minister for Health Shaukat Ali Yousafzai on

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Friday announced a medical college
called Gaju Khan Medical College will be

established in Shah Mansoor area of
Swabi.

In his
visit to Bacha Khan Medical Complex, the health minister announced the facility
will be upgraded from category B to category A while Gaju Khan Medical College
would be established on the land adjacent to the complex.

Yousafzai
said strict action will be taken against medical staff and doctors who send
patients and attendants to buy medicines from pharmacies not located within the
complex, adding all patients should be provided with medicines from the
hospital itself.

K-P
Assembly Speaker Asad Qaiser, who accompanied the health minister during the
visit, told Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) supporters that developing the
district and K-P will take time. However, he added the people had given PTI a
mandate and the party would fulfill all their promises.

Qaiser
said the government had announced Rs500 million for the construction of Gaju
Medical College, and Rs300 million each for upgrading Bacha Khan Medical
Complex and Civil Hospital, Topi, while Rs1.5 billion would be utilized to
finish construction work at Swabi Women’s University.

Qaiser
said classes would be held in Gaju Khan Medical College from January 1, 2014,
while classes in Swat Women’s University will commence from September 2013.

He
added these steps were not a favour to the people of Swabi; in fact “it’s the
right of the people of Swabi.” Qaiser claimed the PTI government would strive
hard to compensate the region for the 65 years that its people had been
deprived of developmental projects

 

The construction has the
following features: The work includes construction of Lab and baths five nos
and repair works.  Developmental works
include all such activities needed for development (Sewer line, electrical
works) and smooth operation of the buildings.

 

1.1 Objectives

 

·        
To evaluate the cost
& quantity Lab building in bacha khan medical complex shah mansoor

·        
This study may also
identify the strengths, construction and quality control for economical
construction of UP-GRADATION
OF BACHA KHAN MEDICAL COMPLEX SWABI FOR TEACHING PURPOSE OF GAJJU KHAN MEDICAL
COLLEGE SWABI

·        
The ultimate goal would
be to help work out an approach that ensures construction of a cost-effective,
durable and structurally a stable construction.

·        
We find the cost of the
building in which cost they are completed.

·        
To find out the quantity
of the sand, crush, cement, bricks and steel.

·        
To find out how much
land are required for this building.

 

 

1.2 Scope of the
Project

 

Main objective of the Project is
to understand the up-gradation of bacha khan medical complex infrastructure and
enhancement of student capability so that the Department can effectively meet
the new challenges and competition of the other countries. Thus helping us in
building our capacity for our professionalism.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.3  Tentative Work Plan

         We
shall be given briefing about the project in accordance to the following aspect
for                                    out better
understanding.

·        
Site Visits to bacha
khan medical complex and collection of all drawing of the Lab building.

·        
Compilation and analysis
of the tests results (material which are used in construction

·        
Made lay out plan.

·        
Excavation of
foundation

·        
Foundation works

·        
Completion of the civil
work

·        
Completion of the all
plumbing and electricity work

·        
Complete the finishing
work (paint flouring door windows )

·        
Complete analysis &
measurement of the all building.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                 

                                                                      CHAPTER NO 2

  
                                                                     Technical Specification

 

2.1     Preparation of Site

          Site Clearance

                     The very first step is
site clearance which involves removal of grass and vegetation along    with any other objections which might be
there in the site location.

          Demarcation of Site

                    The whole area on which
construction is to be done is marked so as to identify the construction zone.

          Positioning of Central cordinate and layout

                         The centre point was marked with the help of a
thread and plumb bob as per the grid drawing. With respect to this center
point, all the other points of columns were to be decided so its exact position
is very critical.

                           The
Contractor shall set out the works and shall be responsible for true and
perfect setting out of the same and for correctness of the positions, levels,
dimensions and alignments of all parts thereof. If at any time any error in
this respect shall appear during the progress of the works, the Contractor
shall at his own expense rectify such error, to the satisfaction of the
Engineer.

 

2.2     Preparation
of Excavation

                               The
excavation must be protected against the external damaging agencies or internal
soil last ability. The contractor is responsible for proper protection of the
excavation on Trenches before the foundation construction.

 

2.3  
Excavation For Foundation 

                  The excavation for foundation
must be done according to the laid cut and marks as per drawing.

 

 

2.4   Constructional Material  

 2.4.1
      Cement

                          Cement commonly used
for normal construction work, is known as Ordinary Portland Cement. However,
for use under specific conditions a variety of cement are available these day.
The most important use of cement are as ingredient in the production of mortar
in masonry, and of concrete, a combination of cement and an aggregate to form a
strong building material.

          2.4.2       Aggregates

                         Aggregate are inert
materials mixed with a binding material like cement, lime or mud in the
preparation of mortar or concrete .They are also raw materials that are an
essential in concrete.These shall consist of naturally occurring stones, gravel
and sand and shall be hard, strong, dense, durables, clear, and free from veins,
adherent coating and injurious amounts of disintegrated pieces and deleterious
substances. Depending  upon the size of
their particles the aggregates are classified as

        (a)     Fine Aggregates

                          Particles
of fine aggregates pass through 4.75mm mesh and 
are entirely retained on 0.15mm mesh. Most commonly used fine aggregates
are sand, crushed stone ,ash or cinder. Aggregates that do not pass through
4.75mm mesh are termed as coarse aggregates.

                               

            

                                                                 
FINE AGGREGATES

 

  (b)     
Coarse Aggregates

                              Aggregates
the size of whole particles is bigger than 4.75mm but smaller than 7.5mm are known
as coarse aggregates. All the Coarse aggregates must be come from the same area
or bulk lot.

COARSE AGGREGATE

 

 

 

2.4.3    Bricks

                 Bricks  are blocks of tempered clay moulded to
suitable  shapes and size while it is
still in plastics condition, dried in the sun and burnt, if desired so as to
make them more strong, hard, and durable. first class  brick of standard size is 9″ 41/2*3″ sample
from each bricks types must be  tested.

 

 

 

2.4.4            Reinforcement   location

                    Reinforcement
can be used to increase the strength of concrete and/or to help control
cracking. For house floors resting on the ground it is placed in the top 1/3 of
slabs and in the bottom of trenches and footing.

                    The reinforcement must be
covered by a set amount of concrete which protects the steel from rusting .This
is called cover. The amount of cover depends on whether it is inside or outside
and is measured to the top or bottom of the outer surface.

                      Reinforcement should be
securely held for slab on ground construction. It should overlap a set distance
or from one piece of reinforcing bar, or wire fabric, to another and at the
corners of a trench.

 

2.5             Concreting

                     The concrete batches must
be prepared according to the instruction of site of concrete supervisor. The
batch shall be such quantity that all concrete is well place before it shows
the sing of initial set. Left over of previous batches which have shown sign of
initial set must be rejected and should not be used. The concreting should be
clone correctly as quickly as possible. The concrete should be allowed to
congregate during its transpiration and pouring into the mould and the process
of placing the concrete must be supervised by competent authority.

                      Concrete is a mixture of cement, sand, stone
aggregates and water. A cage of steel rods used together with the concrete mix
leads to the formation of Reinforced Cement Concrete popularly known as RCC.

 
Concrete has two main stages

1) Fresh Concrete

2) Hardened Concrete

                 Fresh
Concrete should be stable and should not segregate or bleed during
transportation and placing when it is subjected to forces during handling
operations of limited nature. The mix should be cohesive and mobile enough to
be placed in the form around the reinforcement and should be able to cast into
the required shape without losing continuity or homogeneity under the available
techniques of placing the concrete at a particular job. The mix should be
amenable to proper and through compaction into a dense, compact concrete with
minimum voids under the existing facilities of compaction at the site. A best
mix from the point of view of compatibility should achieve a 99 percent
elimination of the original voids present.

 

2.6  plastering

                  Plaster protects structure from temperature variations; external
attacks of sulphates, chlorides, etc. Plaster also provides smooth &
aesthetic surface on RCC & Brickwork surface. The proportion of mortar used
at site for ceiling coat is 1:4 and wall coat is 1:3. A plaster of 10 mm is
done at ceiling and a plaster of 12.5mm is done at wall. Various precautions to
be taken while the work of plastering is going on are:-

         •Preferably use cements which releases
low heat of hydration.

         •Use optimum water at the time of
mixing.

         •Do not use dry cement on the plaster
surface.

         •At the junction of Brickwork &
RCC, chicken mesh or fiber mesh may be used.

         •Wet the surface before plastering and
cure the surface for at least 10 to 12 days.

 

2.7    Flooring

                      The
floor finish mainly consists of porcelain textured tiles (Spanish/ Italian) and
pre polished               marble tiles of approved  color and shade. The skirting and dado will be
of matching material and color. In Data Centre areas, flooring will be of
antistatic tiles.

 

2.8  
Ceilings

                       Cement plastered
surfaces will be finished with paint. Damped type gypsum board and Lasani board
false ceiling will be provided in specified area.

 

 

 

2.9    Door and window

                           Deodar wooden paneled doors
powder coated aluminum doors, windows, ventilators and curtain walls etc will
be provided as specified.

 

2.10   Plumbing work  

                  Best quality of locally made
PPR, GI and CI pipes work with local fixtures and fittings will be  used.

 

2.11    Electrical works

                             Best quality locally made wiring;
distribution boards, Phillips type light fixtures, telephone system, local area
network, fire alarms, CCTV and CATV systems will be provided. In addition to
these walk through gates, scanners and metal detectors will be provided to
provide an efficient security system in the building.

x

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